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Stephen Hawking has accepted an offer to go to space. He's one of the world's most famous scientists, who's been paralyzed due to ALS for much of his life.
24 March, 2017
Dr. Stephen Hawking delivers a speech entitled 'Why we should go into space' on April 21, 2008, at George Washington University's Morton Auditorium in Washington, DC. (Photo by Paul. E. Alers/NASA via G
<p class="p1">Stephen Hawking gave an <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_FDFY-SJ-4" target="_blank">interview to Piers Morgan on “Good Morning Britain”</a>, where he confirmed that he’ll be going to space on Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic spaceship. Branson actually <a href="https://www.virgin.com/richard-branson/professor-stephen-hawking-and-virgin-galactic" target="_blank">offered him the trip in 2015</a> for free, and Hawking says “<span class="s1">since that day, I have never changed my mind.”</span></p> <p class="p4">When the flight will be we don’t yet know. Virgin Galactic’s <strong>SpaceShipTwo</strong> was <a href="https://www.forbes.com/sites/jimdobson/2015/07/28/virgin-galactic-spaceshiptwo-tells-billionaire-passengers-fall-2017-is-new-launch-date/#664f5bb87da2" target="_blank">previously slated</a> to launch at the end of 2017, but no hard date has been announced yet.</p> <p class="p5"><span class="s2">Hawking’s spaceflight will be an amazing feat for the 75-year-old scientist, known for his work in physics and cosmology, adding another chapter to an already remarkable life. When he was only 21, he was diagnosed with </span><span class="s3"><strong>amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) </strong>also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. This rare neurogenerative disease is deadly and Hawking was told he had <strong>2 years to live</strong>. </span></p> <p class="p5"><span class="s3">50+ years later, Hawking is still going strong (and going to space). Paralyzed and confined to a wheelchair, speaking through a specially-designed computer system since 1985, the scientist has achieved more than most do in a lifetime, not letting the debilitating disease slow him down.</span> </p> <p><span style="display:block;position:relative;padding-top:56.25%;" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="5d693a44746087c4e805c2b1bc722801"><iframe type="lazy-iframe" data-runner-src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/Y7ix6HHL-JM?rel=0" width="100%" height="auto" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;"></iframe></span></p> <p class="p5"><span class="s3">Hawking has done groundbreaking work on <strong>black holes</strong>, discovering (along with James Bardeen and Brandon Carter) four laws of black holes mechanics.</span></p> <p class="p5"><span class="s3">His 1974 “<strong>Hawking radiation</strong>” theory that black holes are slowly evaporating due to particles robbing them of energy can still land him a Nobel Prize as <a href="http://www.express.co.uk/news/science/664230/stephen-hawking-black-hole-nobel-prize-hawking-radiation" target="_blank">recent research</a> appears to prove it.</span></p> <p class="p5"><span class="s3">He has also done outstanding work on gravitational <strong>singularities</strong>, one-dimensional points that have infinite mass in infinitely tiny spaces. Cooperating with mathematician Roger Penrose, Hawking proved the existence of singularities and proposed key theorems on their origins. </span></p> <p><img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xODMzODk3OS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY1MjI5MDkzOH0.BEYeZZ5IdBCRRJRg2l4KLmfN1Q8DoKSCkp09rLPhzb8/img.jpg?width=980" id="76be5" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="c9c837dcba36a5f4cae0ea0254dc665c" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image"></p> <p class="p5"><em>Stephen Hawking, date unconfirmed but likely in 1990s. Courtesy: NASA, Starchild Learning Center</em>.</p> <p class="p5"><span class="s3">His other scientific achievements include pioneering work on <strong>cosmic inflation</strong> and the early state of the universe (which Hawking proposed had no time or beginning). </span></p> <p class="p5"><span class="s3">Hawking is also famous for being one of the world’s most popular science educators, writing numerous books like the bestseller “A Brief History of Time,” which sold more than 10 million copies. </span></p> <p class="p5"><span class="s3">How did Hawking, who also has been a professor of mathematics at University of Cambridge for the 30 years, thrive despite the illness? In an <a href="https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/stephen-hawking-als/" target="_blank">interview with Scientific American</a>, ALS expert and professor of neurology Leo McCluskey, called Hawking “an outlier”. His case is exceptional and probably represents just a few percent of ALS patients. If Hawking developed the disease while still a teenager, it could be a “juvenile-onset” variant that progresses very slowly. He has also had great care.</span></p> <p class="p5"><span class="s3">How will Hawking fare in space? We don’t know the details of Virgin Galactic flight yet but Hawking seems quite enthusiastic:</span> </p> <blockquote><p class="p7"><span class="s3">“I can tell you what will make me happy, to travel in space. I thought no one would take me but Richard Branson has offered me a seat on Virgin Galactic and I said yes immediately.”</span></p></blockquote> <p class="p7"><span class="s3">You can see this segment from the interview here: </span></p> <p><iframe frameborder="0" height="290" scrolling="no" src="http://www.washingtonpost.com/video/c/embed/9f21d4dc-0d92-11e7-aa57-2ca1b05c41b8" width="480"></p></iframe></p>
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stephen hawking disability first disabled man astronaut space ALS NASA physics cosmology science news virgin galactic richard branson