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Dr. Gary Wadler on the Floyd Landis Case

Question: Have you gotten any cases wrong?

Gary Wadler: The one case that everybody has tended to speculate about, and people have watched the process in operation, has been the Floyd Landers case, the cyclist, where the two different approaches for detecting testosterone abuse suggested that an abuse occurred. These two tests are totally different approaches. Both came up with the same result. He’s challenged that. And actually the challenges work up the chain of command, if you will, and went to the United States Anti-Doping Agency and the tribunal that looked at that particular case of experts concluded that there was a doping violation. And I believe he’s taking this to the Court of Arbitration for Sport which is the last stop. But it was an interesting experience because people watched how complicated this all is. And that’s probably the bottom line of what I want to say here is how complicated and sophisticated this all is. This is not just taking a pill. The science is very demanding; the adjudication process is very demanding. There’s a lot at stake here. And the only way it seems to me this was able to be dealt with is to institutionalize the whole process and that’s really how WADA was born. Whether it’s the laboratories, the collection of specimens, the handing out of sanctions, developing the list, the concept of therapeutic use exemptions, which we should talk about, there are so many different elements to this that sound bite critiques of doping really don’t do justice to the evolution of the anti-doping movement over the last eight or nine years.

Recorded on: 04/25/2008

Landis challenged his case. What did that reveal about the testing process?

The “new normal” paradox: What COVID-19 has revealed about higher education

Higher education faces challenges that are unlike any other industry. What path will ASU, and universities like ASU, take in a post-COVID world?

Photo: Luis Robayo/AFP via Getty Images
Sponsored by Charles Koch Foundation
  • Everywhere you turn, the idea that coronavirus has brought on a "new normal" is present and true. But for higher education, COVID-19 exposes a long list of pernicious old problems more than it presents new problems.
  • It was widely known, yet ignored, that digital instruction must be embraced. When combined with traditional, in-person teaching, it can enhance student learning outcomes at scale.
  • COVID-19 has forced institutions to understand that far too many higher education outcomes are determined by a student's family income, and in the context of COVID-19 this means that lower-income students, first-generation students and students of color will be disproportionately afflicted.
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Live on Tuesday | Personal finance in the COVID-19 era

Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.

How DNA revealed the woolly mammoth's fate – and what it teaches us today

Scientists uncovered the secrets of what drove some of the world's last remaining woolly mammoths to extinction.

Ethan Miller/Getty Images
Surprising Science

Every summer, children on the Alaskan island of St Paul cool down in Lake Hill, a crater lake in an extinct volcano – unaware of the mysteries that lie beneath.

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Dinosaur bone? Meteorite? These men's wedding bands are a real break from boredom.

Manly Bands wanted to improve on mens' wedding bands. Mission accomplished.

Sex & Relationships
  • Manly Bands was founded in 2016 to provide better options and customer service in men's wedding bands.
  • Unique materials include antler, dinosaur bones, meteorite, tungsten, and whiskey barrels.
  • The company donates a portion of profits to charity every month.
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Conspicuous consumption is over. It’s all about intangibles now

These new status behaviours are what one expert calls 'inconspicuous consumption'.

Vittorio Zunino Celotto/Getty Images for Tiffany
Politics & Current Affairs
In 1899, the economist Thorstein Veblen observed that silver spoons and corsets were markers of elite social position.
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