Big Oil spreads the word about Big Innovation
Obviously spooked by the prospect that Americans might finally embrace alternative energy sources like ethanol, the oil industry is mounting a massive PR campaign based around "innovation" to get out in front of the issue. Much as British Petroleum changed its name to BP ("Beyond Petroleum") in an effort to change its public image, Big Oil is trying to convince people that it has been spending millions upon millions of dollars on R&D work related to alternative energy:
"When some of the industry's top executives gather in Houston
next week to discuss global energy challenges, finding new and more
effective ways to produce oil and gas -- as well as alternatives to
fossil fuels -- will dominate the discussion. And, as the year progresses, expect to see industry leaders --
including the chiefs of ConocoPhillips and Royal Dutch Shell PLC's
U.S. division -- speaking in cities across America in an
unprecedented campaign to educate consumers on energy related
issues and discuss topics such as ethanol and renewable fuels. It's
also an opportunity for the companies to polish their images.
[...] "There's never been as much effort going into technological
innovation across the whole energy industry as we're seeing
today," said Daniel Yergin, chairman of Cambridge Energy Research
Associates, a consultancy, and author of "The Prize," the
Pulitzer Prize-winning history of the oil industry."
According to the CEO of ConocoPhillips, U.S. oil
companies have invested $11 billion in North America on renewable
and other forms of energy in the past five years. And for that type of commitment to the environment (ahem), they want a role in shaping the future of American energy policy:
"Mulva [CEO of ConocoPhillips] called President Bush's proposal for expanding ethanol use
to reduce gas consumption "very well motivated," but he said
industry leaders "want a seat at the table" when state and
federal officials set standards for the use and development of
alternative energy sources.
"We believe very strongly the best way of meeting those metrics
is to determine what they are and then let the industry ... come up
with the resources and plans to meet those, (rather) than have
mandates saying specifically, 'You have to do it this way and
that," he said."
[image: Oil field worker]
In a breakthrough for nuclear fusion research, scientists at China's Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor have produced temperatures necessary for nuclear fusion on Earth.
- The EAST reactor was able to heat hydrogen to temperatures exceeding 100 million degrees Celsius.
- Nuclear fusion could someday provide the planet with a virtually limitless supply of clean energy.
- Still, scientists have many other obstacles to pass before fusion technology becomes a viable energy source.
Military recruits are supposed to be assessed to see whether they're fit for service. What happens when they're not?
- During the Vietnam War, Robert McNamara began a program called Project 100,000.
- The program brought over 300,000 men to Vietnam who failed to meet minimum criteria for military service, both physically and mentally.
- Project 100,000 recruits were killed in disproportionate numbers and fared worse after their military service than their civilian peers, making the program one of the biggest—and possibly cruelest—mistakes of the Vietnam War.
The 116th Congress is set to break records in term of diversity among its lawmakers, though those changes are coming almost entirely from Democrats.
- Women and nonwhite candidates made record gains in the 2018 midterms.
- In total, almost half of the newly elected Congressional representatives are not white men.
- Those changes come almost entirely from Democrats; Republican members-elect are all white men except for one woman.
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