Was the order to cause "shock and awe" in Iraq in 2003 a punishable war crime?
The Treaty of Rome that governs the International Criminal Court (ICC) identifies the causing of "excessive incidental (civilian) death" as a punishable war crime. Since it is now undisputed that the "shock and awe" invasion of Iraq caused tens of thousands of civilian deaths with no proportionate justification, should those who ordered the invasion (George W. Bush, Richard Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld)be prosecuted as war criminals? If so, how can this realistically be accomplished in light of the fact that neither the U.S. nor Iraq have sanctioned the Treaty of Rome, as well as the fact that U.S. courts are prone to disallow such war-related prosecutions on the basis of the "political question doctrine", as well as lack of "standing"?
New research links urban planning and political polarization.
- Canadian researchers find that excessive reliance on cars changes political views.
- Decades of car-centric urban planning normalized unsustainable lifestyles.
- People who prefer personal comfort elect politicians who represent such views.
Progressive America would be half as big, but twice as populated as its conservative twin.
- Why can't we have a human-sized cat tree?
- What would happen if you got a spoonful of a neutron star?
- Why do we insist on dividing our wonderfully complex selves into boring little boxes
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