"According to one recent estimate," writes Robert de Neufville on Anthropocene, "the Earth could—theoretically at least—produce food for more than 280 billion people."

In this sense, the survival of the human race on Earth is really an engineering problem. "Promising technologies that could increase the food supply and reduce our impact on planet’s environment are in development or are already available," de Neufville points out. And yet, the problem is that "a substantial majority of the world’s energy and land supports a wealthy minority of the population." Therefore, de Neufville argues, "what will determine our fate, to a large extent, is not whether the world economy grows, but how it grows."

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