To whom are we accountable?
Scott McLeod, J.D., Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Educational Leadership at the University of Kentucky. He also is the Founding Director of the UCEA Center for the Advanced Study of Technology Leadership in Education (CASTLE), the nation’s only academic center dedicated to the technology needs of school administrators, and was a co-creator of the wildly popular video series, Did You Know? (Shift Happens). He has received numerous national awards for his technology leadership work, including recognitions from the cable industry, Phi Delta Kappa, and the National School Boards Association. In Spring 2011 he was a Visiting Canterbury Fellow at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. Dr. McLeod blogs regularly about technology leadership issues at Dangerously Irrelevant and Mind Dump, and occasionally at The Huffington Post. He can be reached at scottmcleod.net.
Guest post by Tyler Rice
As a husband, I am accountable to my wife, not to the county in which our marriage license was issued.
As a father, I am accountable to my children, not to the State.
As a teacher, to whom am I accountable? Am I accountable to the State? Or am I accountable to the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction? Maybe I'm accountable to the board of directors for my school district - aka, my employer? Perhaps I'm accountable my superintendent or my principal? Could it be that I'm accountable to my colleagues?
The answer to all of these questions is a resounding, "NO!"
I am accountable to the past, present, and future of each and every child who enters my classroom.
I am accountable to my students as learners and as human beings. I am accountable to my students' families. Children are not vessels to fill with standards and 21st Century skills, but rather living, breathing people with immense potential. My job is to nuture and enhance that potential. Every interaction with a student is a opportunity to do this.
Every decision I make in the classroom must be guided by one ideal; the ideal that my students deserve the very best education that I can possibly facilitate for them, each and every day.
This means I must be willing to allow my students to hold me accountable. I must take a step back, absorb their input, honor it, chew on it, and use it to inform my instruction. Too often, we teachers hide behind The "State", "The District", "The Standards", or "The Test." We blame poor instruction on these amorphous entitities. We do this to deflect student and parent criticism. We are human and it is hard to absorb criticism. It is even harder to admit that the critics are right, especially when those critics are a room full of intermittently mature adolescents.
My students were venting to me about their classes - and school in general - yesterday. I regularly ask my students for feedback on what we are doing in class, so that we can adjust our course. This is an important part of our classroom community. Opening up the feedback can, though, sometimes leads to a discussion of larger issues. Kids don't often receive honest invitations from adults for feedback. When they do get them, they tend to do one of two things, either (1) they don't believe you truly value their feedback and clam up/ give superficial feedback, or (2) they spew a litany of pent up complaints about anything and everything even tangentially related.
So I told them this: "education should be something done WITH you, not something done TO you." They stared at me with blank faces for a silent eternity (okay, it was more like 5 seconds) before lightbulbs started to flicker on around the room. Of course, several of them thought I was lecturing them to work harder and push themselves. A few of them got it, though.
Hopefully, my democratic ideals haven't ingited their anarchist tendencies...
I have all of the accountability I need; thank you very much.
Doing the absolute best I can for my students and their families every single day is all of the motivation I need.
My classes are held accountable by producing work for an authentic audience. The transparency of our classroom, via student and class blogs, and via sharing our work publicly, keeps us plenty accountable.
Accountability comes from generating rigorous projects for a real-world audience. I am accountable to my students and their families. They are accountable to their audience, not to me.
Students are not motivated by "it's on the test" or "the state says you have to learn this." Students are motivated by engaging, rigorous content, real choice in how they interact with that content and what they create from it, and the opportunity to collaborate with peers. (Credit to Alfie Kohn, "Punished by Rewards").
By the way, this kind of accountability motivates students much, much more that either the carrot or the stick ever could. Students who are driven by grades, will work extremely hard when they know they have an audience. Other students, who have no interest in striving for 'A's and no fear of 'F's, work much harder for an audience than they ever would for a grade. That is accountability.
I am accountable to my students and their families. I am accountable to myself. I need no other accountability.
photo cc licensed from the flickr stream of R Kurtz
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- Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens are one of the largest threats to global health today.
- As we get older, our immune systems age, increasing our risk of life threatening infections. Without reliable antibiotics, life expectancy could decline for the first time in modern history.
- If antibiotics become ineffective, common infections could result in hospitalization or even death. Life-saving interventions like cancer treatments and organ transplantation would become more difficult, more often resulting in death. Routine procedures would become hard to perform.
- Without intervention, resistant pathogens could result in 10 million annual deaths by 2050.
- By taking a multi-faceted approach—inclusive of adherence to good stewardship, surveillance and responsible manufacturing practices, as well as an emphasis on prevention and treatment—companies like Pfizer are fighting to help curb the spread.
Journalism got a big wake up call in 2016. Can we be optimistic about the future of media?
- "[T]o have a democracy that thrives and actually that manages to stay alive at all, you need regular citizens being able to get good, solid information," says Craig Newmark.
- The only constructive way to deal with fake news? Support trustworthy media. In 2018, Newmark was announced as a major donor of two new media organizations, The City, which will report on New York City-area stories which may have otherwise gone unreported, and The Markup, which will report on technology.
- Greater transparency of fact-checking within media organizations could help confront and correct fake news. Organizations already exist to make media more trustworthy — are we using them? There's The Trust Project, International Fact-Checkers Network, and Tech & Check.
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