34 - The 6 Regions of Movie Viewing
From a young age, Frank was fascinated by maps and atlases, and the stories they contained. Finding his birthplace on the map in the endpapers of Tolkien's Lord of the Rings only increased his interest in the mystery and message of maps.
While pursuing a career in journalism, Frank started a blog called Strange Maps, as a repository for the weird and wonderful cartography he found hidden in books, posing as everyday objects and (of course) floating around the Internet.
"Each map tells a story, but the stories told by your standard atlas for school or reference are limited and literal: they show only the most practical side of the world, its geography and its political divisions. Strange Maps aims to collect and comment on maps that do everything but that - maps that show the world from a different angle".
A remit that wide allows for a steady, varied diet of maps: Frank has been writing about strange maps since 2006, published a book on the subject in 2009 and joined Big Think in 2010. Readers send in new material daily, and he keeps bumping in to cartography that is delightfully obscure, amazingly beautiful, shockingly partisan, and more.
This isn’t a political, but a commercial world map: it specifies the six distinct global ‘DVD regions’ of the world. DVD is short for ‘digital video disc’, the successor to the analog VHS system. Contrary to VHS tapes, which were universally playable on each video recorder, a typical DVD disk can’t be played on each DVD player.
Each DVD disk contains one of these six region codes, corresponding to the area in which the disk (and consequently also the DVD player) was bought. In theory, this limits the geographical area in which the DVD disk can be played, thus allowing the distributors to control pricing, content and release date for each of these regions separately. In practice, there are ‘universal’ DVD players that allow playback of disks from any region.\n
Critics of the multi-region approach breaches free trade, by restricting the use of legally bought material to certain areas of the world. The six global DVD regions appear to have been arrived at by a combination of geography (proximity), economy (degree of development) and politics (isolation or grouping together of certain geographic regions based on the sameness of political system).\n
As a result of this approach, some of the regions lump together areas which have never before ‘belonged’ together, which provides for a very strange map indeed. Below follows an overview of the regions – naming is my own: I don’t know which if any ‘official’ name each region has, apart from its numerical designation.\n
1 – ‘North America’: US and outlying territories, Canada and Bermuda.\n
2 – ‘Greater Europe’: not only all of Europe – minus Moldavia and the three Baltic and the three Slavic post-Soviet states – but also Turkey; all the countries traditionally included in the Middle East from Egypt in the West to Iran in the East; South Africa and two small economically orbital countries of Swaziland and Lesotho; Japan; and such far-flung territories with a relationship to Europe as French Guyana, French Polynesia and Greenland.\n
3 – ‘Non Red Chinese South East Asia’: all countries traditionally considered ‘South East Asian’, from Birma in the West to Indonesia in the East, plus South Korea and two Chinese territories formerly European dependencies and thus still subject to a slightly different political regime than the Mainland – Macau and Hong Kong.\n
4 – ‘Pacifica’: basically all non-North American countries, with the exception of US or EU dependencies covered by regions 1 and 2; plus Australia, New Zealand and Papua New Guinea.\n
5 – ‘Asiafrica’: Africa minus its two most developed economies, the former Soviet Union minus Transcaucasia, the whole Indian subcontinent including Afghanistan, Mongolia and North Korea.\n
6 – ‘Red China’: the People’s Republic, not Taiwan.\n
Other region Codes are: 0 (DVD playable in all regions), 7 (reserved for future use) and 8 (international screening areas such as airplanes or ships). Interestingly reflective of their precarious balancing act between Russia and the rest of Europe, DVDs sold in the three Baltic states use both 2 and 5 as region code. Many other DVDs sold elsewhere are also ‘multiregion’.\n
This image was taken from this page at Wikipedia.\n
How a cataclysm worse than what killed the dinosaurs destroyed 90 percent of all life on Earth.
While the demise of the dinosaurs gets more attention as far as mass extinctions go, an even more disastrous event called "the Great Dying” or the “End-Permian Extinction” happened on Earth prior to that. Now scientists discovered how this cataclysm, which took place about 250 million years ago, managed to kill off more than 90 percent of all life on the planet.
A new study discovers the “liking gap” — the difference between how we view others we’re meeting for the first time, and the way we think they’re seeing us.
We tend to be defensive socially. When we meet new people, we’re often concerned with how we’re coming off. Our anxiety causes us to be so concerned with the impression we’re creating that we fail to notice that the same is true of the other person as well. A new study led by Erica J. Boothby, published on September 5 in Psychological Science, reveals how people tend to like us more in first encounters than we’d ever suspect.
Using advanced laser technology, scientists at NASA will track global changes in ice with greater accuracy.
Leaving from Vandenberg Air Force base in California this coming Saturday, at 8:46 a.m. ET, the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 — or, the "ICESat-2" — is perched atop a United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket, and when it assumes its orbit, it will study ice layers at Earth's poles, using its only payload, the Advance Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS).
SMARTER FASTER trademarks owned by The Big Think, Inc. All rights reserved.