Irvine Welsh on "Crime"

Irvine Welsh: It’s like, it’s weird, because actually as I’ve said what kind of mission as a writer has always [be I hope] people mess up, and it’s weird because the way [IB] got on “Crime” is a bit different because it’s… If you’re looking about how people heal there’s a superficial thing about the pedophilia which is quite, is a shocking subject to deal with, but it wouldn’t have been interesting for me to write a book about that as a subject because it’s so bleak and it’s so morally unambiguous.

It’s just so wrong and evil and that’s the end of it, basically. So there’s nothing really interesting to write about that. So, what was more interesting to write about is how people actually survive something like that and how they come through it and how they help each other to come out the other side of it. So, from a quite a very kind of bleak and distressful subject, it’s probably the most upbeat book I’ve written, in a way. So, it’s… Yeah. It is very different from the other books in the sense that that is the kind of line of inquiry rather than the reverse. Yeah.

 

Question: What inspired the book?

 

Irvine Welsh: I think, with this one, I was reading Nabokov’s “Lolita” which I’ve read a couple of times, and there’s always something that I didn’t like about the book, . I was trying work out what it was, and I think it’s the… I think it’s this contention that… obviously, it was written in a very different time and all that, and people would back then, people didn’t know how kind of scarring and devastating child abuse was on somebody who’s experienced it, but it was this idea that somebody could be a pedophile but was justified of this kind of high minded sort of educated [IB].

And I kind of wanted to write against that and to sort of to say, well, no it’s not really kind of… It’s not acceptable under any circumstances, . It’s like, kind of… It’s not acceptable for a kind of… Why should it be more acceptable for, like, a fated sort of pop star to take children to his bed when a lorry driver or a truck driver would be treated a completely different way for doing the same thing, . So, it’s like, it’s kind of [regaling] against all that sort of and looking at the kind of how how devastating that is to people who experience it. So, I was kind of writing against that kind of debacle thing, and I want to… So, I want to derive something, to me, that it seemed to be more, to be more socially real.

 

Recorded on: September 8, 2008

 

Irvine Welsh says a critical reading of Lolita was his point of departure.

​There are two kinds of failure – but only one is honorable

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Scientists study tattooed corpses, find pigment in lymph nodes

It turns out, that tattoo ink can travel throughout your body and settle in lymph nodes.

17th August 1973: An American tattoo artist working on a client's shoulder. (Photo by F. Roy Kemp/BIPs/Getty Images)
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In the slightly macabre experiment to find out where tattoo ink travels to in the body, French and German researchers recently used synchrotron X-ray fluorescence in four "inked" human cadavers — as well as one without. The results of their 2017 study? Some of the tattoo ink apparently settled in lymph nodes.


Image from the study.

As the authors explain in the study — they hail from Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, and the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment — it would have been unethical to test this on live animals since those creatures would not be able to give permission to be tattooed.

Because of the prevalence of tattoos these days, the researchers wanted to find out if the ink could be harmful in some way.

"The increasing prevalence of tattoos provoked safety concerns with respect to particle distribution and effects inside the human body," they write.

It works like this: Since lymph nodes filter lymph, which is the fluid that carries white blood cells throughout the body in an effort to fight infections that are encountered, that is where some of the ink particles collect.

Image by authors of the study.

Titanium dioxide appears to be the thing that travels. It's a white tattoo ink pigment that's mixed with other colors all the time to control shades.

The study's authors will keep working on this in the meantime.

“In future experiments we will also look into the pigment and heavy metal burden of other, more distant internal organs and tissues in order to track any possible bio-distribution of tattoo ink ingredients throughout the body. The outcome of these investigations not only will be helpful in the assessment of the health risks associated with tattooing but also in the judgment of other exposures such as, e.g., the entrance of TiO2 nanoparticles present in cosmetics at the site of damaged skin."

Why are so many objects in space shaped like discs?

It's one of the most consistent patterns in the unviverse. What causes it?

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  • Spinning discs are everywhere – just look at our solar system, the rings of Saturn, and all the spiral galaxies in the universe.
  • Spinning discs are the result of two things: The force of gravity and a phenomenon in physics called the conservation of angular momentum.
  • Gravity brings matter together; the closer the matter gets, the more it accelerates – much like an ice skater who spins faster and faster the closer their arms get to their body. Then, this spinning cloud collapses due to up and down and diagonal collisions that cancel each other out until the only motion they have in common is the spin – and voila: A flat disc.