A News Source for All of Europe

Question: How does EuroNews position coverage of issues for all of Europe?

Philippe Cayla:  The peculiarity of EuroNews is to have a non-national point of view, a non-national editorial line.  When we cover the affairs of a particular country, we don't take the point of this particular country, but we try to take the point of the neighboring countries, as well.  When we report about Brussels, conversely to other European channels we don't take the national point of view of what is Brussels doing for this particular country.  We are taking the general interest of the Europeans at large, and we try to understand if what Brussels is doing is good or bad for the Europeans as a whole—not for a particular country.  That is what makes EuroNews very specific in reporting about Europe.

Question: How did you cover the Greek bailout?

Philippe Cayla:  We present both rationales, of course.  Every country, both Greece and Germany, have their own good reasons to act as they did.  Of course, Greece is [...] for having committed to so much debt and for not having put in place the reforms that they need that they're now trying to implement.  Conversely, the fact that the claim for bailout for other European countries is natural, it's part of European solidarity, and nobody can contest that.  The point of Germany is that in fact they are the wealthiest and the richest country in Europe.  They have committed to much support of other European countries that they are now a little fed up, so you can also understand their point of view.  They are fed up with countries like Greece who are unable to manage their own problems properly.

It is also a rupture with traditional, I would say, common understanding in Germany that Germany was supporting Europe, and because of it's particular history it was a political necessity.  So also in Germany there are some mixed feelings about whether other countries should or not react as Mrs. Merkel did.  So in EuroNews, of course we present all facets of the story.  We present... On screen you can see people shouting in the streets of Athens, you can see German leaders saying that Greece should sell out their islands in order to recover some money, which is absolutely a crazy idea.  But we don't say it's a crazy idea—we just report the story, and we present Mrs. Merkel's side, too.  We try to treat the view as an adult, and so to present him the facts as they are and to help him in making his own assessment of the situation, his own judgment.  That's what we think is our [...] and our editorial line.

Question: What’s the biggest challenge for EuroNews?

Philippe Cayla:  The main challenge is to be simple and attractive for the viewer, because of course nationalism has not disappeared in Europe.  People are still very nationalist, and they care chiefly for their own domestic affairs, so to make them... to create the sense that neighbor's affairs are also interesting for them, not only intellectually but also practically.  If they want to make business with neighboring countries or other European countries, if they want to travel, for touristic reason, for instance, they need to understand a little better.  So we try to make it simple and attractive for a European watching EuroNews to have an eye on what we present and to try to catch a better understanding of the situation abroad.  That's not easy because people—like everywhere in the world I think—but in Europe one could think that there is more solidarity feelings than in the rest of the world, but it's not really the case.  In fact, everybody's very nationalistic.  And so you have to create this feeling that there is some solidarity between the people, and that's not easy.

Recorded June 22, 2010
Interviewed by Jessica Liebman

"People are still very nationalist, and they care chiefly for their own domestic affairs," so the challenge is to create a sense in the news coverage that their neighbor's affairs are interesting, not only intellectually but also practically.

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First off, let's be clear what we mean by "hear" here. (Here, here!)

Sound, as we know it, requires air. What our ears capture is actually oscillating waves of fluctuating air pressure. Cilia, fibers in our ears, respond to these fluctuations by firing off corresponding clusters of tones at different pitches to our brains. This is what we perceive as sound.

All of which is to say, sound requires air, and space is notoriously void of that. So, in terms of human-perceivable sound, it's silent out there. Nonetheless, there can be cyclical events in space — such as oscillating values in streams of captured data — that can be mapped to pitches, and thus made audible.

BepiColombo

Image source: European Space Agency

The European Space Agency's BepiColombo spacecraft took off from Kourou, French Guyana on October 20, 2019, on its way to Mercury. To reduce its speed for the proper trajectory to Mercury, BepiColombo executed a "gravity-assist flyby," slinging itself around the Earth before leaving home. Over the course of its 34-minute flyby, its two data recorders captured five data sets that Italy's National Institute for Astrophysics (INAF) enhanced and converted into sound waves.

Into and out of Earth's shadow

In April, BepiColombo began its closest approach to Earth, ranging from 256,393 kilometers (159,315 miles) to 129,488 kilometers (80,460 miles) away. The audio above starts as BepiColombo begins to sneak into the Earth's shadow facing away from the sun.

The data was captured by BepiColombo's Italian Spring Accelerometer (ISA) instrument. Says Carmelo Magnafico of the ISA team, "When the spacecraft enters the shadow and the force of the Sun disappears, we can hear a slight vibration. The solar panels, previously flexed by the Sun, then find a new balance. Upon exiting the shadow, we can hear the effect again."

In addition to making for some cool sounds, the phenomenon allowed the ISA team to confirm just how sensitive their instrument is. "This is an extraordinary situation," says Carmelo. "Since we started the cruise, we have only been in direct sunshine, so we did not have the possibility to check effectively whether our instrument is measuring the variations of the force of the sunlight."

When the craft arrives at Mercury, the ISA will be tasked with studying the planets gravity.

Magentosphere melody

The second clip is derived from data captured by BepiColombo's MPO-MAG magnetometer, AKA MERMAG, as the craft traveled through Earth's magnetosphere, the area surrounding the planet that's determined by the its magnetic field.

BepiColombo eventually entered the hellish mangentosheath, the region battered by cosmic plasma from the sun before the craft passed into the relatively peaceful magentopause that marks the transition between the magnetosphere and Earth's own magnetic field.

MERMAG will map Mercury's magnetosphere, as well as the magnetic state of the planet's interior. As a secondary objective, it will assess the interaction of the solar wind, Mercury's magnetic field, and the planet, analyzing the dynamics of the magnetosphere and its interaction with Mercury.

Recording session over, BepiColombo is now slipping through space silently with its arrival at Mercury planned for 2025.

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