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Be Afraid! Be VERY Afraid!!! How Can You Help It These Days?
Good LORD the world suddenly seems a threatening unsettling mess, doesn’t it? Wars and plane crashes and disease and environmental catastrophe looming, all at once! It reminds me of Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention sang in “Trouble Comin’ Everyday”;
“You mean to say that every day is just another rotten mess, and when it’s gonna change my friend is anybody’s guess?”
But here are two questions, and I will ask you to join with your fellow readers and answer them in a fun little quiz below, which will let you see how you compare to how others who participate in the quiz are feeling.
2. Do YOU feel any more at risk, personally?
This is a great teaching moment about how we perceive risk, and about a dangerous phenomenon at work right now that is probably fueling fear in some of us. It’s called the Availability Heuristic, one of many psychological components that shape our perception of risk, and it works like this; The more ‘available’ to our conscious awareness a risk is, the more emotional weight it carries. Zappa sang about it decades before cognitive science research identified it;
“Well I’m about to get upset, watching my TV, checking out the news until my eyeballs fail to see.”
The news seems like non-stop mayhem and danger…even more than normal…and in these circumstances the Availability Heuristic causes fears disproportionate to the actual danger.
The problem is, disproportionate fear leads to risk all by itself. Studies of traveling after the 9/11 airplane attacks found that flying went down, driving went up, and so did road deaths for the 6 months following the attacks. Depending on which study you want to believe, motor vehicle fatalities rose in the immediate months following 9/11 by either 350, 1,100, or 1,800. Fear, fed by high ‘availability’, killed.
Now it’s not as though there is nothing real to worry about. Before we get to the quiz, then, let’s lay out the litany of bad news and danger. The following are just the headline makers;
-- Wars or insurgencies in Syria (a quarter of a million dead, 2.5 million refugees who fled), the Gaza strip of Palestine being brutalized by Israel in response to terrorist rockets from Palestinian terrorists, Iraq (where incredibly brutal anti-western Islamic radicals have declared a new Caliphate, or state of Islam), the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Afghanistan, Pakistan (Islamic extremist insurgency connected to war in neighboring Afghanistan, Ukraine (where rebels probably armed by Russia just murdered 298 civilians by shooting down a civilian passenger plane), and Nigeria (where 200 young girls were recently kidnapped by fanatic Islamic extremists.) And those are just the bigger ones.
-- Scary anti-west militancy in KGB-trained Vladimir Putin’s Russia that probably contributed to a civilian airliner being shot down over Ukraine.
-- Militant nationalism in China and Japan, unsettling all of Asia, in a dispute over the Senkaku Islands, uninhabited bits of rock that Japan claims that may have underwater oil nearby.
-- Chikigunya, a debilitatingly painful, untreatable mosquito-born disease that raced through the Caribbean, has shown up in the U.S. (Florida) and is spreading. Public health experts are sincerely worried.
-- Middle East Respiratory syndrome (MERS), a new flu strain that first arose in Saudi Arabia, has shown up in the U.S.
-- A city in northwest China is closed off from the outer world and 15 people are in quarantine after a man died of bubonic plague (you remember…the Black Death)
-- Ebola is spreading in western Africa, in cities for the first time. 632 are dead. The Sierra Leone doctor heading the fight to contain the epidemic, abnd an American doctor colleague just came down with incurable disease, which has a fatality rate in this outbreak of 60%.
-- Measles and whooping cough, vaccinable diseases, are re-emerging in pockets across the U.S. and other nations in part because a rising number of people in those areas are afraid of vaccines and are refusing to vaccinate their children (chart).
-- The ability of antibiotics continues to decline against bacteria that can mutate drug resistance faster than we can design new drugs. Serious health officials are starting to imagine a ‘post-antibiotics future' in which ‘normal’ infections will once again kill and many standard forms of medicine, like elective surgery, will no longer be possible.
-- The Director of the CDC bioterrorism lab just resigned after his lab mishandled a deadly sample of anthrax, exposing several lab workers. That followed CDC screw ups with a deadly strain of avian influenza and the accidental discovery of misplaced samples of smallpox stranded in the back of a lab frig.
(The disease category brings to mind the hysterical classic 1968 Monty Python/Firesign theater humor skit “BEAT THE REAPER!” in which a contestant has ten seconds to identify the increasingly worse diseases to which he’s exposed. Our suffering contestant makes it all the way to THE BIG DISEASE. Spoiler alert. It’s the plague. He dies.)
