Gaston Caperton on How to Set Education Standards
Question: How does the College Board set academic standards in high schools?
Caperton: We, over the last few years, established a set of standards for what we call college success, and the way we develop those standards is we took the AAU, which are, as you know, a research of colleges and universities. We took those standards that they spent 4 years developing and use those as… and those were standards set for what does a kid need to know or student need to know to go to college and succeed, and we took those from the 12th grade and took them down to the 6th grade in Math and English, in which we said if this is what you need to know at the end, what do you need to know after the 6th grade, 7th, and took it all the way up. And we’ve built, not only have we built the standards but we also have the programs, the curriculum that allows kids to take what would prepare them for those year to year standards, and we call that program SpringBoard, and that program we’ve spent the last three or four years developing, and it also feeds very much into the AP program, which, as you know, is a college level course taught in high school. We have 37 of those courses. They are recognized by colleges and universities across the country, and you are given credit for taking those high school courses based upon their grade in 1 to 5, and if you have a 3, 4, 5, you get a credit in college. So, we’ve really developed those standards, looking at what the AAU standards were and what we believe a student needs to know to be successful to go to college. I think standards is really a belief in people, believe that all of us have a lot much more capacity and capability than we know, and it takes a good teacher to bring that out. I think it takes a good leader to bring that out.
Gaston Caperton explains how the College Board determines what a student will need to succeed in college.
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Research by neuroscientists at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory helps explain how the brain regulates arousal.
The big day has come: You are taking your road test to get your driver's license. As you start your mom's car with a stern-faced evaluator in the passenger seat, you know you'll need to be alert but not so excited that you make mistakes. Even if you are simultaneously sleep-deprived and full of nervous energy, you need your brain to moderate your level of arousal so that you do your best.
A disturbing interview given by a KGB defector in 1984 describes America of today and outlines four stages of mass brainwashing used by the KGB.
- Bezmenov described this process as "a great brainwashing" which has four basic stages.
- The first stage is called "demoralization" which takes from 15 to 20 years to achieve.
- According to the former KGB agent, that is the minimum number of years it takes to re-educate one generation of students that is normally exposed to the ideology of its country.
When these companies compete, in the current system, the people lose.
- When a company reaches the top of the ladder, they typically kick it away so that others cannot climb up on it. The aim? So that another company can't compete.
- When this phenomenon happens in the pharmaceutical world, companies quickly apply for broad protection of their patents, which can last up to 20 years, and fence off research areas for others. The result of this? They stay at the top of the ladder, at the cost of everyday people benefitting from increased competition.
- Since companies have worked out how to legally game the system, Amin argues we need to get rid of this "one size fits all" system, which treats product innovation the same as product invention. Companies should still receive an incentive for coming up with new products, he says, but not 20 years if the product is the result of "tweaking" an existing one.
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