How do we address the rise in fundamentalism?
Dov Zakheim: You know, there have been these urges, these bursts of Islamic fundamentalism before. The great scholar . . . had to flee Morocco because at the time, the . . . I forget the ruling family then. You know, it was a surge of Islamic fundamentalism, and so a lot of the Jews who lived in Spain and in Morocco had to clear out. It was in the 12th century. You get this. You get these bursts. The real question is, “What does Islam do about itself?” Outsiders can’t . . . The interesting thing about Judaism and Christianity is we’ve both had reformations of one sort or another. And clearly if there hadn’t been Martin Luther, I doubt that Catholic Church would be where it is today. And even as an orthodox Jew, I would say if it hadn’t been for reformed Judaism, I don’t think we would be where we are today. That hasn’t happened in Islam. I mean Shiaism is not a reform of Sunnism or vice versa. So you don’t have that. You have some moderate Islam approaches, the . . . imam and so on; but that’s different. That’s geographically centered. It’s not a fundamental questioning of, “Hey, maybe we need to look at the world differently.” Because that will affect Islam. They’ve gotta do it themselves. And the biggest challenge for them is to get it done, and the biggest challenge for us is to hold out until they get it done.
Zakheim discusses Islamic fundamentalism in the context of the Jewish and Christian reformations.
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- Bezmenov described this process as "a great brainwashing" which has four basic stages.
- The first stage is called "demoralization" which takes from 15 to 20 years to achieve.
When these companies compete, in the current system, the people lose.
- When this phenomenon happens in the pharmaceutical world, companies quickly apply for broad protection of their patents, which can last up to 20 years, and fence off research areas for others. The result of this? They stay at the top of the ladder, at the cost of everyday people benefitting from increased competition.
- Since companies have worked out how to legally game the system, Amin argues we need to get rid of this "one size fits all" system, which treats product innovation the same as product invention. Companies should still receive an incentive for coming up with new products, he says, but not 20 years if the product is the result of "tweaking" an existing one.
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