-- Climate change is no longer something we don’t have to worry about until later. The U.S. National Climate Assessment, and lots of real-world evidence, says it’s here now.
-- Water shortages are getting worse around the world.
-- Colony collapse is killing off the honey bees that pollinate the crops we depend on. (Environmentalists blame neonicitinoid pesticides but most neutral experts say the worst cause is probably the Varoa mite) on.
-- White nose bats are dying off, just one of many species disappearing in the fastest and what is headed to be the most massive extinction of species in the history of life on Earth.
-- Suspicion grows, mostly based on wildlife evidence and lab animal tests, that a wide range of industrial and natural chemicals are interfering with our hormone systems (this is known as Endocrine Disruption) and damaging the impairing the healthy development of fetuses.
-- Warnings about GMOs, fracking, and the “toxic” chemical du jour, exceed what the evidence supports, but they sure make scary headlines.
- - -
Near-miss asteroids that fly between us and the moon. Shark attacks. Amoebas that eat eyeballs. (Don’t leave your contacts in for 6 months straight.) Killer squirrels (really…a species in Papua New Guinea has been discovered that jumps on small deer and bites open their jugular veins until they bleed to death, then eats them! The movie “Killer Squirrels” is already in production. Check out the trailer! Hysterical!)
It’s like Frank and the Mothers sang, it seems like
“There’s no way to delay that trouble comin’ every day.”
Which raises the question my book asks; How Risky Is It, Really? But in this case, the specific question is, how risky does all this feel, to you?
So please take this little quiz, to help generate an idea of how much, if at all, events these days are making you more worried.
Pick any number between 1 and 10, with 0 = not at all, 5 = some, and 10 = a lot.
Enter your replies in the comments below. I’ll run the numbers over the next several days and if enough people participate, I'll post something next week to let you all know what the average results were. They won’t exactly be scientific findings, but maybe we’ll all learn something.
(Please re-post this piece and share it with friends and followers. The more you share this quiz, the more participants we all get and the more we’ll all learn.)
What is human dignity? Here's a primer, told through 200 years of great essays, lectures, and novels.
- Human dignity means that each of our lives have an unimpeachable value simply because we are human, and therefore we are deserving of a baseline level of respect.
- That baseline requires more than the absence of violence, discrimination, and authoritarianism. It means giving individuals the freedom to pursue their own happiness and purpose.
- We look at incredible writings from the last 200 years that illustrate the push for human dignity in regards to slavery, equality, communism, free speech and education.
The inherent worth of all human beings<p>Human dignity is the inherent worth of each individual human being. Recognizing human dignity means respecting human beings' special value—value that sets us apart from other animals; value that is intrinsic and cannot be lost.</p> <p>Liberalism—the broad political philosophy that organizes society around liberty, justice, and equality—is rooted in the idea of human dignity. Liberalism assumes each of our lives, plans, and preferences have some unimpeachable value, not because of any objective evaluation or contribution to a greater good, but simply because they belong to a human being. We are human, and therefore deserving of a baseline level of respect. </p> <p>Because so many of us take human dignity for granted—just a fact of our humanness—it's usually only when someone's dignity is ignored or violated that we feel compelled to talk about it. </p> <p>But human dignity means more than the absence of violence, discrimination, and authoritarianism. It means giving individuals the freedom to pursue their own happiness and purpose—a freedom that can be hampered by restrictive social institutions or the tyranny of the majority. The liberal ideal of the good society is not just peaceful but also pluralistic: It is a society in which we respect others' right to think and live differently than we do.</p>
From the 19th century to today<p>With <a href="https://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?year_start=1800&year_end=2019&content=human+dignity&corpus=26&smoothing=3&direct_url=t1%3B%2Chuman%20dignity%3B%2Cc0" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Google Books Ngram Viewer</a>, we can chart mentions of human dignity from 1800-2019.</p><img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNDg0ODU0My9vcmlnaW4ucG5nIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY1MTUwMzE4MX0.bu0D_0uQuyNLyJjfRESNhu7twkJ5nxu8pQtfa1w3hZs/img.png?width=980" id="7ef38" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="9974c7bef3812fcb36858f325889e3c6" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
American novelist, writer, playwright, poet, essayist and civil rights activist James Baldwin at his home in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, southern France, on November 6, 1979.
