How Can People Help?

Seth Berkley:  When we come into a new community, the question is who can help us do this research. We’re trying to do both clinical trials but we’re also trying to work in countries that have research capabilities as well. We just launched a program in India for example with medicinal chemists. Who are medicinal chemists? They’re the chemists who worked in these large generic manufacturers who used to try to figure out how to make drugs off patent cheaply. There are a lot of them in India. They’re fabulous scientists. We got a group of them together and said could you help us try to solve some of these problems on HIV and put a lot of people power into trying to solve it in a way that we might not be able to afford to do it in another place. On the trial side going into a community and getting a group engaged, developing the trust, having them understand that we’re there to work with them, that if we succeed with the vaccine, that it will be made available to the communities, that this will have effects for them and for the whole world, and again, making sure that it is not seen as an exploitive phenomena. It’s absolutely critical in trying to build those relationships.

Go into a community and get a group engaged.

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Former U.S. President Barack Obama speaks during a Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee rally at the Anaheim Convention Center on September 8, 2018 in Anaheim, California. (Photo by Barbara Davidson/Getty Images)
Personal Growth

The ability to communicate effectively can make or break a person's assessment of your intelligence, competence, and authenticity.

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Antimicrobial resistance is a growing threat to good health and well-being

Antimicrobial resistance is growing worldwide, rendering many "work horse" medicines ineffective. Without intervention, drug-resistant pathogens could lead to millions of deaths by 2050. Thankfully, companies like Pfizer are taking action.

Image courtesy of Pfizer.
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  • Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens are one of the largest threats to global health today.
  • As we get older, our immune systems age, increasing our risk of life threatening infections. Without reliable antibiotics, life expectancy could decline for the first time in modern history.
  • If antibiotics become ineffective, common infections could result in hospitalization or even death. Life-saving interventions like cancer treatments and organ transplantation would become more difficult, more often resulting in death. Routine procedures would become hard to perform.
  • Without intervention, resistant pathogens could result in 10 million annual deaths by 2050.
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Preserving truth: How to confront and correct fake news

Journalism got a big wake up call in 2016. Can we be optimistic about the future of media?

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  • "[T]o have a democracy that thrives and actually that manages to stay alive at all, you need regular citizens being able to get good, solid information," says Craig Newmark.
  • The only constructive way to deal with fake news? Support trustworthy media. In 2018, Newmark was announced as a major donor of two new media organizations, The City, which will report on New York City-area stories which may have otherwise gone unreported, and The Markup, which will report on technology.
  • Greater transparency of fact-checking within media organizations could help confront and correct fake news. Organizations already exist to make media more trustworthy — are we using them? There's The Trust Project, International Fact-Checkers Network, and Tech & Check.
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