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C. Raj Kumar on the role of O.P. Jindal Global Univeristy
Professor C. Raj Kumar is spearheading the initiative to establish India’s first global law school known as the Jindal Global Law School as a part of the proposed O.P. Jindal Global University to be located outside New Delhi (Sonipat, Haryana) and less than an hour from the Supreme Court of India in the heart of New Delhi. He was a Rhodes Scholar at the University of Oxford, UK, where he obtained his Bachelor of Civil Law degree; a Landon Gammon Fellow at the Harvard Law School, where he obtained his Master of Laws degree, and a James Souverine Gallo Memorial Scholar at the Harvard University. He also obtained a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Delhi, India; and a Bachelor of Commerce degree from the Loyola College of the University of Madras, India. Professor Kumar has held consultancy assignments in the field of human rights and governance. He is Consultant to the National Human Rights Commission in India. He has been a Consultant to the United Nations University, Tokyo; United Nations Development Programme; and the International Council for Human Rights Policy, Geneva. He has advised the Commission to Investigate Allegations of Bribery or Corruption in Sri Lanka and the National Human Rights Commission in India on issues relating to corruption and good governance.Professor Kumar’s areas of specialization, include, human rights and development, corruption and governance, law and disaster management, comparative constitutional law and legal education. He has more than hundred publications to his credit and has published widely in journals and law reviews in Australia, Hong Kong, India, Japan and the U.S. His three co-edited books are Human Rights and Development: Law, Policy and Governance, Tsunami and Disaster Management: Law and Governance, and Human Rights, Justice and Constitutional Empowerment.
Kumar: Well, the O.P. Jindal Global University is essentially, in some ways, a global university that is being established in India with a view to promoting excellence in teaching and research and, in some ways, advancing the dream of India becoming a knowledge economy and to take the higher education frontiers of India to another level. But, more importantly or more relevant for the current discussion which we’re having, is the first school under the O.P. Jindal Global University, which is the Jindal Global Law School. Now, it is important for me to give you some background information that this O.P. Jindal Global University is established through a very generous donation by Mr. Naveen Jindal, who is a steel tycoon but also, more importantly, he is also an elected member of Parliament from India. And because of his leadership and his commitment to corporate philanthropy, he has, you know, envisaged the establishment of a full-fledged, multi-faculty university, with the first initiative to be the Jindal Global Law School. Now, the Jindal Global Law School, the main focus of Jindal Global Law School is to establish a law school in India which will, in some ways, challenge the status quo relating to law and legal reform and institutional reform by, in some ways, enhancing the quality of legal education and research. Now, one of the major challenges which, in legal education, that India is facing for the last several years has been that we’ve not been able to have good faculty in our institutions, and, obviously, the implication of this is that the kind of legal education that is imparted in India is not, in some ways, comparable to the kind of legal education that is imparted in the best of the law schools in many parts of the developed world. And it is our intention to create such an institution in India so that it gives an opportunity for people in India and all over the world to come and study law and many other sort of inter-disciplinary subjects in this school. Now, why law… legal education and law reform is important is that India has [huge] challenges for enforcing and building a rule of law society. Although we are a very vibrant democracy, we are still having a wide range of challenges to enforce the law, and one of the reasons we’re having this challenge, and some of us very strongly believe, is that we need to have a far more rigorous training as far as legal education is concerned, and the kind of legal education that we’re imparting to our students who are going to become lawyers and who are going to participate in creating a better society is to highlight these aspects in the legal training. So what we perceive at Jindal Global Law School is that we’re not in the task of, you know, training lawyers to just take up jobs in the legal sector. The role of a lawyer in a society is much bigger, and lawyers in other societies have traditionally played that role. That role might have diminished because of what the society has attained in the years, in many years, but if you look at the [IB] face of many developed societies, in those societies, lawyers have played an important role in creating legal institutions, establishing a rule-of-law society, and, in some ways, participating in the larger governance agenda of a country. I mean, in the US itself, we have, you know… Now, you have elected President Obama, who happens to be a lawyer, and one of the things which is also part of our agenda is that to bring in the larger product of leadership within legal training. Unfortunately, this is an area which has been neglected and Indian universities have not been successful to, in some ways, train and create leaders who can, you know, assume a leadership role to build this, build our nation. And one of the things which we hope to achieve through the Jindal Global Law School is also to examine and to develop how lawyers can play a leadership role within a society.
