Carol Gilligan on Giving Women a Voice
Carol Gilligan: After I wrote different voice I did this work on girls, which was in some ways for me the most revelatory and radical, because there was, I heard of voice in girls, my colleagues and I did, that was at once familiar and surprising and it was an honest voice and it was girls saying what they knew, and then we watched girls struggle to keep that voice
in their relationship and I think women right now have - I think that work has had huge effect on women, because it is said there is a - that voice in you and if you are not hearing it, where is it and I think the shifts in our culture have provided a lot more resilience for a women to say well actually this is what I think. I remember I had a graduate student, this is in by recall what I call the olden days, who was in her thesis or else and she was asked question and she said “well, if I were to speak for myself” and I said to her “as suppose to…” I mean who are you specking for? If not for yourself and we live in a democracy, which means as citizens we need to all speak for ourselves and that is how democracy functions. So, I think yes, I think women are very good at look at the world. It’s changed and it is not changed. There are women in all kinds of places where there were in no women before. So, it’s obviously you cannot chop those changes without changing everybody’s intimate life’s, everybody’s life’s and relationships have changed. And then there are things that haven’t changed, like look at who are the heads of the fortune 500 companies, but it is changing. I mean look at the countries of the world around as a women president, I mean Chile and Germany and one of the African countries, so its huge, we are in the middle of it, right now and that’s what I think.
Despite some gains, women are still faced with voices telling them to not be themselves.
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Research by neuroscientists at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory helps explain how the brain regulates arousal.
The big day has come: You are taking your road test to get your driver's license. As you start your mom's car with a stern-faced evaluator in the passenger seat, you know you'll need to be alert but not so excited that you make mistakes. Even if you are simultaneously sleep-deprived and full of nervous energy, you need your brain to moderate your level of arousal so that you do your best.
A disturbing interview given by a KGB defector in 1984 describes America of today and outlines four stages of mass brainwashing used by the KGB.
- Bezmenov described this process as "a great brainwashing" which has four basic stages.
- The first stage is called "demoralization" which takes from 15 to 20 years to achieve.
- According to the former KGB agent, that is the minimum number of years it takes to re-educate one generation of students that is normally exposed to the ideology of its country.
When these companies compete, in the current system, the people lose.
- When a company reaches the top of the ladder, they typically kick it away so that others cannot climb up on it. The aim? So that another company can't compete.
- When this happens in the pharmaceutical world, certain companies stay at the top of the ladder, through broadly-protected patents, at the cost of everyday people benefitting from increased competition.
- Since companies have worked out how to legally game the system, Amin argues we need to get rid of this "one size fits all" system, which treats product innovation — "tweaks" — the same as product invention.
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