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Carol Gilligan on ‘Kyra’
In 2002, Carol Gilligan became University Professor at New York University, with affiliations in the School of Law, the Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. She is currently teaching a seminar at the Law School on Resisting Injustice and an advanced research seminar on The Listening Guide Method of Psychological Inquiry. She is a visiting professor at the University of Cambridge affiliated with the Centre for Gender Studies and with Jesus College.
She received an A.B. in English literature from Swarthmore College, a masters degree in clinical psychology from Radcliffe College and a Ph.D. in social psychology from Harvard University. Her landmark book In A Different Voice (1982) is described by Harvard University Press as "the little book that started a revolution." Following In A Different Voice, she initiated the Harvard Project on Women's Psychology and Girls' Development and co-authored or edited 5 books with her students.
She received a Senior Research Scholar award from the Spencer Foundation, a Grawemeyer Award for her contributions to education, a Heinz Award for her contributions to understanding the human condition and was named by Time Magazine as one of the 25 most influential Americans.
She was a member of the Harvard faculty for over 30 years and in 1997 became Harvard's first professor of Gender Studies, occupying the Patricia Albjerg Graham chair.
Question: What inspired you to write Kyra?
Carol Gilligan: I was reading the New York Times book review one Sunday and there was a review of a new translation of the need virtual epic about a man whose mission is to found Rome, he leaves troy which is a disaster, this whole city is destroyed and then he found Rome, which is going to be an empire and destroy a lot more cities. So, that is an interesting like why would you leave troy and found Rome and it is always an interesting question. In the middle he goes to cartage and he falls in love with a woman who is a queen and who is building a new city and there is this idea of Oh! A different city that is not involved in war and destruction and empire that is involved in the arts and commerce and a man and woman would rule as equals, but no, no, no he has to leave her to fulfills hostage, that’s the old, old, old ethic from so long ago it should be out of date, but it’s of course. Anyway, I was reading this book review which was praising this new translation by Fits Jolder [phonetic] who is an exquisite and it’s zeroed in on the place where and he goes to the under world to look for his father and he meets Dida, who he startled to see, to realize that after he abruptly left her to fulfill his mission, she had killed herself and he says to her I couldn’t believe I would hurt you so terribly by going and I do not understand it was Sunday morning and I thought, how could a sensitive, intelligent man not no the effects of his action on someone who he really loved. He was deeply in love with, and then I thought how crazy for a women in that situation where you feel somebody is deeply connected with you and loves you and act as if there was no connection and I thought virtual was however many 100 years ago, I thought, but this is very in temper this story goes on and on. So, out of that came the characters Kyra and Andreas, she is in architect building sitting, he is carrying the household Gods, he is carrying from Europe of the 20th century and he is directing operas, he is a musician and theater director. So they need and they each had huge loses that are part of that history of, that is still going on. If people whose life’s have been shattered by political conflict in war, it goes on all the time. So, they are not planning to fall in love and the two of them fall in love with each other, because you can just see these two are going to be obviously attracted to each other. So, that how the novel starts and then, because I am writing about a contemporary woman, I mean she doesn’t commit suicide like virtual died out, but what happens when he leaves her is she does feel what has happen to her since behalf, so she goes in to, she is a modern woman, she goes in therapy, who holds second part of the novel and new characters Greta the therapist comes in, Andrea her friend who is an architect, anyway. I was not funny to write a novel and out of that came this novel Kyra which was amazing to write, because it took me in to just incredible worlds including the world of architecture.
Carol Gilligan says the inspiration for her novel goes back to one Sunday with the New York Times Book Review.
Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.
Health officials in China reported that a man was infected with bubonic plague, the infectious disease that caused the Black Death.
- The case was reported in the city of Bayannur, which has issued a level-three plague prevention warning.
- Modern antibiotics can effectively treat bubonic plague, which spreads mainly by fleas.
- Chinese health officials are also monitoring a newly discovered type of swine flu that has the potential to develop into a pandemic virus.
Bacteria under microscope
needpix.com<p>Today, bubonic plague can be treated effectively with antibiotics.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Unlike in the 14th century, we now have an understanding of how this disease is transmitted," Dr. Shanthi Kappagoda, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Health Care, told <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">Healthline</a>. "We know how to prevent it — avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where there is transmission. We are also able to treat patients who are infected with effective antibiotics, and can give antibiotics to people who may have been exposed to the bacteria [and] prevent them [from] getting sick."</p>
This plague patient is displaying a swollen, ruptured inguinal lymph node, or buboe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention<p>Still, hundreds of people develop bubonic plague every year. In the U.S., a handful of cases occur annually, particularly in New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado, <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/plague/faq/index.html" target="_blank">where habitats allow the bacteria to spread more easily among wild rodent populations</a>. But these cases are very rare, mainly because you need to be in close contact with rodents in order to get infected. And though plague can spread from human to human, this <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">only occurs with pneumonic plague</a>, and transmission is also rare.</p>
A new swine flu in China<p>Last week, researchers in China also reported another public health concern: a new virus that has "all the essential hallmarks" of a pandemic virus.<br></p><p>In a paper published in the <a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/06/23/1921186117" target="_blank">Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</a>, researchers say the virus was discovered in pigs in China, and it descended from the H1N1 virus, commonly called "swine flu." That virus was able to transmit from human to human, and it killed an estimated 151,700 to 575,400 people worldwide from 2009 to 2010, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</p>There's no evidence showing that the new virus can spread from person to person. But the researchers did find that 10 percent of swine workers had been infected by the virus, called G4 reassortant EA H1N1. This level of infectivity raises concerns, because it "greatly enhances the opportunity for virus adaptation in humans and raises concerns for the possible generation of pandemic viruses," the researchers wrote.
The word "learning" opens up space for more people, places, and ideas.
- The terms 'education' and 'learning' are often used interchangeably, but there is a cultural connotation to the former that can be limiting. Education naturally links to schooling, which is only one form of learning.
- Gregg Behr, founder and co-chair of Remake Learning, believes that this small word shift opens up the possibilities in terms of how and where learning can happen. It also becomes a more inclusive practice, welcoming in a larger, more diverse group of thinkers.
- Post-COVID, the way we think about what learning looks like will inevitably change, so it's crucial to adjust and begin building the necessary support systems today.
Scientists uncovered the secrets of what drove some of the world's last remaining woolly mammoths to extinction.
Every summer, children on the Alaskan island of St Paul cool down in Lake Hill, a crater lake in an extinct volcano – unaware of the mysteries that lie beneath.
The coronavirus pandemic has brought out the perception of selfishness among many.
- Selfish behavior has been analyzed by philosophers and psychologists for centuries.
- New research shows people may be wired for altruistic behavior and get more benefits from it.
- Times of crisis tend to increase self-centered acts.