Question: From where will you draw the faculty
Kumar: Well, in fact, as I just said, the reason we are looking at the best of the faculties that we believe that higher education institutions like the Jindal Global Law School and O.P. Jindal Global University are to substantially commit itself to research, writing, and scholarship. If you look at the best of the universities in the world, not just in the US, whether you take Harvard or Yale or Stanford or Oxford or Cambridge or other universities, at the higher education level, the emphasis has been on scholarship, research, and writing. And, of course, teaching is always an important role for any academic, but one should not undermine the role of research and, in many ways, the higher the educational level one attains, research becomes more and more important because the academics are all the time should be called upon to bring in great ideas to solve the biggest problems of humankind. Now, if … And with that goal, we are very conscious of the fact that the challenges to attract faculty is a bit large in India. Now, it’s important to give you some background information why this challenge is [quite large] and it is, it’s felt … this challenge is not only felt in India. You’ll find the situation, similar situations, prevailing in many countries, including in the US. Of course, the gravity of the challenge is much more in developing countries. Now, what has happened is that in the last 2 decades or so, the legal profession in India has increasingly become a very lucrative profession, and so the bright and the brilliant law graduates from Indian law schools are increasingly choosing career paths ranging from working for a corporate law firm in India or outside India, doing a Masters Degree outside and staying back to work at a law firm or multi-national corporations, or into governmental organizations or many other career paths, excepting academia in India. Now, there are a variety of reasons why this is the case. I mean, obviously the compensation regime that prevails, that rewards our academics as very low. We have to improve that, and we are working on it. When I say ‘we,’ the country is working on it at the governmental level as well, recognizing that our teachers have to be paid more. There is also an issue of mediocrity, which is settled in many of our institutions, because of which there is so little scope for career growth, career development, and there is little inspiration and motivation that prevails within academic institutions to nurture scholarship. So we intend to address that, and one of the ways by which we intend to address this is that, from the beginning, we are very conscious that if you want to create a good institution, it will significantly depend upon its faculty, and because of the fact that this institution is a private university and a private law school and the donor, Mr. Naveen Jindal, is absolutely committed to quality and educational excellence, we are in a position to, in some ways, create that intellectually vibrant environment within that institution which will be able to attract the best and the brightest people from all over the world. We also hope to make our compensation significantly higher than what, that is prevailing, currently prevailing in public universities in India and probably other private universities in India. Here, we, with a view to recognizing that whatever we pay for our faculty to come and teach at our school, the best and the brightest people could have probably made much more in private sector or in corporate law firms. We, obviously, are not in a situation to ever match with them, but we definitely want to recognize that the academics deserve encouragement, need that kind of an environment where they can grow, they can produce, they can create scholarship, and ultimately, the scholarship has to benefit the society at large, and that’s the biggest project which we’re having, which is to see to what extent our research is application-oriented, to what extent it can solve the problems of the society, be it in the area of corporate law, be it in the area of human rights, be it in the area of technology law, be it in the area of intellectual property rights. So our school is expected to be very multi-disciplinary in its approach. It also has to… Its agenda is to develop a wide range of research centers which will sort of encourage research at all levels. One of the problems, again, if I may say that, is that the… traditionally, there has been a bias in favor of pursuing research relating to public law, that is constitutional law, administrative law, and including human rights and other areas, and because of which we don’t have, you know, serious academics in Indian institutions who have any sound expertise in the field of corporate law, you know, intellectual property law, even trade law, and corporate governance, and all these areas. And these are very important areas and are, in some ways, going to shape the future of our, of all our societies and address many of the problems which we are facing even today. Now, if you look at the best of the law schools in the US, and again, I would like to draw the example of Harvard Law School or Yale Law School, NYU or Stanford, you’ll find the best of the academics in all these areas of law. So it’s not the case where if you are good in human rights, you probably have to ignore corporate law. That’s not the case at all. I mean, Harvard has some of the best professors in the field of human rights as it is in the field of corporate law and corporate governance. And that happens, in some ways, because of the commitment to excellence that the faculty and school ought to have, and that’s the inspiration we have drawn from these institutions and we intend to implement that in our institution, that is the Jindal Global Law School.
