from the world's big
Feeling the Adrenaline of Wall Street
Mailer was a founding member of Back House Productions, a theater production company in New York. His play "Crazy Eyes" had its World Premiere in Athens, Greece, in March 2005. From 2003 to 2004 he served as the Executive Editor of High Times magazine. He has lectured at the University of Notre Dame, Wesleyan, and the University of Athens.
Question: How did you\r\nstudy for your role in “Wall Street 2”?\r\n\r\n
John Buffalo Mailer: \r\n It was a fairly extensive rehearsal\r\nprocess. I took trips out to Long\r\nIsland, kind of just got the feel of the town that we had set my \r\ncharacter\r\ncoming from, voice lessons, learning the floor, learning the actual \r\ntrade of\r\nWall Street traders. It was kind\r\nof an incredible process. So Shia\r\n[LeBouf] and myself and several other people, we just spent as many \r\nhours as we\r\ncould shadowing different traders on the floor kind of finding where it \r\nstands\r\ntoday, how it’s different from the first Wall Street, how it’s the same. It was an amazing ride. I’ll \r\ntell you that.\r\n\r\n
Question: How has Wall\r\nStreet culture changed since the original film came out?\r\n\r\n
John Buffalo Mailer: \r\n Well the numbers are bigger for one\r\nthing. It’s much more global. It’s\r\n less centric to whatever area\r\nyou’re in. You know, some floors\r\nyou go in and when the bell rings it’s silent and all you see are the \r\ncomputer\r\nscreens starting to light up as people do different trades. It used to be kind of like a big bang\r\nwould start off the day. A company\r\nthat was I think the one I learned the most from, just in terms of my \r\nown character\r\nand the kind of firm he worked in, was John Thomas Financial. And there \r\nit’s\r\nlike, you know, warriors in an arena getting ready for battle. Thomas Belesis just fires these guys up\r\nlike there is no tomorrow, and I absolutely got addicted to that \r\noptimism and\r\nadrenaline and that “We’re going to do it, we’re going to do it, buddy” \r\nkind of\r\nattitude that he had, so you know it runs the full spectrum. His firm is much more like what it used\r\nto be in terms of warriors on a mission. \r\nI think now it’s a lot more relaxed. You \r\nsee a lot of sneakers and jeans at places depending on\r\nwhich firm you’re talking to.\r\n\r\n
Question: What surprised\r\nyou about Wall Street culture?\r\n\r\n
John Buffalo Mailer: \r\n I had a lot of preconceived notions\r\ngoing in. It wasn’t an industry\r\nthat I really respected much. My\r\nfeeling was kind of like look, you’re not making anything. \r\n You’re taking money from one place,\r\nputting it in another and taking your cut and that’s just not really \r\nkind of\r\nsoul-satisfying at the end of the day, but what I learned is, on a \r\nlarger scale\r\nis how much the Wall Street industry funnels and fuels so many others \r\nand we\r\nwould not have a lot of medical research without it. We\r\n would not have, you know, educational programs without\r\nit. There is a lot of good that these\r\nguys do, and to lump all traders into a category is as insane as lumping\r\n any\r\ngroup of people into one category. \r\nYou’re going to find the good people and bad all around. I had a lot of fun with those\r\nguys. The laughter is unlike most\r\nsettings you’ll find. The level of\r\nintensity, the adrenaline, the stakes are incredible. I\r\n mean it is addictive. I can understand why \r\npeople end up spending 23 or 24 hours a\r\nday hitting it.\r\n\r\n
Question: Is Wall Street\r\nfundamentally at odds with Main Street?\r\n\r\n
John Buffalo Mailer: \r\n No, not at all. Not at all. \r\n I mean I think one of the larger problems going on right now\r\nis, debate has replaced discussion. \r\nAs I say you can’t lump Wall Street into one category. That doesn’t mean anything. Every\r\n firm has a different attitude and\r\ndoes different things and puts their cherries in certain places and \r\ntheir money\r\nin others. Some are vicious,\r\nnasty, I will cut you down at all costs to make a buck, some have a much\r\n higher\r\nmoral standard. My hope is that\r\nthe film will actually serve as a way for us to bridge that gap between \r\nWall\r\nStreet and Main Street. Certainly\r\nthat’s dealt with in the film of how it does affect everybody, so, you \r\nknow, I\r\nalways find that when you can create a movie or a play or a book that \r\ngives\r\nsomebody a safe theoretical place to discuss what is really going on in \r\nthe day\r\nit tends to forward discussion, so that would be my hope coming out of \r\nthe\r\nfilm.
