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NAFTA and the 2008 Election
James M. Goldgeier is a professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University. He received his B.A. in government from Harvard and his M.A. and Ph.D. in political science from the University of California at Berkeley.
He is the author of Leadership Style and Soviet Foreign Policy (John Hopkins, 1994), which received the Edgar Furniss book award in national and international security, and Not Whether But When: The U.S. Decision to Enlarge NATO (Brookings, 1999). Dr. Goldgeier co-authored (with Michael McFaul) Power and Purpose: U.S. Policy toward Russia after the Cold War (Brookings, 2003), which received the 2004 Lepgold Prize for the best book on international relations. His most recent book (co-authored with Derek Chollet) is America Between the Wars: From 11/9 to 9/11, published in June 2008 by Public Affairs. Dr. Goldgeier is also a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.
Topic: NAFTA and the 2008 Election
James Goldgeier: Well, we saw in the Democratic primary, certainly the politics was-- drove both Obama and Clinton toward talking about the need to redo NAFTA. You know, very ironic-- especially for Hillary Clinton-- because NAFTA really was one of Bill Clinton's signature achievements as president. And, you know, you can't really renegotiate agreements like that because you really then signal-- you give too much to the other partners out there reason to think, "Well wait a minute, maybe the United States isn't really a reliable trade partner, if they're going to want to renegotiate the next time somebody comes into office." So, I don't think that's realistic and I think that Obama will find himself, as presidents do, having to try to push forward on free trade, but the politics are going to be very difficult. I mean, Bill Clinton-- we had in our book, Charlene Barshefsky who was Clinton's trade representative in the second term. You know, she said 1993 was the high point. You know, and Clinton's battle with the party, you know, just dragged on through the decade. It was very difficult for him. And the politics are even tougher today for Obama. I mean, you know, the left part of the Democratic Party feels that, really, the American worker has gotten the shaft and they're not going to want to listen to a president talking about free trade.
Recorded on: 07/08/2008
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needpix.com<p>Today, bubonic plague can be treated effectively with antibiotics.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Unlike in the 14th century, we now have an understanding of how this disease is transmitted," Dr. Shanthi Kappagoda, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Health Care, told <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">Healthline</a>. "We know how to prevent it — avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where there is transmission. We are also able to treat patients who are infected with effective antibiotics, and can give antibiotics to people who may have been exposed to the bacteria [and] prevent them [from] getting sick."</p>
This plague patient is displaying a swollen, ruptured inguinal lymph node, or buboe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention<p>Still, hundreds of people develop bubonic plague every year. In the U.S., a handful of cases occur annually, particularly in New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado, <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/plague/faq/index.html" target="_blank">where habitats allow the bacteria to spread more easily among wild rodent populations</a>. But these cases are very rare, mainly because you need to be in close contact with rodents in order to get infected. And though plague can spread from human to human, this <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">only occurs with pneumonic plague</a>, and transmission is also rare.</p>
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