A High-Speed Rail Pessimist
Michael Schrage examines the various roles of models, prototypes, and simulations as collaborative media for innovation risk management. He has served as an advisor on innovation issues and investments to major firms, including Mars, Procter & Gamble, Google, Intel, BT, Siemens, NASDAQ, IBM, and Alcoa. In addition, Schrage has advised segments of the national security community on cyber conflict and cybersecurity issues. He has presented workshops on design experimentation and innovation risk for businesses, organizations, and executive education programs worldwide. Along with running summer workshops on future technologies for the Pentagon's Office of Net Assessment, he has served on the technical advisory committee of MIT's Lincoln Laboratory. In collaboration with the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Schrage helped launch a series of workshops sponsored by the Department of Defense on federal complex systems procurement. In 2007, he served as a judge for the Industrial Designers Society of America's global International Design Excellence Awards.
Question: How viable are high-speed trains?
Michael Schrage: Speaking as somebody who will probably be taking the Acela some time this week, it would be nice if we had higher speed trains, let alone high-speed trains. I think that when you do back of the envelope, capital internal rate of return calculations and the number of people moved and the value of these things, it really doesn't work out very well. I am not an optimist on light rail or high-speed rail. I think I would rather invest in a counterpart of Ryanair, than in fixed track locations. I think it may work for Asia and Europe, but people are closer together, the city densities are different, the lifestyles are different, the cultures are different. And I'm one of these old fashioned people who take culture and lifestyle differences very seriously.
I believe that regions and states and cities should be doing experimentation. But it's been my unfortunate observation that a lot of what people call experiments are really ways of throwing money at a problem. One would think that California would have all manner of dedicated, faster rail. But you look at the economic success that Bart is not in the Bay area, despite the fact that there are good population densities, despite the fact that there's a variety of different ways to create complements between the rail and the car, and they haven't managed to pull it off. And I don't think people in California are stupid, so there must be other reasons.
Question: How viable is shared mobility?
Michael Schrage: Yeah, people are doing the Zip car thing, they're doing the bike thing. I know that they've tried this in Paris and have discovered that sometimes people aren't as well behaved or as altruistic or as nice as they should be.
Let me say something politically incorrect and I'm going to argue that some communities will do the shared thing very, very well. If you held a gun to my head, I think that many of these things will go over well in Denmark and parts of Sweden, rather than in parts of Paris.
I think shared mobility is a perfect example of something that technologically we could do with a snap of our fingers. The problem ain't the technology, it's--altogether now--the value and the politics, it's the differences in lifestyles. Do I think shared mobility will do gangbusters in Tokyo and Kyoto and large parts of Shanghai and Beijing? You betcha!
By the way, the reason why it's going to do really well in Beijing and Shanghai? Is if you don't share nicely, they're going to put you in jail. That's just not going to happen in America. No matter how much certain people want it.
Recorded on January 22, 2010
Michael Schrage would rather invest in a counterpart of Ryanair, than in fixed track locations: "It may work for Asia and Europe, but people are closer together, the city densities are different, the lifestyles are different, the cultures are different."
A few traditions in the Roman Catholic Church can be traced back to pagan cults, rites, and deities.
- The Catholic rite of Holy Communion parallels pre-Christian Greco-Roman and Egyptian rituals that involved eating the body and blood of a god.
- A number of Catholic holidays and myths, such as Christmas, Easter, and Mardi Gras, graph onto the timeline of pre-Christian fertility festivals.
- The Catholic practice of praying to saints has been called "de-facto idolatry" and even a relic of goddess worship.
A pragmatic approach to fixing an imbalanced system.
- Intentional or not, certain inequalities are inherent in a digital economy that is structured and controlled by a few corporations that don't represent the interests or the demographics of the majority.
- While concern and anger are valid reactions to these inequalities, UCLA professor Ramesh Srinivasan also sees it as an opportunity to take action.
- Srinivasan says that the digital economy can be reshaped to benefit the 99 percent if we protect laborers in the gig economy, get independent journalists involved with the design of algorithmic news systems, support small businesses, and find ways that groups that have been historically discriminated against can be a part of these solutions.