Question: How do you effectively draw faculty from abroad?
Kumar: Well, you know, we are very fortunate that since the inception of this idea, almost, say, 2 ½ years back, we’ve got phenomenal support from US law schools. The, almost over 2 years back, I consulted an international board of advisors which myself and a professor from Yale’s Law School, Peter Schuck, we co-chair it, the members of this international board of advisors, a number of them are professors at Harvard, Yale, NYU, Oxford, you know, and other law schools all over the world. This almost started 2 years back and in the last 2 years, our interaction with these law schools have increased significantly that in this year alone, in my previous visit, when I had an opportunity to talk and give seminars at Yale, NYU and Harvard, this resulted in we establishing concrete forms of collaboration with Harvard Law School, NYU School of Law, Yale Law School, along with a number of other schools in the US, and of course Australia and UK and other parts of Asia as well. And the first thing which I have noticed is that there is a, there is… the people who have come forward to associate with us in this initiative have been themselves committed to creating excellent institutions globally. And, to start with, they have built an excellent institution in this country and the commitment has been to see to it that other countries, including India, get an opportunity to build amazing and good institutions, and that’s the remarkable encouragement and support which I’ve received from a number of professors in these institutions. Now, what is even more, I would say, encouraging for us at the Jindal Global Law School is that this support was not just through word of mouth. We have received formal letters of collaboration, evincing interest to collaborate with us on a wide range of areas. To give you an example, we’ve got letters from the Vice Dean of Harvard Law School, from the directors of several programs at Yale and Harvard and NYU, to specifically evincing interest to collaborate with us on faculty exchange, student exchange, joint teaching, joint research, curriculum development, summer programs with our students coming and spending a period of time here and the students from here coming and spending a period of time at Jindal Global Law School. The librarians of Harvard Law School, Yale Law School and the NYU School of Law have been extremely supportive to us by giving us the relevant information and pretty much to help us build a global law library at Jindal Global Law School. And this is in all in the true spirit of global institution building which these institutions have committed themselves to, and I’m extremely grateful to the deans of these three law schools at least but also many other law schools in the country who have come forward to help us. Now what is in it for them? One of the things which they feel is that, one is that a world-class institution in an important country like India would greatly benefit for the creation of knowledge, and that itself is a noble objective which academics are committed to, and the second important objective is that many of the institutions are now engaged in a wide range of issues relating to comparative law, international or trans-national law, legal education is globalized, no longer our education can focus on one country or one jurisdiction’s problems. There is so much of overlap between the issues that can prevail, that can affect one country, and it is important for our students to have global exposure of issues. So I’m looking at a number of faculty members from these law schools in the US to come and spend a period of time at our law school and, in due course, our faculty members can also come and teach and do research here.
O.P. Jindal University hopes to challenge the status quo in law and legal reform, says C. Raj Kumar.
Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.
Want help raising your kids? Spend more time at church, says new study.
- Religious people tend to have more children than secular people, but why remains unknown.
- A new study suggests that the social circles provided by regular church going make raising kids easier.
- Conversely, having a large secular social group made women less likely to have children.
