Art Museum Trends on the Horizon
ARTnews Executive ditor Robin Cembalest is an award-winning investigative reporter who has published articles in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and El Pais, in addition to many other newspapers and magazines in the United States and Europe.
Question: What are the next big trends in art museums?
Robin Cembalest: Well, the way the museums are changing is that they’ve become large--museums are getting bigger and bigger all the time, part of this is… I mean, I think in a past museums… The primary mission remains the same, which is to conserve and show art. Now, however, there’s the idea that the museums is also a kind of, for lack of better word, an entertainment center. Some of the directors use that word more openly. Some of them don’t. Some of the use word branding more openly, some of them don’t, but all of them have to think about this branding and all of them have to think about their institutions not only as a place that people go to see art, but where people go to eat, where people go to shop, where people go to see music, hear music, see movies.
Topic: The corporate impact on museums.
Robin Cembalest: I mean, I would say the corporations historically have funded certain kinds of museums shows, and, with the reduction of government funding, museums did go to corporations more for funding of individual exhibitions. I think, however, the larger trend in museums which are these giant expansions by these big-name architects that become part of a whole mechanism of cultural tourism in cities is more question of governments, of local governments working with the museums which are often private institution in the case of the Guggenheim. So, I don’t know that the corporations, when I think of the larger museum expansions that are going on now, or, for example, in Abu Dhabi, I don’t know how much the corporation have to do with it. I see it’s more is that idea that the museum can bring people to a place, can generate a downtown that was previously neglected, that can really energize a city and this is what we’re seeing, that governments are seeing museums as mechanisms in this.
Question: Should governments be funding more museums?
Robin Cembalest: All right, so that the government funds that is happening outside United States to a large point. The museums that are really growing in the United States are private museums. All of these museums that are expanding from the “Walker Art Centre” to Minneapolis museum, Detroit all of these museums, even if there are un-city land in the city museums, most of the money is not coming from the government, they still have to raise it. Then you take a case like Bilbao, which really had no way to build its own museum, they could have possibly made a collection of modernized art. So, they go to Guggenheim as suppose widely reported at that time, more than 10 years ago to get the expertise, the collection and the brand. So, this now in Abu Dhabi for example where they have a number of museums, brand name museums by the number of brand named architects and they are hoping that the whole thing as a spectacle together is what’s going to generate this cultural tourism. All of the money from that is coming from the government.
Question: What museums are most exciting right now?
Robin Cembalest: I think there are all kinds of museums that are exciting to me right now. I think the MEIAC [phonetic] since I live in New York remains a super exciting museum, that is constantly doing fascinating shows that blow my mind even it themes ranging from archeology to French painting, I think there are smaller institutions that are very interesting like El Museo del Barrio, I think we are going to see very interesting museum for African Art when it reopen on Fifth Avenue. I am try to think inside New York, the Hispanic society has recently become revitalize since it has been collaborating with DIA they did very interesting show recently Francis Alÿs.
Cembalest discusses museum funding, branding, and which museums she loves.
Ready your Schrödinger's Cat Jokes.
- For a time, quantum computing was more theory than fact.
- That's starting to change.
- New quantum computer designs look like they might be scalable.
Quantum computing has existed in theory since the 1980's. It's slowly making its way into fact, the latest of which can be seen in a paper published in Nature called, "Deterministic teleportation of a quantum gate between two logical qubits."
To ensure that we're all familiar with a few basic terms: in electronics, a 'logic gate' is something that takes in one or more than one binary inputs and produces a single binary output. To put it in reductive terms: if you produce information that goes into a chip in your computer as a '0,' the logic gate is what sends it out the other side as a '1.'
A quantum gate means that the '1' in question here can — roughly speaking — go back through the gate and become a '0' once again. But that's not quite the whole of it.
A qubit is a single unit of quantum information. To continue with our simple analogy: you don't have to think about computers producing a string of information that is either a zero or a one. A quantum computer can do both, simultaneously. But that can only happen if you build a functional quantum gate.
That's why the results of the study from the folks at The Yale Quantum Institute saying that they were able to create a quantum gate with a "process fidelity" of 79% is so striking. It could very well spell the beginning of the pathway towards realistic quantum computing.
The team went about doing this through using a superconducting microwave cavity to create a data qubit — that is, they used a device that operates a bit like a organ pipe or a music box but for microwave frequencies. They paired that data qubit with a transmon — that is, a superconducting qubit that isn't as sensitive to quantum noise as it otherwise could be, which is a good thing, because noise can destroy information stored in a quantum state. The two are then connected through a process called a 'quantum bus.'
That process translates into a quantum property being able to be sent from one location to the other without any interaction between the two through something called a teleported CNOT gate, which is the 'official' name for a quantum gate. Single qubits made the leap from one side of the gate to the other with a high degree of accuracy.
Above: encoded qubits and 'CNOT Truth table,' i.e., the read-out.
The team then entangled these bits of information as a way of further proving that they were literally transporting the qubit from one place to somewhere else. They then analyzed the space between the quantum points to determine that something that doesn't follow the classical definition of physics occurred.
They conclude by noting that "... the teleported gate … uses relatively modest elements, all of which are part of the standard toolbox for quantum computation in general. Therefore ... progress to improve any of the elements will directly increase gate performance."
In other words: they did something simple and did it well. And that the only forward here is up. And down. At the same time.
These modern-day hermits can sometimes spend decades without ever leaving their apartments.
- A hikikomori is a type of person in Japan who locks themselves away in their bedrooms, sometimes for years.
- This is a relatively new phenomenon in Japan, likely due to rigid social customs and high expectations for academic and business success.
- Many believe hikikomori to be a result of how Japan interprets and handles mental health issues.
How a cataclysm worse than what killed the dinosaurs destroyed 90 percent of all life on Earth.
While the demise of the dinosaurs gets more attention as far as mass extinctions go, an even more disastrous event called "the Great Dying” or the “End-Permian Extinction” happened on Earth prior to that. Now scientists discovered how this cataclysm, which took place about 250 million years ago, managed to kill off more than 90 percent of all life on the planet.
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