from the world's big
Leif Pagrotsky on Education in Sweden
Question: What is education’s role in a weak economy?
Pagrotsky: I believe that when the capacity is underutilized in the country in times of recession, for instance, when labor is laid off, when companies are not working at full speed. That is the time not to waste labor, not to waste time of individuals concerned, but to invest in knowledge to be used when the economy recovers again, because knowledge is, I believe, the currency of globalization. Knowledge is something that you cannot take away from people, something that can never be bad. You can educate yourself, and at worst, you will never use it. But, in general, it means a positive impact for the individual, for his salary, for his possibility to get a job, but also to productivity in the economy, so we should use all opportunities we have to use the idleness of labor to add to their skills. And that can mean not only a three-week course on a new machine or a new computer program, that can be that a laid off older worker at Volvo can go to a university to add to his education so that he can become a teacher, for instance. Remember, Volvo hasn’t hired anybody who wasn’t eligible for a college, for entry into college in the past 10 years, so everybody was now laid off has the papers necessary to enter university. Many of them don’t want to, but if some of them do, we should support them. We should give them the financial resources and free education, so that when the economy recovers again, the population has a higher level of education. Remember, every year there is one [cohort] of young people entering the labor force and one [cohort] of labor leaving the labor force that is a 2% of the labor force. That is not enough. Economy is changing so fast. Technology is changing so fast. The demands for languages, computer skills increase so fast. So, the labor force must be upgraded and modernized much faster than 2% a year. That means that also people in active ages must have the opportunity to receive education. And I also believe that people with a job, if they leave the job to add to their education because they like it and they leave a vacancy behind, that should be actively supported, not because we should be kind to that individual, not as a policy to be friendly to individuals, but as a systematic policy to raise the level of skills in the labor force as such. That is an extremely important element in the policy for long-term growth.
Leif Pagrotsky speaks to the importance of building and maintaining skills in a labor force.
Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.
Health officials in China reported that a man was infected with bubonic plague, the infectious disease that caused the Black Death.
- The case was reported in the city of Bayannur, which has issued a level-three plague prevention warning.
- Modern antibiotics can effectively treat bubonic plague, which spreads mainly by fleas.
- Chinese health officials are also monitoring a newly discovered type of swine flu that has the potential to develop into a pandemic virus.
Bacteria under microscope
needpix.com<p>Today, bubonic plague can be treated effectively with antibiotics.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Unlike in the 14th century, we now have an understanding of how this disease is transmitted," Dr. Shanthi Kappagoda, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Health Care, told <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">Healthline</a>. "We know how to prevent it — avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where there is transmission. We are also able to treat patients who are infected with effective antibiotics, and can give antibiotics to people who may have been exposed to the bacteria [and] prevent them [from] getting sick."</p>
This plague patient is displaying a swollen, ruptured inguinal lymph node, or buboe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention<p>Still, hundreds of people develop bubonic plague every year. In the U.S., a handful of cases occur annually, particularly in New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado, <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/plague/faq/index.html" target="_blank">where habitats allow the bacteria to spread more easily among wild rodent populations</a>. But these cases are very rare, mainly because you need to be in close contact with rodents in order to get infected. And though plague can spread from human to human, this <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">only occurs with pneumonic plague</a>, and transmission is also rare.</p>
A new swine flu in China<p>Last week, researchers in China also reported another public health concern: a new virus that has "all the essential hallmarks" of a pandemic virus.<br></p><p>In a paper published in the <a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/06/23/1921186117" target="_blank">Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</a>, researchers say the virus was discovered in pigs in China, and it descended from the H1N1 virus, commonly called "swine flu." That virus was able to transmit from human to human, and it killed an estimated 151,700 to 575,400 people worldwide from 2009 to 2010, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</p>There's no evidence showing that the new virus can spread from person to person. But the researchers did find that 10 percent of swine workers had been infected by the virus, called G4 reassortant EA H1N1. This level of infectivity raises concerns, because it "greatly enhances the opportunity for virus adaptation in humans and raises concerns for the possible generation of pandemic viruses," the researchers wrote.
The word "learning" opens up space for more people, places, and ideas.
- The terms 'education' and 'learning' are often used interchangeably, but there is a cultural connotation to the former that can be limiting. Education naturally links to schooling, which is only one form of learning.
- Gregg Behr, founder and co-chair of Remake Learning, believes that this small word shift opens up the possibilities in terms of how and where learning can happen. It also becomes a more inclusive practice, welcoming in a larger, more diverse group of thinkers.
- Post-COVID, the way we think about what learning looks like will inevitably change, so it's crucial to adjust and begin building the necessary support systems today.
Scientists uncovered the secrets of what drove some of the world's last remaining woolly mammoths to extinction.
Every summer, children on the Alaskan island of St Paul cool down in Lake Hill, a crater lake in an extinct volcano – unaware of the mysteries that lie beneath.
The coronavirus pandemic has brought out the perception of selfishness among many.
- Selfish behavior has been analyzed by philosophers and psychologists for centuries.
- New research shows people may be wired for altruistic behavior and get more benefits from it.
- Times of crisis tend to increase self-centered acts.