The world is on course for a “catastrophic” 6 degrees centigrade rise in temperature by the end of the century, which means the worst-case predictions for climate change are coming true, according to The Independent. The rise in temperature will be much higher near the poles, which scientists say will have “cataclysmic and irreversible consequences for the Earth, making large parts of the planet uninhabitable and threatening the basis of human civilisation.” The reason for the rise is due to carbon dioxide emissions. “This means that the most extreme scenario envisaged in the last report from the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, published in 2007, is now the one for which society is set, according to the 31 researchers from seven countries involved in the Global Carbon Project.”