c/p from"Technologies Which May Take Us to Singularity:Artificial entities generated by evolution within computer systems" As a biologist, evolution (as one of the 4 unifying themes of biology) has always had a large impact on my life's experience. Evolution is both observable and measurable, it is one of the most fundamental aspects to life, and has created the diversity of life we observe here on planet earth. Genetic drift and natural selection carve and shape life to fit the planet's surface (even though as humans we'd like to think it's the other way around). Life is hard to define, every face biology knows about life remains geocentric, planets vary greatly throughout the universe. The emerged digital landscape mimics the biological one; evolution has the same effect. Only the strongest and most efficient codes will remain, and being the most adapted, they will be the most common. When time is thrown into the equation, it's obvious that the best adapted will evolve to be even better and even more efficient, giving rise to new "species" over time. These artificial entities may or may not be created by humans, who in comparison are less efficient, and less well adapted (to exist in computer systems). Silicon based life surpassing carbon based life has remained constant in biological consciousness.

LinkedIn meets Tinder in this mindful networking app

Swipe right to make the connections that could change your career.

Getty Images
Swipe right. Match. Meet over coffee or set up a call.

No, we aren't talking about Tinder. Introducing Shapr, a free app that helps people with synergistic professional goals and skill sets easily meet and collaborate.

Keep reading Show less

Why are women are more religious than men? Because men are more willing to take risks.

It's one factor that can help explain the religiosity gap.

Photo credit: Alina Strong on Unsplash
Culture & Religion
  • Sociologists have long observed a gap between the religiosity of men and women.
  • A recent study used data from several national surveys to compare religiosity, risk-taking preferences and demographic information among more than 20,000 American adolescents.
  • The results suggest that risk-taking preferences might partly explain the gender differences in religiosity.
Keep reading Show less

A world map of Virgin Mary apparitions

She met mere mortals with and without the Vatican's approval.

Strange Maps
  • For centuries, the Virgin Mary has appeared to the faithful, requesting devotion and promising comfort.
  • These maps show the geography of Marian apparitions – the handful approved by the Vatican, and many others.
  • Historically, Europe is where most apparitions have been reported, but the U.S. is pretty fertile ground too.
Keep reading Show less

Space toilets: How astronauts boldly go where few have gone before

A NASA astronomer explains how astronauts dispose of their, uh, dark matter.

  • When nature calls in micro-gravity, astronauts must answer. Space agencies have developed suction-based toilets – with a camera built in to ensure all the waste is contained before "flushing".
  • Yes, there have been floaters in space. The early days of space exploration were a learning curve!
  • Amazingly, you don't need gravity to digest food. Peristalsis, the process by which your throat and intestines squeeze themselves, actually moves food and water through your digestive system without gravity at all.
Keep reading Show less