“Let’s get something done”: The UN’s Sustainable Development Goals
How the U.N. hatched the most ambitious plan in the world.
Jeffrey Sachs: When I was a kid the greatest thing imaginable for me was the moonshot. President John F. Kennedy said to the U.S. Congress in May 1961, “I believe this country should commit itself to the goal, before the decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the Earth.” Well, how cool was that? And President Kennedy’s vision not only rallied the country but was fulfilled when Neil Armstrong walked on the moon in the summer of 1969. In our time we’ve had a different kind of moonshot in my opinion, and that is the moonshot to make our world safe, fair and sustainable. And Kofi Annan, then Secretary-General of the United Nations in the year 2000, a great man, at the start of the new millennium said to the world leaders, “Let’s also take a goal, a goal to fight global poverty and wrestle it down to size.” And he put on the agenda of the world the Millennium Development Goals. These were adopted in a summit of the heads of state in the year 2000, and they said “Let’s get extreme poverty, the kind of poverty that kills, let’s get that down at least by half by the year 2015.” Well, despite all the noise in the world, and the uncaring and the distractions and the confusion and the war in Iraq and all the rest, there was some focus finally on this kind of moonshot in our time of fighting extreme poverty and major initiatives were undertaken. For example, establishing the global fund to fight AIDS, TB and malaria and those diseases started to really get under control for the first time; big successes, even in a distracted and confused world. Well, fast-forward 12 years after those Millennium Development Goals were adopted to 2012, yet again world leaders came together on the anniversary of the Earth Summit, which had been a 1992 meeting, to try to tackle climate change, environmental crisis, and so on in Rio de Janeiro. Twenty years later when governments got together again they looked and they said “We’re not doing very well. Climate change is running out of control, we’re destroying other species, we’re chopping down the Amazon. You look around, we’ve got serious problems.” At that point one of the governments, the government of Colombia, had a really bright idea, and the Colombian Government noted, “Look the Millennium Development Goals are making progress against poverty, why don’t we have a set of goals that builds on that to achieve sustainable development?” What did they mean by that? What does even sustainable development mean? What it means is that we want a world that is prosperous but also fair and environmentally sustainable, where we’re not destroying ourselves with human-induced global warming and destroying other species and polluting to the extent that millions of people die prematurely every year because of air and water pollution, and wrecking our oceans as well. So in 2012 the government said, looking at the Millennium Goals and their progress, “Let’s take the period after 2015 to 2030 to get finally the world on track to achieve sustainable development, that is: a world of prosperity, social justice and environmental sustainability.” And lo and behold they negotiated, they adopted goals and targets, and on September 25, 2015 all 193 governments of the United Nations, by acclamation, following a marvelous speech by Pope Francis in the chamber of the U.N. General Assembly, adopted the Sustainable Development Goals. These are the world’s agreed objectives for the year 2030 to end extreme poverty, end hunger, get every kid in school, ensure universal health coverage, fight for gender equality, reduce inequalities of income and wealth, control climate change, and stop the destruction of biodiversity. Pretty cool. For me it’s our moonshot. It’s phenomenal compared to the foolishness of most of what our government does these days—wouldn’t it be wonderful if we were actually solving problems? And that’s the idea of the Sustainable Development Goals: let’s get something done. Politics is not a game of one fool trying to hold power against another fool or how much money can you throw in so that you can buy your congressman or senator so they’ll vote for your tax cut so that you can have an X gazillion dollars rather than only Y gazillion dollars, which is what American politics is right now, but rather: why don’t we make a 21st century that is smart, fair and sustainable. So I really recommend the SDGs, I recommend everybody learn them, see them, understand them. Every part of society can play a role. I’m an academic. I believe universities can get in there help solve these problems, show what can be done. Businesses: how do we align with sustainability not sell cruddy products that wreck the planet but good ones that can sustain the planet? Churches, communities, congregations, cities: how do we get organized to be smart, fair, and sustainable rather than wrecking the planet and pervading unfairness? This is a job or for everybody, so I call it our generation’s moonshot, and I strongly recommended them.
- The United Nation's goals by 2030 are to eliminate world hunger, provide universal healthcare, and more.
- Research shows that there is more than enough money to build a future that is smart, fair and sustainable.
- Like the moon-landing in 1969, these goals are achievable... if people can work together.
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- The coronavirus pandemic may have a silver lining: It shows how insanely resourceful kids really are.
- Let Grow, a non-profit promoting independence as a critical part of childhood, ran an "Independence Challenge" essay contest for kids. Here are a few of the amazing essays that came in.
- Download Let Grow's free Independence Kit with ideas for kids.
We must rethink the "chemical imbalance" theory of mental health.
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- The global antidepressant market is expected to reach $28.6 billion this year.
Or is doubt a self-fulfilling prophecy?
Philosophers like to present their works as if everything before it was wrong. Sometimes, they even say they have ended the need for more philosophy. So, what happens when somebody realizes they were mistaken?
Sometimes philosophers are wrong and admitting that you could be wrong is a big part of being a real philosopher. While most philosophers make minor adjustments to their arguments to correct for mistakes, others make large shifts in their thinking. Here, we have four philosophers who went back on what they said earlier in often radical ways.
The future of learning will be different, and now is the time to lay the groundwork.
- The coronavirus pandemic has left many at an interesting crossroads in terms of mapping out the future of their respective fields and industries. For schools, that may mean a total shift not only in how educators teach, but what they teach.
- One important strategy moving forward, thought leader Caroline Hill says, is to push back against the idea that getting ahead is more important than getting along. "The opportunity that education has in this moment to really push students and think about what is the right way to live, how do we do it and how do we do it in a way that doesn't hurt or rob the dignity of other people?"
- Hill also argues that now is the time for bigger swings and for removing the barriers that limit education. The online space is boundary free and provides educators with new opportunities to connect with students around the world.