Re: Why do we cheat to compete? What is to be done? What are we to think?
Let's look at some of the motivations for cheating in its various forms.
One of them is one of the seven deadly sins: greed. Improving player stats is a great way to get a more lucrative contract, so a player may decide to cut corners. I will not deny that professional athletes work hard all their lives to enter the major leagues in whatever is their sport. However, the idea gets into some of them that by using artificial (and often illegal) methods to attain even higher levels of performance.
One of them is the system. Part of the earliest stages of the system is Little League Baseball. To begin achievement at that level takes two things: parents who will either participate in a player's training, or will invest in someone to teach them the fundamentals of the game. Here is where the parents also can do some of the most psychological damage. If you've been to a little leage game in recent years, or read the police reports (in newspapers that actually report them), you may notice on national scale an uneasy trend of parents physically abusing umpires and coaches for game events and play calls. For children of little league age, it is unconscienceable that they have to witness such behaviour from adults. But it also gives them a notion that if things go well, parents will be happy with them. So they go to great lengths to make sure that they do well, at any cost.
By the time they reach high school, or that age group in AAU organizations, the notion of win at any cost is so ingrained that they start using all kinds of extra substances (including steriods, presumably to increase muscle mass).
Here is where a glaring difference appears between professional baseball in the US, and professional football and basketball. Have you ever noticed how few baseball players come out of college teams? More now than in the previous years of baseball, but still a relative minority. It seems that this is because once a player goes into AAU or other high school level program, if there is even a rumour of them going to college for an education, they would be dropped from the program they were already in. And don't even mention the central and south american recruiting systems that have burgeoned in the past twenty years. Can you say, right now, without looking it up, how many players from college systems were in the 2007 All Star Game (not even mentioning their names)? I can't.
In many of these minds, cheating will get you there. Once you're there, cheating will get you more. And a side question related to that last segment: how many players named in the Mitchell Report came out of college systems? I will not say with certainty, but I will hazard a guess: none.
The ability to speak clearly, succinctly, and powerfully is easier than you think
The results come from a 15-year study that used ultrasound scans to track blood vessels in middle-aged adults starting in 2002.
- The study measured the stiffness of blood vessels in middle-aged patients over time.
- Stiff blood vessels can lead to the destruction of delicate blood vessels in the brain, which can contribute to cognitive decline.
- The scans could someday become a widely used tool to identify people at high risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer's.
Journalism got a big wake up call in 2016. Can we be optimistic about the future of media?
- "[T]o have a democracy that thrives and actually that manages to stay alive at all, you need regular citizens being able to get good, solid information," says Craig Newmark.
- The only constructive way to deal with fake news? Support trustworthy media. In 2018, Newmark was announced as a major donor of two new media organizations, The City, which will report on New York City-area stories which may have otherwise gone unreported, and The Markup, which will report on technology.
- Greater transparency of fact-checking within media organizations could help confront and correct fake news. Organizations already exist to make media more trustworthy — are we using them? There's The Trust Project, International Fact-Checkers Network, and Tech & Check.
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