The British Monarchy
Jeffrey Archer was educated at Oxford University. He has served five years in Britain’s House of Commons, fourteen years in the House of Lords, and two in Her Majesty’s prisons, which spawned three volumes of highly acclaimedPrison Diaries. All of his novels and short story collections---including Kane and Abel, Sons of Fortune, and False Impression---have been international bestsellers. Archer is married with two children and lives in London and Cambridge.
Question: What is the future of the royal family?
Jeffrey Archer: Well as long as Her Majesty the Queen is the head of the royal family, there will be no moves at all. I suspect when her Majesty dies, then you may well see a different attitude in Australia, New Zealand and Canada. I suspect you may see a break away from those three countries. Then of course we will look at the new King, and the next generation, not mine, and the one afterwards will make the decision.
My own belief is that the royal family will survive.
Question: How much has the royal family had to change in order to stay relevant?
Jeffrey Archer: Her Majesty the Queen has set such an example of damned hard work, intense loyalty and service above all things. Great believer in service to her country. I don’t know another human being who serves our country in the way she does. She doesn’t have to change, we now accept that she is the lady of 82 years of age, she is very much--to use in English expression--got all her marbles, she is very bright, very alive. And there will never be any feeling of wanting to do anything about that where she is still going strong.
The rest of the family have changed considerably. The young prince Harry has been in Iraq fighting, along side the Americans with the British forces, a genuine hero, a genuine soldier, as always other, very genuine heroic soldiers at there at the moment, so they have adapted.
Prince William went to a Scottish University; and so that they have all adapted, and they are young.
The problem today is that, of course, anything you do is on the front page of the tabloid papers. So it is not easy for them and they have therefore been criticized from time to time. But I still think that they are adapting with the new generation, and I think they will survive.
Question: What role does the royal family play in contemporary England?
Jeffrey Archer: Well, they have no power, but they have an immense amount of influence, and of course because we have very old traditional country, we like not to throw our history in to the dustbin quite that fast.
We once tried to had a great empire, we no longer do, but we still have remnants of that through the royal family.
Perhaps the next generation will say, well, enough is enough, but I know my generation would feel very safe with the strong royal family.
Recorded on: March 15, 2008.
As long as Queeen Elizabeth is in charge, there will be no moves.
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It turns out, that tattoo ink can travel throughout your body and settle in lymph nodes.
In the slightly macabre experiment to find out where tattoo ink travels to in the body, French and German researchers recently used synchrotron X-ray fluorescence in four "inked" human cadavers — as well as one without. The results of their 2017 study? Some of the tattoo ink apparently settled in lymph nodes.
Image from the study.
As the authors explain in the study — they hail from Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, and the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment — it would have been unethical to test this on live animals since those creatures would not be able to give permission to be tattooed.
Because of the prevalence of tattoos these days, the researchers wanted to find out if the ink could be harmful in some way.
"The increasing prevalence of tattoos provoked safety concerns with respect to particle distribution and effects inside the human body," they write.
It works like this: Since lymph nodes filter lymph, which is the fluid that carries white blood cells throughout the body in an effort to fight infections that are encountered, that is where some of the ink particles collect.
Image by authors of the study.
Titanium dioxide appears to be the thing that travels. It's a white tattoo ink pigment that's mixed with other colors all the time to control shades.
The study's authors will keep working on this in the meantime.
“In future experiments we will also look into the pigment and heavy metal burden of other, more distant internal organs and tissues in order to track any possible bio-distribution of tattoo ink ingredients throughout the body. The outcome of these investigations not only will be helpful in the assessment of the health risks associated with tattooing but also in the judgment of other exposures such as, e.g., the entrance of TiO2 nanoparticles present in cosmetics at the site of damaged skin."
It's one of the most consistent patterns in the unviverse. What causes it?
- Spinning discs are everywhere – just look at our solar system, the rings of Saturn, and all the spiral galaxies in the universe.
- Spinning discs are the result of two things: The force of gravity and a phenomenon in physics called the conservation of angular momentum.
- Gravity brings matter together; the closer the matter gets, the more it accelerates – much like an ice skater who spins faster and faster the closer their arms get to their body. Then, this spinning cloud collapses due to up and down and diagonal collisions that cancel each other out until the only motion they have in common is the spin – and voila: A flat disc.
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