China's Economic Future
David Dollar has served as the World Bank's China Director and is currently the U.S. Treasury Department's Economic and Financial Emissary to China.
Before this assignment, Mr. Dollar worked as Director for the development research department of the World Bank, overseeing the Bank’s research on the investment climate and growth. He co-authored the recent World Bank reports Globalization, Growth, and Poverty and Assessing Aid. His earlier work focused on aid and growth, and the determinants of the success and failure of reform programs supported by structural adjustment lending. He has been a key World Bank spokesperson on investment climate, globalization, and the effectiveness of aid.
He has a PhD in economics from New York University and a B.A. in Chinese history and language from Dartmouth College.
David Dollar: I think prospects for continued growth in China are very good for the next decade or so. All the fundamentals that have led China to grow well remain in place for another decade or so. After that things start to change. Because of China's one child policy, the labor force is actually going to start to shrink as early as 2020. So I think once you get past 2020, it's gonna be very hard for China to grow rapidly. Because when your labor force is declining, it's very hard to keep up high growth. But 2020 is 13 years away. I think prospects for growth are good. To me the biggest single issue or challenge that China faces is natural resource scarcity and environmental degradation. So while China is growing well, there are a lot of environmental problems. Some of those are getting worse. The people are very concerned about this. So the government has started doing attitude surveys or household surveys to get people's input into what they think the government should be doing. When they did this in Beijing, the two biggest issues on people's mind were air pollution and traffic. So I think there's a lot of pressure on Chinese government at a central and local level to try to improve environmental conditions, to try to improve the quality of life. And it's a big challenge to keep up that eight to ten percent growth, and also improve environment at the same time. So I really do see that as the key challenge that the country faces in the next 15 years or so.
Recorded on: 7/3/07
China's prospects in the next decade are very good, Dollar says.
Here's the science of black holes, from supermassive monsters to ones the size of ping-pong balls.
- There's more than one way to make a black hole, says NASA's Michelle Thaller. They're not always formed from dead stars. For example, there are teeny tiny black holes all around us, the result of high-energy cosmic rays slamming into our atmosphere with enough force to cram matter together so densely that no light can escape.
- CERN is trying to create artificial black holes right now, but don't worry, it's not dangerous. Scientists there are attempting to smash two particles together with such intensity that it creates a black hole that would live for just a millionth of a second.
- Thaller uses a brilliant analogy involving a rubber sheet, a marble, and an elephant to explain why different black holes have varying densities. Watch and learn!
- Bonus fact: If the Earth became a black hole, it would be crushed to the size of a ping-pong ball.
Protected animals are feared to be headed for the black market.
In a breakthrough for nuclear fusion research, scientists at China's Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor have produced temperatures necessary for nuclear fusion on Earth.
- The EAST reactor was able to heat hydrogen to temperatures exceeding 100 million degrees Celsius.
- Nuclear fusion could someday provide the planet with a virtually limitless supply of clean energy.
- Still, scientists have many other obstacles to pass before fusion technology becomes a viable energy source.
SMARTER FASTER trademarks owned by The Big Think, Inc. All rights reserved.