A systematic review has shown that psychological interventions to prevent depression in children and adolescents have protective effects. Young people who participated in prevention programs were significantly less likely to have a depressive disorder in the year following the program than youth who did not participate. The research team analyzed 53 studies including a total of 14,406 participants aged 5 to 19.
What’s the Big Idea?
The prevention programs were diverse and generally involved groups. An advantage of group-based prevention strategies is their potential to reach more individuals than most other treatment approaches. Most of the psychological interventions included some components of cognitive behavioral therapy, others emphasized self-efficacy, stress reduction techniques and methods for handling trauma and maintaining optimism.