Is the American public finally okay with GMOs? Um…
A new survey of 1,021 Americans finds that we still have lots of questions and concerns about GMOs and that we don’t even really know when we’re consuming them.
If you ask “What is a GMO?” the answer you get may depend on who you ask.
The Non-GMO Project, an anti-GMO organization, would say, “Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are living organisms whose genetic material has been artificially manipulated in a laboratory through genetic engineering. This creates combinations of plant, animal, bacteria, and virus genes that do not occur in nature or through traditional crossbreeding methods.”
This seems like an innocuous answer until you ask the same question of a pro-GMO group.
GMO Answers outs it this way: “Typically when people refer to GMOs they are speaking about Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), which are crops developed with genetic engineering, a more precise method of plant breeding.
(Emphases in both of the quotes above are ours.)
In the italicized difference lies the kernel of the controversy over the safety and value of GMOs. GMO Answers says crossbreeding has been going on for 10,000 years, and therefore GMOs are just the latest in a line of time-tested methods for optimizing plants and animals for eating — they consider GMO foods therefore to be safe, and to offer a range of benefits you can read about on their website. The Non-GMO Project, on the other hand, views GMOs foods as risky, new genetic experiments, asserting that “In the absence of credible independent long-term feeding studies, the safety of GMOs is unknown.” They have other concerns as well — see their website.
The point is that as a non-expert consumer, it’s hard to know what to think about GMOs. Of course, we’re already consuming them, with 10 crops in the U.S. having so far received the go-ahead for commercial production: alfalfa, apples, canola, corn, cotton, papaya, potatoes, soybeans, squash and sugar beets. Insurers netQuote recently surveyed 1,021 Americans to find out how we’re feeling about GMOs these days and the degree to which we even understand what they are.
All of the images in this article are by netQuote.
We know what GMOs are. Kinda.
It’s surprising and a bit alarming how unclear we can be about this most basic question. While 89.3% of respondents claimed to know that “GMO” stands for “Genetically Modified Organism,” it’s not at all clear they’ve given much thought to what that phrase actually means.
Maybe they just don’t know what the word “organic” means. According to the BBC:
“Organic food is the product of a farming system which avoids the use of man-made fertilisers, pesticides; growth regulators and livestock feed additives. Irradiation and the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) or products produced from or by GMOs are generally prohibited by organic legislation.”
But we know when they’re in our food, right?
Well, maybe. Though there’s a 2016 federal law requiring that foods containing GMOs be labeled, the Trump White House, which has declared its support for the use of GMOs, is preventing any meaningful labeling from happening. Unfortunately, a third of Americans incorrectly believe that they can expect GMO foods to declare themselves from store shelves.
What’s our opinion of GMO foods anyway?
Well, first of all, over 60% of the people reading the previous section are feeling unhappy right now, as revealed by the top section of the image below.
Still, more than half of us think that GMOs are either the same as non-GMO foods for our health, and 5.6% even think they’re better for us. (4 out of 10, however, don’t buy their healthfulness.)
As for how much we care, broken down by age groups, significantly more Baby Boomers care a lot about GMOs than any other age group. After all, they did grow up in a pre-GMO world.
As far as the taste of GMOs, it’s a big “ho-hum,” with most people expecting little difference in the flavor of the modified foodstuffs.
A common concern is the Big C
Gene editing is so new that no long-term, multigenerational studies are yet available, and when we think genetic mishaps, we tend to think of cancer. netQuote asked people if they believe GMOs cause cancer.
This is clearly an area of concern. While nearly two-thirds of respondents felt GMOs could cause cancer, basically no one believed it could help prevent it.
So how comfortable are we with GMO foods?
Well, it depends on the food. We’re slightly more uncomfortable than uncomfortable with GMO vegetables and fruits, but we really don’t want to know about GMOs in meat/fish and dairy. Hold that lab-grown burger, please.
Carbs, those deceptively benign-seeming comfort foods, have us less concerned about GMOs. Maybe once we cross the junk-food barrier, we figure we might as well lower our standards altogether.
Are we confident enough to feed kids this stuff?
Slightly more parents than not say “no” to the idea of serving GMO food in schools. For adults without kids, the proportions are roughly flipped. No surprise.
Another thing that’s not surprising is that parents aren’t too sure how much influence their opinion of GMOs has on their kids. And as far as affecting kids’ habits, yipes, the young ones don’t seem to care what Mom and Dad think much at all.
Who should be in charge of keeping us safe on GMOs?
Not very surprisingly, we don’t trust our food-industry leaders to have our best interests at heart with GMOs. But beyond that, America’s desire for a national Daddy (or Mommy) is on full display here: We think the president is the person most responsible for managing GMO consumption. (As noted above, the current one thinks they’re just fine.) What makes this strange is that the group we least want to see involved in this is our elected officials, which — hello — includes the President, at least during unchallenged election cycles.
So what have we learned?
We’re confused about GMOs. Or not. 60 other countries currently insist on rigorous labeling of GMO foods, so the U.S. is an outlier. 300 regions have banned GMOs altogether.
We — baffled as we may be — nonetheless have daily choices to make regarding what we put into our own bodies. The best we can do is keep reading up on GMOs and try and sort out the science from the fiction.
What would happen if you tripled the US population? Join Matthew Yglesias and Charles Duhigg at 1pm ET on Monday, September 28.
