- A new study highlights the difficulties faced by women who struggle with decreased sexual desire, and explains how to navigate desire discrepancies in long-term relationships.
- Hypoactive sexual desire disorder is one of the most common forms of female sexual dysfunction, impacting an estimated 1 in 10 women.
- Finding other ways to promote intimacy in your relationship is one of the keys to ensuring happiness on both sides.
The loss of sexual desire is something that can impact anyone, no matter their gender or sexual orientation, but for the sake of this particular study, researchers focused on the female libido.
Hypoactive sexual desire disorder is defined as an absence of sexual fantasies and/or the lack of receptivity to sexual activity that (that causes personal distress or difficulties in her relationships). This is the most common form of female sexual dysfunction and it can impact women of all ages.
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This 2020 study published in the Journal of Sex Research, led by Dr. Avigail Moor and her colleagues Yael Haimov and Shaked Shreiber, focused on 15 women between the ages of 25-59, all of whom were in committed, heterosexual, long-term relationships (with a median relationship length of 3.5 years) to better understand decreases in female sexual desire. Approximately half the women in this sample had children.
During this study, the women were asked various questions about:
- The quality of their relationship
- How their relationship has been impacted by their decreased sexual desire
- What they believe could have caused a decrease in their sexual desire over the course of their relationship
- What impact they felt this had on themselves and their relationship
- How they dealt with the decreased sexual desire themselves
- How the couple dealt with and/or navigated the decrease in sexual desire together
There are a number of reasons why women, in particular, could be going through a libido decline, including:
- Job stress
- Family stress
- Self-confidence struggles
- Declining hormones or hormone imbalances
- Relationship issues
- Health conditions
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Assistant professor at Harvard Medical School Jan Shifren, MD, explains in an interview: “One of the first things I do speaking to women who come in with sexual concerns is let them know that there is no normal frequency or set of behaviors and things change with times. If it’s working for them and/or their partner, there is no problem.”
Shifren goes on to explain that when the decreases in sexual interest begin having a negative impact on her life and cause distress in the relationship, this is when it’s considered a problem of low sexual desire.
If it is believed to be a problem, there are a few things this study, in particular, has highlighted.
Love doesn’t equal desire, and a lack of desire doesn’t equal disaster.
Participants of this study explained that their sexual desire (or lack thereof) never made them doubt their relationship or the feelings they had for their partner. They saw the sexual desire and love for their partner as two very separate things.
Over half the participants said they didn’t believe their decreased sexual desire had a negative impact on their relationship, explaining that they have more intimate, deeper connections with their partner that went beyond sex. Many women who felt this way cited the fact that they were navigating life’s ups and downs, things like parenthood and job stress, with their partner, which made them feel closer to their partners even if the sexual desire wasn’t there.
This is an extremely isolating problem even if it impacts the whole relationship.
In order to make sense of the rapid changes in their desires or the complete lack of sexual drive, many women in the study claimed they looked inwards, often blaming themselves. Instead of thinking that this is a common thing many individuals (and many other women) struggle with, many of these participants felt guilty about their low libidos, thinking it must be their problem.
Among these women, feelings of guilt and self-blame were frequent over the course of their interviews.
Even in situations where there was very minimal negative impact on the relationship, desire discrepancies still caused some tension.
While over half the women involved stated they did not feel desire discrepancies in their relationship negatively impacted their relationship, many women still did describe feeling some sort of “pressure” to have sex more often.
Despite having relationships that were described as loving and healthy, some of the women in the study indicated that they have, in the past, still experienced conflict with their partner over how long it had been since they had sex. Some women also stated they were worried that their partner took their low libido personally.
How can you navigate desire discrepancies in long-term relationships?
This is one of the first studies to focus so specifically on female sexual dysfunction in long-term relationships, so there is still a lot of research to be done. What we have learned from this study, however, can help us better understand how to navigate these difficult challenges of intimate relationships.
Strategies that can be used to address the problems in the relationship that are caused by having a low sex drive can be things like:
- Creating an honest line of communication. Participating in conversations that allow each person to be open and honest about how they feel can promote intimacy and bonding as well as a deeper understanding of what the other person is going through.
- Compromising. This doesn’t mean simply having sex when you don’t feel like it, but it can be other things that promote intimacy such as a date night or incorporating other forms of physical affection into your relationship.
- Treating this like any other relationship problem. Relationships take work, and just as you navigate difficulties due to chores, finances, and responsibilities, you can navigate the struggles of low sexual desire by creating an environment of understanding and having a desire to make things work.