Study: Music In Bars Encourages Women To Drink Faster
A small-scale experiment involving female university students revealed that the presence of music, regardless of its speed, appeared to reduce alcohol's mellowing effects, leading to faster consumption.
Kecia Lynn has worked as a technical writer, editor, software developer, arts administrator, summer camp director, and television host. A graduate of Case Western Reserve University and the Iowa Writers' Workshop, she is currently living in Iowa City and working on her first novel.
What's the Latest Development?
University of Portsmouth psychologists Lorenzo Stafford and Hannah Dodd gave young female university students glasses of a popular vodka-based drink and asked them to consume it while watching a documentary. The film was accompanied by either silence or a slow- or fast-tempo version of a dance music track. The participants were then timed to see how quickly they finished their drink. Those who listened to music -- regardless of its speed -- finished faster than those who didn't.
What's the Big Idea?
The study, published in this month's Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, is yet more proof that the ambiance or atmosphere of a particular location affects alcohol consumption. Stafford and Dodd write that the music seemed to "curb some of the sedative effects of alcohol" and, because the alcohol didn't appear to give its normal mellowing results, drinkers "may have [been] led to a false appreciation of alcohol strength being lower than it actually was," and thus drank faster. Although the study was small and limited to women, the team believe the results would be the same for men.
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Long hidden under trees, it's utterly massive
Antimicrobial resistance is growing worldwide, rendering many "work horse" medicines ineffective. Without intervention, drug-resistant pathogens could lead to millions of deaths by 2050. Thankfully, companies like Pfizer are taking action.
- Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens are one of the largest threats to global health today.
- As we get older, our immune systems age, increasing our risk of life threatening infections. Without reliable antibiotics, life expectancy could decline for the first time in modern history.
- If antibiotics become ineffective, common infections could result in hospitalization or even death. Life-saving interventions like cancer treatments and organ transplantation would become more difficult, more often resulting in death. Routine procedures would become hard to perform.
- Without intervention, resistant pathogens could result in 10 million annual deaths by 2050.
- By taking a multi-faceted approach—inclusive of adherence to good stewardship, surveillance and responsible manufacturing practices, as well as an emphasis on prevention and treatment—companies like Pfizer are fighting to help curb the spread.
Christmas has many pagan and secular traditions that early Christians incorporated into this new holiday.
- Christmas was heavily influenced by the Roman festival of Saturnalia.
- The historical Jesus was not born on December 25th as many contemporary Christians believe.
- Many staple Christmas traditions predated the festival and were tied into ancient pagan worship of the sun and related directly to the winter solstice.
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