Decision-Making: Not Just for Humans
Sheena Iyengar: \r\n What we share with animals is a desire for choice. It’s a desire to \r\nhave control over our life and a desire to live and use choice as a way \r\nin which we can facilitate our ability to live and that is something we \r\nreally were born with. You know, whether it be humans or animals. So \r\neven humans–before we can speak or we can understand a baby’s \r\ncognition–they’re already showing us signs that they want choice. You \r\nknow, you take a little infant and you turn on the music mobile on their\r\n crib and you find that if you give them a music mobile which turns on \r\nautomatically versus a music mobile in which–if by chance their little \r\nlegs or their little hands accidentally touches it–turns on they’re so \r\nmuch more excited if by chance it turns on because they touched it, so \r\nthat desire for control over their environment is… really appears from \r\nvery early on and if you look at children’s first words, “no, yes.” My \r\nchild’s first word was "more," but and it’s all about, “I want.” “I’m \r\ngoing to tell you what I want and what I don’t want.” It’s about my \r\ndesire to express my preferences. And that is really innate. Now to \r\nwhat…? How we teach people to make choices and the things they’re going\r\n to make choices over–that is culturally learned.
Animals, like humans, want to exert control over their lives with choices. Humans show this desire from a young age.
How a cataclysm worse than what killed the dinosaurs destroyed 90 percent of all life on Earth.
While the demise of the dinosaurs gets more attention as far as mass extinctions go, an even more disastrous event called "the Great Dying” or the “End-Permian Extinction” happened on Earth prior to that. Now scientists discovered how this cataclysm, which took place about 250 million years ago, managed to kill off more than 90 percent of all life on the planet.
A new study discovers the “liking gap” — the difference between how we view others we’re meeting for the first time, and the way we think they’re seeing us.
We tend to be defensive socially. When we meet new people, we’re often concerned with how we’re coming off. Our anxiety causes us to be so concerned with the impression we’re creating that we fail to notice that the same is true of the other person as well. A new study led by Erica J. Boothby, published on September 5 in Psychological Science, reveals how people tend to like us more in first encounters than we’d ever suspect.
Using advanced laser technology, scientists at NASA will track global changes in ice with greater accuracy.
Leaving from Vandenberg Air Force base in California this coming Saturday, at 8:46 a.m. ET, the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 — or, the "ICESat-2" — is perched atop a United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket, and when it assumes its orbit, it will study ice layers at Earth's poles, using its only payload, the Advance Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS).
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