Recorded March 30, 2010
Interviewed by Austin Allen
Preparing for his role in "Wall Street 2," the actor discovered just how addictive Wall Street culture is—and why it’s not as soulless as many believe.
Chronic irregular sleep in children was associated with psychotic experiences in adolescence, according to a recent study out of the University of Birmingham's School of Psychology.
A time for sleep<div class="rm-shortcode" data-media_id="Mt29uUqI" data-player_id="FvQKszTI" data-rm-shortcode-id="931343dee3c02121445e51e94ba22446"> <div id="botr_Mt29uUqI_FvQKszTI_div" class="jwplayer-media" data-jwplayer-video-src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/Mt29uUqI-FvQKszTI.js"> <img src="https://cdn.jwplayer.com/thumbs/Mt29uUqI-1920.jpg" class="jwplayer-media-preview" /> </div> <script src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/Mt29uUqI-FvQKszTI.js"></script> </div> <p>Previous studies had already suggested a link between persistent nightmares in childhood and psychosis and borderline personality disorder (BPD) by adolescence, but researchers at the University of Birmingham's School of Psychology wanted to see if a similar connection existed between these mental disorders and other childhood behavioral sleep problems.</p><p>To do this, they scoured data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a longitudinal cohort study that followed approximately 14,000 children born in Avon, England, in the early 1990s. The study followed the children for more than 13 years. During that time, mothers filled out questionnaires asking about the children's lives. Factors looked at included housing, parenting, nutrition, physical health, mental wellbeing, environmental exposures, and so on. </p><p>The cohort study inquired about sleep routines, sleep duration, and awakening frequency when the children were 6, 18, and 30 months old, and then again at 3.5, 4.8, and 5.8 years. It also assessed mental health in adolescence using semi-structured interviews, such as the Psychosis-Like Symptom Interview.</p><p>"We know that adolescence is a key developmental period to study the onset of many mental disorders, including psychosis or BPD. This is because of particular brain and hormonal changes which occur at this stage," <a href="https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/staff/profiles/psychology/marwaha-steven.aspx" target="_blank">Steven Marwaha</a>, professor of psychiatry at Birmingham and senior author on the study, <a href="https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/07/200701125431.htm" target="_blank">said in a release</a>. "Sleep may be one of the most important underlying factors—and it's one that we can influence with effective, early interventions, so it's important that we understand these links."</p><p>After compiling the data, the researchers discovered an association between children with irregular sleeping patterns and teenagers with <a href="https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/psychosis/about-psychosis/" target="_blank">psychotic experiences</a>—that is, episodes when the person perceives reality differently than those around them. Even when depression at 10 years old was considered as a mediating factor, their findings still suggested "a specific pathway between these childhood sleep problems and adolescent psychotic experiences." </p><p>Toddlers with shorter nighttime sleep duration and late bedtimes were likewise associated with a <a href="https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/borderline-personality-disorder/index.shtml" target="_blank">borderline personality disorder</a>—a disorder marked by a pattern of varying moods, self-images, and behaviors—in their teenage years. Depression at age 10 did not mediate this particular association, suggesting a separate and more specific pathway. </p>
A more restful tomorrow<p>While the sample size was large and mental health was assessed with a validated interview, there nevertheless remain limitations to this data. For starters, sleep habits were based on mothers' reports. Because they came from memory, versus a more direct observation method such as actigraphy, these data may be prone to imperfect recollection and reporting error. There are also many confounders that could be secretly nudging the results, such as family conditions, prenatal medicines, and a host of environmental factors. Finally, <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6024884/#:~:text=Sleep%20difficulties%20in%20youth%20with,fear%20of%20dark%20%5B13%5D." target="_blank">the relationship between sleep problems and mental disorders</a> is both complex and two-way.</p><p>As such, the study shows an association between poor childhood sleep later mental disorders but does not prove a causal link. Parents need not worry that a string of nightmares or the eternal struggle settle into bed will be the first ingredients in a witches' brew of debilitating mental disorders. The goal of the study, the researchers point out, is not to create undue worry but improve our ability to recognize the signs of at-risk children and deliver necessary interventions earlier.</p><p>"The results of this study could have important implications for helping practitioners identify children who might be at higher risk for psychotic experiences or BPD symptoms in adolescence, and potentially lead to the design of more effectively targeted sleep or psychological interventions to prevent the onset or attenuate these mental disorders," Isabel Morales-Muñoz, the study's lead researcher, <a href="https://www.healio.com/news/psychiatry/20200702/childhood-sleep-problems-linked-to-adolescent-psychosis-borderline-personality-disorder#:~:text=Sleep%20problems%20during%20early%20childhood,study%20published%20in%20JAMA%20Psychiatry." target="_blank">told Healio Psychiatry</a><u>.</u></p><p>If a parent reading this is worried that their child's sleep patterns are deleterious, the take away should not be despair over an unyielding fate. It should be to seek professional help as soon as possible to begin improving sleep duration and quality. Even if you aren't worried, it's worth remembering that childhood experiences lay the foundation for a lifetime of salubrious sleeping habits. It's so much more than beauty rest.</p>
Are we genetically inclined for superstition or just fearful of the truth?
