Michael Gazzaniga: The Criminal Brain

Michael Gazzaniga:  So let’s say brain science in 15, 20 years really understands why a certain population of people, say psychopaths, behave the way they do.  OK, we know it, we got it.  And let’s say we have figured out a treatment for them.  So you got the psychopath.  He has done the crime.  We hold him responsible.  Now we’re at the decision.  Do we treat him or put in the slammer? Right, because we now know if we can treat him they’re back to the normal population, they’re back doing normal things again. Does that satisfy in us the sense of justice that should be done to this person?  Does that satisfy our built in sense of retribution, which I think humans have in spades?  Can people live with the fact that somebody who carried out a crime against their family or their body or their property is just simply fix the guy so he doesn’t do that stuff anymore - or do they want this other component and does that other component?

That is the discussion we should be having.  We shouldn’t be confusing the fact that someone with a slight or even a serious brain disorder, are they responsible or not.  We should have the legal category in our country, which we don’t: guilty but insane, not not guilty because insane.  We should get the responsibility issue clear and then as a society we have to decide well what are we going to do about that person and just think how interesting it gets.

I think our time would be better spent trying to sort that out because I think down the pike there will be treatments.  There will be more effective treatments.  The reason why it isn’t a burning issue now is because none of our so-called treatments or rehabs or what have you are that great.  The recidivism rate just sits there around 63% no matter what you do.  So there is just isolation of just put people in institutions of one kind or another.

I think by clearing up this responsibility question we focus on the real question of what does our society decide to do about this person and that’s a tough one.

Directed / Produced by
Jonathan Fowler & Elizabeth Rodd

So you got the psychopath. He has done the crime. We hold him responsible. Now we’re at the decision.

Adam Gopnik on the rhinoceros of liberalism vs. the unicorns of everything else

Torn between absolutism on the left and the right, classical liberalism—with its core values of compassion and incremental progress whereby the once-radical becomes the mainstream—is in need of a good defense. And Adam Gopnik is its lawyer.

Think Again Podcasts
  • Liberalism as "radical pragmatism"
  • Intersectionality and civic discourse
  • How "a thousand small sanities" tackled drunk driving, normalized gay marriage, and could control gun violence
Keep reading Show less

You weren't born ‘to be useful’, Irish president tells young philosophers

Irish president believes students need philosophy.

Personal Growth
  • President of Ireland Michael D. Higgins calls for students to be thought of as more than tools made to be useful.
  • Higgins believes that philosophy and history should be a basic requirement forming a core education.
  • The Irish Young Philosopher Awards is one such event that is celebrating this discipline among the youth.
Keep reading Show less

Fascism and conspiracy theories: The symptoms of broken communication

The lost practice of face-to-face communication has made the world a more extreme place.

Videos
  • The world was saner when we spoke face-to-face, argues John Cameron Mitchell. Not looking someone in the eye when you talk to them raises the potential for miscommunication and conflict.
  • Social media has been an incredible force for activism and human rights, but it's also negatively affected our relationship with the media. We are now bombarded 24/7 with news that either drives us to anger or apathy.
  • Sitting behind a screen makes polarization worse, and polarization is fertile ground for conspiracy theories and fascism, which Cameron describes as irrationally blaming someone else for your problems.
Keep reading Show less