Is the Best Yet to Come?
The United States still has problems to resolve, but it is on a stronger economic footing than before the crisis.
Just how healthy is the American economy? There’s little doubt that it’s healthier than the euro zone, which seems to spawn a new fiscal or banking crisis every week. But with unemployment still above 7 percent, nobody in the United States is celebrating a revival yet. Could one still be on the way?
Economic forecasts are not especially rosy at the moment. The Congressional Budget Office sees robust growth returning in 2014 and continuing through 2018, but afterwards it expects the economy to expand by only 2.2 percent per year, adjusted for inflation. That’s only about two-thirds of the growth rate the United States has enjoyed since World War II. The International Monetary Fund forecasts somewhat lower growth through 2017, too.
This is not a terrible outlook, but it’s not a thrilling or reassuring one either. Several economists, notably the Nobel laureates Edmund Phelps and Michael Spence, have suggested that the United States has undergone a structural shift that will slow future improvements in living standards. Among the most common arguments are these: capital is not being employed in the most effective way; labor’s productivity cannot rise as quickly as it once did; and the United States is not as globally competitive as it once was.
But there is some reason for hope. The nation’s reaction to the global financial crisis and the Great Recession has included a rash of creative destruction in the public and private sectors. Though I would argue that spending by the public sector has been too constrained by politics, the regulatory changes put in place by government are real and are already helping to maintain financial stability. Government-sponsored enterprises like Fannie Mae are stronger than ever. And new investments in basic research and infrastructure, which had been lagging and neglected, could pay off handsomely in the long term.
Political grandstanding and fretting about the overall crisis have diverted the public’s attention from these important changes, and so their results could come as a surprise. Peter Blair Henry, the dean of the Stern School of Business at New York University (where I teach), recounts a similar story about Latin America in his new book, “Turnaround.” Expectations for growth in the region were low in the 1980s and 1990s, and East Asia was the focus of the financial markets. So when Latin America’s economic reforms began to take effect, investors were startled by the positive results.
The United States still has problems to resolve, but it is on a stronger economic footing than before the crisis. Recent upsurges in the stock markets suggest that investors may be starting to see this, too. When the economic shifts of the past several years start to pay off, we may just experience a turnaround of our own.
Step inside the unlikely friendship of a former ACLU president and an ultra-conservative Supreme Court Justice.
- Former president of the ACLU Nadine Strossen and Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia were unlikely friends. They debated each other at events all over the world, and because of that developed a deep and rewarding friendship – despite their immense differences.
- Scalia, a famous conservative, was invited to circles that were not his "home territory", such as the ACLU, to debate his views. Here, Strossen expresses her gratitude and respect for his commitment to the exchange of ideas.
- "It's really sad that people seem to think that if you disagree with somebody on some issues you can't be mutually respectful, you can't enjoy each other's company, you can't learn from each other and grow in yourself," says Strossen.
- The opinions expressed in this video do not necessarily reflect the views of the Charles Koch Foundation, which encourages the expression of diverse viewpoints within a culture of civil discourse and mutual respect.
Learn how to redesign your job for maximum reward.
- Broaching the question "What is my purpose?" is daunting – it's a grandiose idea, but research can make it a little more approachable if work is where you find your meaning. It turns out you can redesign your job to have maximum purpose.
- There are 3 ways people find meaning at work, what Aaron Hurst calls the three elevations of impact. About a third of the population finds meaning at an individual level, from seeing the direct impact of their work on other people. Another third of people find their purpose at an organizational level. And the last third of people find meaning at a social level.
- "What's interesting about these three elevations of impact is they enable us to find meaning in any job if we approach it the right way. And it shows how accessible purpose can be when we take responsibility for it in our work," says Hurst.
Erik Verlinde has been compared to Einstein for completely rethinking the nature of gravity.
- The Dutch physicist Erik Verlinde's hypothesis describes gravity as an "emergent" force not fundamental.
- The scientist thinks his ideas describe the universe better than existing models, without resorting to "dark matter".
- While some question his previous papers, Verlinde is reworking his ideas as a full-fledged theory.
TuSimple, an autonomous trucking company, has also engaged in test programs with the United States Postal Service and Amazon.
PAUL RATJE / Contributor
- This week, UPS announced that it's working with autonomous trucking startup TuSimple on a pilot project to deliver cargo in Arizona using self-driving trucks.
- UPS has also acquired a minority stake in TuSimple.
- TuSimple hopes its trucks will be fully autonomous — without a human driver — by late 2020, though regulatory questions remain.