Was the order to cause "shock and awe" in Iraq in 2003 a punishable war crime?
The Treaty of Rome that governs the International Criminal Court (ICC) identifies the causing of "excessive incidental (civilian) death" as a punishable war crime. Since it is now undisputed that the "shock and awe" invasion of Iraq caused tens of thousands of civilian deaths with no proportionate justification, should those who ordered the invasion (George W. Bush, Richard Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld)be prosecuted as war criminals? If so, how can this realistically be accomplished in light of the fact that neither the U.S. nor Iraq have sanctioned the Treaty of Rome, as well as the fact that U.S. courts are prone to disallow such war-related prosecutions on the basis of the "political question doctrine", as well as lack of "standing"?
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Is it "perverseness," the "death drive," or something else?
She met mere mortals with and without the Vatican's approval.
- For centuries, the Virgin Mary has appeared to the faithful, requesting devotion and promising comfort.
- These maps show the geography of Marian apparitions – the handful approved by the Vatican, and many others.
- Historically, Europe is where most apparitions have been reported, but the U.S. is pretty fertile ground too.
It's up to us humans to re-humanize our world. An economy that prioritizes growth and profits over humanity has led to digital platforms that "strip the topsoil" of human behavior, whole industries, and the planet, giving less and less back. And only we can save us.
- It's an all-hands-on-deck moment in the arc of civilization.
- Everyone has a choice: Do you want to try to earn enough money to insulate yourself from the world you're creating— or do you want to make the world a place you don't have to insulate yourself from?
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