- From secret societies to faked moon landings, one thing that humanity seems to have an endless supply of is conspiracy theories. In this compilation, physicist Michio Kaku, science communicator Bill Nye, psychologist Sarah Rose Cavanagh, skeptic Michael Shermer, and actor and playwright John Cameron Mitchell consider the nature of truth and why some groups believe the things they do.
- "I think there's a gene for superstition, a gene for hearsay, a gene for magic, a gene for magical thinking," argues Kaku. The theoretical physicist says that science goes against "natural thinking," and that the superstition gene persists because, one out of ten times, it actually worked and saved us.
- Other theories shared include the idea of cognitive dissonance, the dangerous power of fear to inhibit critical thinking, and Hollywood's romanticization of conspiracies. Because conspiracy theories are so diverse and multifaceted, combating them has not been an easy task for science.
Construction of the $500 billion dollar tech city-state of the future is moving ahead.
- The futuristic megacity Neom is being built in Saudi Arabia.
- The city will be fully automated, leading in health, education and quality of life.
- It will feature an artificial moon, cloud seeding, robotic gladiators and flying taxis.
The Red Sea area where Neom will be built:
Saudi Arabia Plans Futuristic City, "Neom" (Full Promotional Video)<span style="display:block;position:relative;padding-top:56.25%;" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="c646d528d230c1bf66c75422bc4ccf6f"><iframe type="lazy-iframe" data-runner-src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/N53DzL3_BHA?rel=0" width="100%" height="auto" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;"></iframe></span>
A growing body of research suggests COVID-19 can cause serious neurological problems.
- The new study seeks to track the health of 50,000 people who have tested positive for COVID-19.
- The study aims to explore whether the disease causes cognitive impairment and other conditions.
- Recent research suggests that COVID-19 can, directly or indirectly, cause brain dysfunction, strokes, nerve damage and other neurological problems.
Brain images of a patient with acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis.
COVID-19 and the brain<p>A growing body of research reveals alarming neurological complications among COVID-19 patients. On Wednesday, for example, researchers from University College London published a <a href="https://academic.oup.com/brain/article/doi/10.1093/brain/awaa240/5868408" target="_blank">study</a> in the journal Brain that describes how some patients have suffered temporary brain dysfunction, strokes, nerve damage, and other neurological problems concurrent with COVID-19.</p><p>Some patients suffered brain inflammation as a result of a rare disease called acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, which can cause numbness, seizures, and confusion. One patient in the study even hallucinated monkeys and lions in her home.</p>
Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images<p>A separate study published in the <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7198407/" target="_blank">Journal of Clinical Neuroscience</a> notes that some COVID-19 patients have also suffered neurological complications like impaired consciousness and acute cerebrovascular disease. The study notes that past viruses like MERS and SARS also seemed to cause neurological problems.</p><p>A troubling finding among this growing body of research is that some patients seem to suffer neurological damage even when respiratory symptoms aren't obvious. Additionally, scientists aren't sure whether damage from the disease will be permanent.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Given that the disease has only been around for a matter of months, we might not yet know what long-term damage COVID-19 can cause," Dr. Ross Paterson, joint first author of the University College London study, said in a <a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-07/ucl-iid070620.php" target="_blank">press release</a>. "Doctors needs to be aware of possible neurological effects, as early diagnosis can improve patient outcomes."</p><p>If you've been diagnosed with COVID-19 and want to enroll in the study, visit <a href="https://www.cambridgebrainsciences.com/studies/covid-brain-study" target="_blank">cambridgebrainsciences.com/studies/covid-brain-study</a>.</p>