People Love To Identify As "Introverts" — But What Does That Term Actually Mean?

The popular concept of introversion often differs from how psychologists define the term, but a new model seeks to clarify exactly what being an introvert means.

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Culture & Religion

Tarot is Irrational, Superstitious Claptrap – But That Doesn't Mean It's Not Useful

Dreams are not rational, neither are fantasy novels and comic books and yet they're immensely valuable in processing our thoughts, feelings and moral quandaries. Does Tarot do the same?

Sylvia Quintero, an astrologist and Tarot card reader, shares her visions on politics and the future. (Photo: PAUL J. RICHARDS/AFP/GettyImages)

We are generally a rational species. We make decisions based on what we can observe, driven by our self-interest. Our modern societies are very much science-based, utilizing scientific inventions, derived through reason, and yet about 89% of Americans believe in a God (according to the Pew Research Center), a number that is not changing dramatically (down from 92% in 2007). While European countries are becoming less religious (and less Christian), the tremendous growth of Islam around the world ensures that a big portion of Earth’s population will continue to hold beliefs in the divine and supernatural for the foreseeable future. 

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Culture & Religion

The Evolutionary Biology of Dreams, Explained

Dreams might be a whole lot sexier than we thought – but not because of their narrative content. Neurologist Patrick McNamara's theory links the biological changes in our brains during sleep to human's inherent desire to procreate.

A scene from Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (Image: Focus Features)

Carl Jung battled his one-time friend and mentor, Sigmund Freud, on a number of topics, though perhaps none as perniciously as dreaming. An entire cottage industry of depth psychology and journaling workshops grew out of Jung’s theories of individuation—integrating the conscious and unconscious. To Jung, dreams—the primal material of the unconscious—unlocked humanity’s archetypal code, revealing more than they concealed, in direct contradiction to Freud’s ideas.

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Surprising Science