Carol Gilligan on Applying Her Work to Outside Cultures
In 2002, Carol Gilligan became University Professor at New York University, with affiliations in the School of Law, the Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. She is currently teaching a seminar at the Law School on Resisting Injustice and an advanced research seminar on The Listening Guide Method of Psychological Inquiry. She is a visiting professor at the University of Cambridge affiliated with the Centre for Gender Studies and with Jesus College.
She received an A.B. in English literature from Swarthmore College, a masters degree in clinical psychology from Radcliffe College and a Ph.D. in social psychology from Harvard University. Her landmark book In A Different Voice (1982) is described by Harvard University Press as "the little book that started a revolution." Following In A Different Voice, she initiated the Harvard Project on Women's Psychology and Girls' Development and co-authored or edited 5 books with her students.
She received a Senior Research Scholar award from the Spencer Foundation, a Grawemeyer Award for her contributions to education, a Heinz Award for her contributions to understanding the human condition and was named by Time Magazine as one of the 25 most influential Americans.
She was a member of the Harvard faculty for over 30 years and in 1997 became Harvard's first professor of Gender Studies, occupying the Patricia Albjerg Graham chair.
Carol Gilligan: What I have been told and it is interesting is that my representation of women carries fairly well cross cultures, but you are at least this is what Europeans here the - my description of men is particularly American and I don’t know if it’s American as in declaration of independent, the value of autonomy and the loan ranger that sense of this enormous space that was this country still in a lot of ways, to compare with Europe other countries and that sense of some how we can head out to the frontier and leave behind relationships set no cost, we know that’s not true and mean even wonderful women studies were work, like women on the west wood journeying how they parted with native Americans. So, you change every story, when you start to here all the voices in it, whether it is women or people color or whatever. All the other groups that were seen is not informing the understanding of what is the human condition, it was huge sift and I think we are still on the middle of it.
Gilligan’s work has much relevance in other cultural contexts.
People who score highly on the dark triad are vain, callous, and manipulative.
A new batch of papers reveals some of Mars' subterranean secrets.
- The spacecraft InSight detected tremors from deep underneath the rust-colored surface of Mars indicating, for the first time ever, that the planet is geologically active.
- The quakes could potentially give seismologists insights into the interior composition of the planet.
- The Insight lander also uncovered magnetized rocks "consistent with a past dynamo with Earth-like strength" under the surface of the landing sight.
It's the first time scientists have discovered an animal that doesn't perform aerobic respiration.
- The animal is a tiny parasite called Henneguya salminicola.
- The parasite infects salmon and lives within the fish muscle, though scientists aren't quite sure how it breaks down nutrients for survival.
- The findings are published in the journal PNAS.