Whether or not women think beards are sexy has to do with "moral disgust"
- A new study found that women perceive men with facial hair to be more attractive as well as physically and socially dominant.
- Women tend to associate more masculine faces with physical strength, social assertiveness, and formidability.
- Women who display higher levels of "moral disgust," or feelings of repugnance toward taboo behaviors, are more likely to prefer hairy faces.
Beards and perceptions of masculinity<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMjU5OTg0MC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY0NzkxMjM3N30.cH-GqNwP5GVqvstgJWAhBPn1B_lYpVEAI0I7iax7EQw/img.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C1900%2C0%2C849&height=700" id="caae6" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="cb0a355a4e8e1899789bc45f3f7aef56" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Photo Credit: Wikimedia<p>The study used 919 American (mostly white) women ages 18-70 who rated 30 pictures of men they were shown with various stages of facial hair growth. The photographs depicted men with faces that had been digitally altered to look more feminine or more masculine, with a beard and without a beard. The women rated the men according to perceived attractiveness for long-term and short-term relationships. The study found that the more facial hair the men had, the higher the men were rated on their attractiveness, particularly for their suitability for a long-term relationship.</p><p>Part of this might be attributed to facial masculinity — i.e. protruding brow ridge, wide cheekbones, thick jawline, and deeply set narrow eyes — which conveys information to a woman about a man's underlying health and formidability. Women tend to associate more masculine faces with physical strength and social assertiveness. It can also indicate a man with a superior immune response. The researchers suggested that their findings favoring bearded men could be due to the fact that facial hair enhances the masculine facial features on a man's face, like creating the illusion of a thicker jaw line. This could communicate direct benefits to women like resources and protection that would enhance survival among mothers and their infants. In other words, while a beard doesn't mean superior genetics in and of itself, it might be a primitive, ornamental way of saying, "Hey girl, I'm a testosterone-fueled lean, mean, pathogen fighting machine." <br></p><p>It could also be that a beard becomes its own destiny. The researchers in this study cite prior research that found that by growing a beard, men felt more masculine and had higher levels of serum testosterone, which was linked to a higher level of social dominance. They also tended to subscribe to more old-school beliefs about gender roles in their relationships with women as compared to men with clean-shaven faces.<span></span><br></p>
What does disgust have to do with beard preference?<p>Obviously, not all women dig beards. The researchers were particularly interested in what traits make a women prefer bearded men over clean-shaven faces. They looked into several factors including a woman's disgust levels on various concepts, her desire to become pregnant, and her exposure to facial hair in her personal life. </p><p>According to the study, women who were not into facial hair were turned-off by potential parasites or other critters they imagined could be in the hair or skin. Women ranking high on this "ectoparasite disgust" scale might have viewed beards as a sign of poor grooming habits. However, women who ranked higher in levels of "pathogen" did find the bearded men to be desirable, possibly because they perceived beards as a signal of good health and immune function. An intriguing discovery in the study was links to morality. Women who displayed higher levels of "moral disgust," or feelings of repugnance toward taboo behaviors, were more likely to prefer hairy faces. The authors opined that this could reflect a link between beardedness, politically conservative outlooks, and traditional views regarding performances of masculinity in heterosexual relationships.</p>
Additional findings<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMjU5OTg1My9vcmlnaW4uZ2lmIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYyNDI1NjUyOX0.P9B8WbmJR0q4nfzYZKbuNSA-2SAigVWJgrQE-_Gxlds/img.gif?width=980" id="49143" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="2ed3b1d6f20fc170bf2974646e565e8d" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />Giphy<p>The correlations that existed between married and single women's rating on the attractiveness of beards were not particularly clear, although the researchers noted that single and married women who wanted children tended to find beards more attractive than the women who didn't want children. They also found that women with bearded husbands found beards to be more attractive, which might indicate that social exposure to beards influences how desirable they are perceived of as being. Or it could be that men with wives who like beards grow beards.</p><p>It's important to note that culture plays a huge role in how attractive women perceive certain male characteristics as being. This study looked at a small, culturally specific group of American women, so no big, universal claims should be made about masculinity, facial hair, and male desirability to women. However, research like this is important in highlighting how human grooming decisions are driven by much more than fashion trends. Sociobiological, economic, and ecological factors all play a part in the way we choose to present ourselves.</p>
Dominique Crenn, the only female chef in America with three Michelin stars, joins Big Think Live.
Having been exposed to mavericks in the French culinary world at a young age, three-star Michelin chef Dominique Crenn made it her mission to cook in a way that is not only delicious and elegant, but also expressive, memorable, and true to her experience.
New experiments find weird quantum activity in supercold gas.
Quantum Mechanics, Onions, and a Theory of Everything<span style="display:block;position:relative;padding-top:56.25%;" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="036ae7b8dd661df2d125a3421a0299ba"><iframe type="lazy-iframe" data-runner-src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/bcVruA0AJ-o?rel=0" width="100%" height="auto" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;"></iframe></span>
Researchers say that moral self-licensing occurs "because good deeds make people feel secure in their moral self-regard."
Books about race and anti-racism have dominated bestseller lists in the past few months, bringing to prominence authors including Ibram Kendi, Ijeoma Oluo, Reni Eddo-Lodge, and Robin DiAngelo.