Credit: Ralph Gatti/AFP via Getty Images
The future of dignity<p>Around the world, people are still working toward the full and equal recognition of human dignity. Every year, new speeches and writings help us understand what dignity is—not only what it looks like when dignity is violated but also what it looks like when dignity is honored. In his posthumous essay, Congressman Lewis wrote, "When historians pick up their pens to write the story of the 21st century, let them say that it was your generation who laid down the heavy burdens of hate at last and that peace finally triumphed over violence, aggression and war."</p> <p>The more we talk about human dignity, the better we understand it. And the sooner we can make progress toward a shared vision of peace, freedom, and mutual respect for all. </p>
Scientists find that bursts of gamma rays may exceed the speed of light and cause time-reversibility.
- Astrophysicists propose that gamma-ray bursts may exceed the speed of light.
- The superluminal jets may also be responsible for time-reversibility.
- The finding doesn't go against Einstein's theory because this effect happens in the jet medium not a vacuum.
Jet bursting out of a blazar. Black-hole-powered galaxies called blazars are the most common sources detected by NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope.
Cosmic death beams: Understanding gamma ray bursts<div class="rm-shortcode" data-media_id="cu2knVEk" data-player_id="FvQKszTI" data-rm-shortcode-id="c6cfd20fdf31c82cb206ade8ce21ba3f"> <div id="botr_cu2knVEk_FvQKszTI_div" class="jwplayer-media" data-jwplayer-video-src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/cu2knVEk-FvQKszTI.js"> <img src="https://cdn.jwplayer.com/thumbs/cu2knVEk-1920.jpg" class="jwplayer-media-preview" /> </div> <script src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/cu2knVEk-FvQKszTI.js"></script> </div>
Philosophers have been asking the question for hundreds of years. Now neuroscientists are joining the quest to find out.
- The debate over whether or not humans have free will is centuries old and ongoing. While studies have confirmed that our brains perform many tasks without conscious effort, there remains the question of how much we control and when it matters.
- According to Dr. Uri Maoz, it comes down to what your definition of free will is and to learning more about how we make decisions versus when it is ok for our brain to subconsciously control our actions and movements.
- "If we understand the interplay between conscious and unconscious," says Maoz, "it might help us realize what we can control and what we can't."
Puerto Rico's iconic telescope facilitated important scientific discoveries while inspiring young scientists and the public imagination.
- The Arecibo Observatory's main telescope collapsed on Tuesday morning.
- Although officials had been planning to demolish the telescope, the accident marked an unceremonious end to a beloved astronomical tool.
- The Arecibo radio telescope has facilitated many discoveries in astronomy, including the mapping of near-Earth asteroids and the detection of exoplanets.
Bradley Rivera via twitter.com<p>In 1963, the concave dish was built into a natural sinkhole on the northern coast of Puerto Rico. The location was <a href="https://www.space.com/20984-arecibo-observatory.html" target="_blank">picked because it was near the equator,</a> providing scientists a clear view of planets passing overhead, and also of the ionosphere, which is the uniquely reactive layer of Earth's upper atmosphere where the northern lights form.</p><p>Since its construction, scientists have used the Arecibo telescope to map near-Earth asteroids, detect gravitational waves, study pulsars, detect exoplanets and <a href="https://www.seti.org/goodbye-arecibo" target="_blank">search for alien civilizations</a>, among other projects. Here's a brief look at some of the discoveries and accomplishments made using the Arecibo telescope:</p><ul><li>1964: Astronomer <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gordon_Pettengill" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Gordon Pettengill</a> discovers that Mercury's rotation period is 59 days, significantly shorter than the previous prediction of 88 days.</li><li>1974: Physicists Russell Alan Hulse and Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr. discovers the first binary pulsar, for which they won a Nobel Prize in Physics.</li><li>1974: Scientists use the telescope to transmit the "Arecibo message" to <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Globular_Cluster_in_Hercules" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">globular star cluster M13</a>. The message, when translated into image form, contains basic information about humanity and human knowledge: the numbers one to 10, a map of our solar system, an illustration of a human being, and the atomic numbers of certain elements.</li><li>1989: Scientists use the telescope to image an asteroid for the first time.</li><li>1992: Astronomers Alex Wolszczan and Dale Frail become the first to discover exoplanets.</li></ul>
The Google-owned company developed a system that can reliably predict the 3D shapes of proteins.