Be fruitful and multiply<p>Scientists in the United Kingdom collected data on more than 13,000 mothers and their children. Most of them were religious, but 12 percent were not. The data included information on their church habits, social networks, number of children, and the scores those children achieved on a standardized test.</p><p>In line with previous findings that religious women have more children than secular women in industrialized countries, a connection between at least monthly church attendance and fertility was confirmed. However, religious parents showed they could avoid the pitfalls that having more children can bring. </p><p>Typically, more children in a family leads to reduced cognitive ability and height in each <a href="https://academic.oup.com/ije/article/37/6/1408/729795" target="_blank">child</a>. Some studies find that children do less well in school for each <a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13524-016-0471-0" target="_blank">additional sibling they have</a>. This makes a kind of intuitive sense, as parents with more children would have to divide their time, energy, and resources among more people as families expand. One would expect that the larger families would also lead to things like lower test scores. </p><p>Despite the expectation, the children of religious parents didn't have lower scores on standardized tests. There were small positive relationships between the size of the mother's social network, the number of co-religionists helping out, and the children's test scores. However, this association was small, didn't show up in all of the testings, and was unrelated to other variables. </p> These effects might be explained by the size and helpfulness of the social networks around the more religious. Women who went to church at least once a month had more extensive social networks than those who never go or who attend yearly. These social networks of co-religious people mean that there are more people to turn to for help with child-rearing, a point also demonstrated in the data. The amount of aid women got from their fellow churchgoers was also associated with a higher fertility rate. <br> <br> Conversely, an extensive social network was associated with fewer children for secular women. This finding is in line with <a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1207/s15327957pspr0904_5" target="_blank">previous studies</a> and suggests that the social networks comprised of co-religious individuals differ from those found elsewhere.
So, how quickly should I join a local religious group?<div class="rm-shortcode" data-media_id="6RrmYM8M" data-player_id="FvQKszTI" data-rm-shortcode-id="9eb4740a7d1e10108a75fd2ed627a90f"> <div id="botr_6RrmYM8M_FvQKszTI_div" class="jwplayer-media" data-jwplayer-video-src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/6RrmYM8M-FvQKszTI.js"> <img src="https://cdn.jwplayer.com/thumbs/6RrmYM8M-1920.jpg" class="jwplayer-media-preview" /> </div> <script src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/6RrmYM8M-FvQKszTI.js"></script> </div> <p>The study is not without its faults, and more investigations into the relationship between fertility, childcare, ritual, and social networks are needed.</p><p>These findings all show correlation, not causation. Though it might be said the results point towards causation, various alternative interpretations of the data are apparent. The authors note that most religions are explicitly pro-natal. It is possible that religious women have internalized these values and simply choose to have more children than secular women do.</p><p>This idea is similar to a potential interpretation of why large social networks have the opposite effect for secular women. The authors suggest that, in some cases, these more extensive social networks are associated with work and exert an anti-natal influence. Again, the people who build such networks may be people unlikely to have large families under any circumstances.</p><p>However, the researchers' hypothesis endured. The help religious women get from their church-based social networks allows them to have larger families than those who lack these support systems. In some instances, these support systems also prevent the adverse effects of larger families. </p>
The community religion offers<p>As we've mentioned <a href="https://bigthink.com/culture-religion/what-is-secular-humanism" target="_blank">before</a>, religion offers a community, and a community provides social capital. As religion continues to decline in the West, the social bonds of faith communities that used to tie social communities together begin to decay. However, as has been noted by a variety of observers for the last few decades, fewer and fewer new organizations appear ready to replace religion as a source of community in our lives.</p><p>While many different organizations might offer social support that religion once provided the whole of western society, this study shows that different social circles can differently affect the people in them. This finding must be considered by those trying to find new communities to join or the authors of future research. </p><p>The community offered by religious groups provides real benefits to those who join them. As this study shows, having the support network religious community offers allows some parents to avoid pitfalls that bedevil those lacking similar support. It suggests that previous studies demonstrating that group ritual offers benefits like increased amounts of <a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0956797612472910" target="_blank">group trust</a> and <a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1069397103037002003" target="_blank">cooperation</a> are onto something and that those benefits have a variety of applications. </p><p>While this study is not without its blind spots, it offers a strong starting point for further investigations into the nature of ritual in our modern lives and how local support networks remain vital in our increasingly globalized world. </p>
Health officials in China reported that a man was infected with bubonic plague, the infectious disease that caused the Black Death.
- The case was reported in the city of Bayannur, which has issued a level-three plague prevention warning.
