NASA scientists recently announced they had discovered an organism that uses arsenic instead of phosphorus in its metabolism. The geologist Dirk Schulze-Makuch talked to Spiegel about the implications of the findings and the likelihood that life could exist on other planets. “Our fixation with the idea that oxygen is essential to life is already short-sighted. This aggressive element inflicts damage to our cells in the form of free radicals. Maybe organisms elsewhere in space have found a gentler alternative. When we send space probes to other worlds, we should expect the unexpected.”
A new 20-year analysis of over 14,000 psychology studies finds that a study’s media coverage is negatively linked to its replicability.
Apart from the energy needed to flip the switch, no other energy is needed to transmit the information.
While cities drive national economic growth, their political geography means they cannot effectively deal with inequality, poverty, and other socioeconomic problems.
Research suggests that emotional intelligence is more vital for success than IQ.