from the world's big
Leaving Science for Rock 'n' Roll
Josh Ritter:\r\nWell, I started playing music when I was really little. I\r\n started playing violin and I played\r\nthat for a really long time, 13 years. \r\nAnd it never felt like music to me really, until I—I never got \r\nthat\r\nfeeling that I was playing music until I was putting on some of my \r\nparents' old\r\nrecords. They had a record player\r\nand they had all kinds of vinyl. \r\nAnd we lived far out of town, so you’d come home from school and \r\nnot\r\nhave anything to do... except throw rocks. \r\nAnd I uncovered this record player one day and my brother helped \r\nme plug\r\nit in and I put on—they had all kinds of records, but the record that \r\nreally\r\nstruck me was “Nashville Skyline,” Bob Dylan record with Johnny Cash. It was the first song; it was “Girl\r\nFrom the North Country.” And I\r\ndidn’t grow up around grunge, or punk, or anything like that, but that \r\nfeeling\r\nthat that song gave me really made me—I think that’s the same feeling \r\nthat I\r\nhad, was like this was suddenly kind of a door opened and I could go \r\nthrough it\r\nmyself.\r\n\r\n
Question: Why did you quit neuroscience in college to study music?
Josh Ritter: I\r\nguess it really, both of my parents are scientists and the talk around \r\nthe\r\ndinner table was always about science and it was about the brain and it \r\nwas\r\nabout whatever they were working on. \r\nAnd they would talk to each other and my brother and I kind of \r\ngrew up\r\nin this world where "serotonin" was somebody down the block, you know. And to me, it was never a question that\r\nI would go into science. I took\r\naptitude tests and it said that I could be an undertaker or a plumber, \r\nor\r\nsomebody who worked in the woods. \r\nAnd that was it, forestry. \r\nAnd so I thought "That’s ridiculous. I’m \r\ngoing to be a scientist."
And then my chemistry teacher in high school said, \r\n“You’re\r\nnot going to be a scientist.” And\r\nI said, that’s totally ridiculous. \r\nI’m going to be a scientist. \r\nThat’s—what else is there. \r\nAnd I went to school for science and about halfway through I \r\nrealized,\r\nman, I’m just not going to be a scientist. I’m \r\nnot going to—it’s not happening. I was really in \r\nlove with scientists. I was in love with the \r\npeople who\r\nstudied science and was in love with the people who came up with the \r\nideas and\r\nwith their lives and how they got interested in those things. And what were their breakthrough\r\nmoments, you know. Like how did\r\nWatson and Crick discover, like, the double helix... or these beautiful \r\nmoments,\r\nthey always seem like incredible things.\r\n\r\n
And as I started to write songs, I started to \r\nrealize that I\r\nhad those moments myself. And\r\neverybody who’s an artist, like a scientist is an artist; an artist is \r\nanybody\r\nwho has those moments and realizes them and so that’s how I kind of came\r\n to that\r\nrealization. I was studying for an\r\norganic chemistry test and I just—and it was a final and I just knew it \r\nwasn’t\r\nlooking good. And I left the\r\nscience library and I called my parents and I said, “I’m not going to be\r\n a\r\nscientist.” I’m going to be a musician. And they were great about it. They\r\n said, you know, we figured you\r\nwere never going to be a scientist.
Recorded April 5, 2010
Interviewed by Austin \r\nAllen
Josh Ritter had an epiphany while studying organic chemistry in college: he was meant to be a musician, not a scientist.
Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.
Health officials in China reported that a man was infected with bubonic plague, the infectious disease that caused the Black Death.
- The case was reported in the city of Bayannur, which has issued a level-three plague prevention warning.
- Modern antibiotics can effectively treat bubonic plague, which spreads mainly by fleas.
- Chinese health officials are also monitoring a newly discovered type of swine flu that has the potential to develop into a pandemic virus.
Bacteria under microscope
needpix.com<p>Today, bubonic plague can be treated effectively with antibiotics.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Unlike in the 14th century, we now have an understanding of how this disease is transmitted," Dr. Shanthi Kappagoda, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Health Care, told <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">Healthline</a>. "We know how to prevent it — avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where there is transmission. We are also able to treat patients who are infected with effective antibiotics, and can give antibiotics to people who may have been exposed to the bacteria [and] prevent them [from] getting sick."</p>
This plague patient is displaying a swollen, ruptured inguinal lymph node, or buboe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention<p>Still, hundreds of people develop bubonic plague every year. In the U.S., a handful of cases occur annually, particularly in New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado, <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/plague/faq/index.html" target="_blank">where habitats allow the bacteria to spread more easily among wild rodent populations</a>. But these cases are very rare, mainly because you need to be in close contact with rodents in order to get infected. And though plague can spread from human to human, this <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">only occurs with pneumonic plague</a>, and transmission is also rare.</p>
A new swine flu in China<p>Last week, researchers in China also reported another public health concern: a new virus that has "all the essential hallmarks" of a pandemic virus.<br></p><p>In a paper published in the <a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/06/23/1921186117" target="_blank">Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</a>, researchers say the virus was discovered in pigs in China, and it descended from the H1N1 virus, commonly called "swine flu." That virus was able to transmit from human to human, and it killed an estimated 151,700 to 575,400 people worldwide from 2009 to 2010, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</p>There's no evidence showing that the new virus can spread from person to person. But the researchers did find that 10 percent of swine workers had been infected by the virus, called G4 reassortant EA H1N1. This level of infectivity raises concerns, because it "greatly enhances the opportunity for virus adaptation in humans and raises concerns for the possible generation of pandemic viruses," the researchers wrote.
The word "learning" opens up space for more people, places, and ideas.
- The terms 'education' and 'learning' are often used interchangeably, but there is a cultural connotation to the former that can be limiting. Education naturally links to schooling, which is only one form of learning.
- Gregg Behr, founder and co-chair of Remake Learning, believes that this small word shift opens up the possibilities in terms of how and where learning can happen. It also becomes a more inclusive practice, welcoming in a larger, more diverse group of thinkers.
- Post-COVID, the way we think about what learning looks like will inevitably change, so it's crucial to adjust and begin building the necessary support systems today.
Scientists uncovered the secrets of what drove some of the world's last remaining woolly mammoths to extinction.
Every summer, children on the Alaskan island of St Paul cool down in Lake Hill, a crater lake in an extinct volcano – unaware of the mysteries that lie beneath.
The coronavirus pandemic has brought out the perception of selfishness among many.
- Selfish behavior has been analyzed by philosophers and psychologists for centuries.
- New research shows people may be wired for altruistic behavior and get more benefits from it.
- Times of crisis tend to increase self-centered acts.