- Modern antibiotics can effectively treat bubonic plague, which spreads mainly by fleas.
- Chinese health officials are also monitoring a newly discovered type of swine flu that has the potential to develop into a pandemic virus.
Bacteria under microscope
needpix.com<p>Today, bubonic plague can be treated effectively with antibiotics.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Unlike in the 14th century, we now have an understanding of how this disease is transmitted," Dr. Shanthi Kappagoda, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Health Care, told <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">Healthline</a>. "We know how to prevent it — avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where there is transmission. We are also able to treat patients who are infected with effective antibiotics, and can give antibiotics to people who may have been exposed to the bacteria [and] prevent them [from] getting sick."</p>
This plague patient is displaying a swollen, ruptured inguinal lymph node, or buboe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention<p>Still, hundreds of people develop bubonic plague every year. In the U.S., a handful of cases occur annually, particularly in New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado, <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/plague/faq/index.html" target="_blank">where habitats allow the bacteria to spread more easily among wild rodent populations</a>. But these cases are very rare, mainly because you need to be in close contact with rodents in order to get infected. And though plague can spread from human to human, this <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">only occurs with pneumonic plague</a>, and transmission is also rare.</p>
A new swine flu in China<p>Last week, researchers in China also reported another public health concern: a new virus that has "all the essential hallmarks" of a pandemic virus.<br></p><p>In a paper published in the <a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/06/23/1921186117" target="_blank">Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</a>, researchers say the virus was discovered in pigs in China, and it descended from the H1N1 virus, commonly called "swine flu." That virus was able to transmit from human to human, and it killed an estimated 151,700 to 575,400 people worldwide from 2009 to 2010, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</p>There's no evidence showing that the new virus can spread from person to person. But the researchers did find that 10 percent of swine workers had been infected by the virus, called G4 reassortant EA H1N1. This level of infectivity raises concerns, because it "greatly enhances the opportunity for virus adaptation in humans and raises concerns for the possible generation of pandemic viruses," the researchers wrote.
A neuroscientist argues that da Vinci shared a disorder with Picasso and Rembrandt.
- A neuroscientist at the City University of London proposes that Leonardo da Vinci may have had exotropia, allowing him to see the world with impaired depth perception.
- If true, it means that Da Vinci would have been able to see the images he wanted to paint as they would have appeared on a flat surface.
- The finding reminds us that sometimes looking at the world in a different way can have fantastic results.
The study<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xODc3Mjc2NS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY1MTA4MDg2NH0.T-98YvLjS9mUCQkgqHyV43Q7h_JIiubrev-Fp_0j4Pg/img.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C38%2C0%2C579&height=700" id="58346" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="674799ba34e115a2e9a3e94c366bfc26" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
The Virtuvian Man. Christopher Tyler suggests that Da Vinci used his own image as a template for the face in the drawing.
