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Does the Israeli-Palestinian conflict the flames of jihadism?
Paul Cruickshank is a Fellow at the Center on Law and Security at New York University's School of Law. He previously worked as an investigative journalist in London, reporting on al Qaeda and its European affiliates and was part of the CNN reporting team that covered the London July 7, 2005 attacks. He collaborated closely with Peter Bergen in interviewing acquaintances of Osama bin Laden for Bergen's 2006 oral history "The Osama bin Laden I Know" and worked with CNN on a two-hour Emmy-nominated documentary "In the footsteps of bin Laden." Cruickshank has written about al Qaeda and Islamist groups for a number of publications including The New York Times, The Washington Post, The New Republic and Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. He has provided on-air analysis to CNN, BBC, NBC, CBS, BBC, Fox News and Al Jazeera on national security issues. Cruickshank graduated from Cambridge University with a degree in history, and has a Masters degree with Honors in International Relations from the Paul. H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at the Johns Hopkins University. He has also worked in the European Parliament in Brussels and at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington D.C.
Paul Cruickshank: The Israeli-Palestinian issue is very, very important when discussing the war on terrorism. It’s a key part of it. Now 9/11 happened and was planned at a time when you were having the Oslo Peace Process. You were having a real dynamic towards peace over there, and people often site that fact to say that Al Qaeda and terrorism have nothing to do with whatever happens in Israel and Palestine. But I don’t think that argument is a very well made one. It’s a very simplistic type of argument. Of course Israel and Palestine plays into the Al Qaeda equation, because it’s used by Al Qaeda again and again in the statements of bin Laden and …as . . . as one of the reasons for why, again, a war against the United States. As they’re claiming the United States is at league with Israel and the Jewish crusader plot to oppress and subjugate Muslims around the world. That’s the way they view this struggle. And they see whatever is going on in Palestine and whatever is going on in Israel as key to this. In recent statements, bin Laden has made a huge amount . . . Sorry. In recent statements bin Laden has made a very great . . . In recent statements bin Laden has really focused in on the Israeli-Palestinian issue. He said that that is . . . the aim of Al Qaeda is to gain control of part of Iraq and use that to then launch an attack to wipe out Israel. They disagree with Hamaas, which they feel is toying with the idea of some sort of agreement with the Israelis. They disagree with that entirely. They are absolutely unprepared to see any part of Israel exist. They wanna take Israel totally out of the equation. And they’re hammering this message home and trying to position themselves as the hawks on the Israeli-Palestinian issue, and trying to gain recruits by doing that; gaining recruits when people are angry about what’s going on in that country. So this is a very important issue for them moving forward.
Question: Is Israel-Palestine al-Qaeda’s informing motive?
Paul Cruickshank: I think it’s very central to their informing motive. Bin Laden has a lot of enemies. You know Al Qaeda had a lot of enemies. They had a lot of goals, but one of their key goals is the removal of Israel from the Middle East. Another one of their goals is the removal of all American influence from the Middle East; but Israel is seen as part of that American influence within the region. So for Al Qaeda, Israel is front and center here. I think there’s . . . I think some experts from time to time have said, well Israel and Palestine is not so important to Al Qaeda as an issue. I think that’s sort of wrong to say that. It’s a very important part of their motivation. It’s an important part of their rallying cry for recruits around the world. Certainly Al Qaeda has very little presence in the Palestinian territories. Hamaas, Islamic jihad, other groups very much dominate the scene now and not allowed Al Qaeda to have any real presence over there. And Hamaas, remember, has a very, very different ideology to Al Qaeda; a very different ideology. They come very much from the Muslim Brotherhood scene. The Muslim Brotherhood are mortal enemies of Al Qaeda, and Al Qaeda are mortal enemies of the Muslim Brotherhood because the Muslim Brotherhood is a political organization. They’re much more moderate, and it has really not very much time for the sort of really violent rhetoric that Al Qaeda indulges in. Obviously the Muslim Brotherhood views the conflict . . . the standoff in Israel and Palestine as a different matter; one where violence is justified against what they see as a foreign occupation. But the Muslim Brotherhood and Al Qaeda are very, very different. Hamaas and Al Qaeda have very, very different conclusions about attacking civilians around the world; attacking Americans. So Al Qaeda hasn’t really been able to ___________ itself into the Palestinian conflict. But it’s definitely used that conflict as a recruiting tool.
Recorded on: Jan 14 2008
More radical than Hamaas, bin Laden uses the conflict to the advantage of al-Qaeda.
Duke University researchers might have solved a half-century old problem.
- The blend of three polymers provides enough flexibility and durability to mimic the knee.
- The next step is to test this hydrogel in sheep; human use can take at least three years.
Photo: Feichen Yang.<p>That's the word from a team in the Department of Chemistry and Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science at Duke University. Their <a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adfm.202003451" target="_blank">new paper</a>, published in the journal,<em> Advanced Functional Materials</em>, details this exciting evolution of this frustrating joint.<br></p><p>Researchers have sought materials strong and versatile enough to repair a knee since at least the seventies. This new hydrogel, comprised of three polymers, might be it. When two of the polymers are stretched, a third keeps the entire structure intact. When pulled 100,000 times, the cartilage held up as well as materials used in bone implants. The team also rubbed the hydrogel against natural cartilage a million times and found it to be as wear-resistant as the real thing. </p><p>The hydrogel has the appearance of Jell-O and is comprised of 60 percent water. Co-author, Feichen Yang, <a href="https://today.duke.edu/2020/06/lab-first-cartilage-mimicking-gel-strong-enough-knees" target="_blank">says</a> this network of polymers is particularly durable: "Only this combination of all three components is both flexible and stiff and therefore strong." </p><p> As with any new material, a lot of testing must be conducted. They don't foresee this hydrogel being implanted into human bodies for at least three years. The next step is to test it out in sheep. </p><p>Still, this is an exciting step forward in the rehabilitation of one of our trickiest joints. Given the potential reward, the wait is worth it. </p><p><span></span>--</p><p><em>Stay in touch with Derek on <a href="http://www.twitter.com/derekberes" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, <a href="https://www.facebook.com/DerekBeresdotcom" target="_blank">Facebook</a> and <a href="https://derekberes.substack.com/" target="_blank">Substack</a>. His next book is</em> "<em>Hero's Dose: The Case For Psychedelics in Ritual and Therapy."</em></p>
What would it be like to experience the 4th dimension?
- 10-15% of people visiting emergency rooms eventually develop symptoms of long-lasting PTSD.
- Early treatment is available but there's been no way to tell who needs it.
- Using clinical data already being collected, machine learning can identify who's at risk.
70 data points and machine learning
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Image source: Külli Kittus/Unsplash