Vitruvian Man, by Leonardo da Vinci created c. 1480–1490<p><a href="https://www.city.ac.uk/people/academics/christopher-tyler" target="_blank">Professor Christopher Tyler</a> of the City University of London's optometry division analyzed six pieces of Renaissance art by or held to be images of Da Vinci, including the famous <em>Vitruvian Man. </em>By looking at the paintings, drawings, and statues and applying the same techniques optometrists use on patients, Tyler was able to conclude that the eyes of the men depicted were misaligned.</p><p> He concluded that, if the images he analyzed were truly reflective of how Da Vinci looked, that the great artist had a mild case of exotropia. </p>
How would this have helped him paint?<span style="display:block;position:relative;padding-top:56.25%;" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="b221010aa7688734d4d6a41f0df5933f"><iframe type="lazy-iframe" data-runner-src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/j6F-sHhmfrY?rel=0" width="100%" height="auto" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;"></iframe></span><p><a href="https://shileyeye.ucsd.edu/faculty/shira-robbins" target="_blank">Shira Robbins</a>, a professor of ophthalmology at the University of California at San Diego, who was not involved with the project, explained to <em><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2018/10/19/leonardo-da-vincis-genius-may-be-rooted-in-a-common-eye-disorder-new-study-says/?utm_term=.d3f44ed91c16" target="_blank">The Washington Post</a> </em>how individuals with exotropia often turn to additional information to help understand the world around them:</p><blockquote>"What happens in some people is when they're only using one eye . . . they develop other cues besides traditional depth perception to understand where things are in space, looking at color and shadow in a way that most of us who use both eyes at a time don't really appreciate." </blockquote><p>Dr. Robbins agrees that, if the artworks analyzed accurately depict Da Vinci, then he probably had exotropia.</p><p>If Da Vinci did have a mild form of the condition, which would allow him to focus with both eyes when concentrating and with one when relaxed, Tyler asserts that the famed artist could have viewed the world in two or three dimensions at will, showing him the world exactly as he would need to recreate it on a flat surface. Quite the superpower for an artist.</p>
Does this mean Da Vinci would have been a hack if he had normal eyesight?<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xODc3MjY5NS9vcmlnaW4ucG5nIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYyMjYwOTgxOH0.eSu3YBpCuaDj59-4lzSeZ1WgwtV2ETGiWHqczzW3how/img.png?width=980" id="9c323" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="edd4e9e9d9c1156a53242df6288d7cc0" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
A graph showing the difference in where each eye is focused for each painting, drawing, and statue used in the study. The larger the difference, the more pronounced the exotropia is in the image.<p>Not at all. What Dr. Tyler is suggesting is that the tendency of people who have exotropia to rely on using one eye to see the world and thereby lose some depth perception allowed Da Vinci to understand better how the three-dimensional objects in the world could be translated into a two-dimensional image on a canvas. This could account for some of Da Vinci's skill in depicting shadow and subtle changes in color, since he would have relied on these details to understand the world. <br><br>His polymathic brilliance extended far beyond art, and nobody is claiming that his ideas for flying machines, tanks, or <a href="http://www.da-vinci-inventions.com/davinci-inventions.aspx" target="_blank">other inventions </a>were at all influenced by a vision problem.</p>
How can we know this? He has been dead for five hundred years.<span style="display:block;position:relative;padding-top:56.25%;" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="c26fc51b0aebbcd6905593015fec79e5"><iframe type="lazy-iframe" data-runner-src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/LRAptNtN9-A?rel=0" width="100%" height="auto" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;"></iframe></span><p>There are reasons to be cautious anytime we make claims about people who are long dead. In this case, we have the bonus problem that we aren't 100 percent sure that the images used are supposed to look like Da Vinci. </p><p> That is the major caveat of the idea; all of the images used as evidence of his condition are assumed to look like him. While some of the images, like the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_(Verrocchio)" target="_blank"><em>David</em> by Andrea del Verrocchio</a>, are generally agreed to be based on Leonardo the other pictures are claimed to be reflective of him based only on his statement that "[The soul] guides the painter's arm and makes him reproduce himself, since it appears to the soul that this is the best way to represent a human being." </p><p>Tyler also argues that the portraits he claims are based on Da Vinci share similarities with the images generally accepted to be portraits of him; including similar hair and facial features. This lends weight to the idea that the artist incorporated his own traits into his artwork, including his vision problem. </p><p>Leonardo da Vinci was undoubtedly one of the greatest geniuses of all time. If he had exotropia, then it was merely a minor addition to his artistic skills. It does, however, give us a literal example of how people who look at the world differently can use that vantage point to their advantage to create things we all can appreciate. </p>
The word "learning" opens up space for more people, places, and ideas.
- The terms 'education' and 'learning' are often used interchangeably, but there is a cultural connotation to the former that can be limiting. Education naturally links to schooling, which is only one form of learning.
- Gregg Behr, founder and co-chair of Remake Learning, believes that this small word shift opens up the possibilities in terms of how and where learning can happen. It also becomes a more inclusive practice, welcoming in a larger, more diverse group of thinkers.
- Post-COVID, the way we think about what learning looks like will inevitably change, so it's crucial to adjust and begin building the necessary support systems today.