from the world's big
SeaWorld's Cruel Greed
Blackfish is a beautiful and powerful documentary about, yes, the corporate greed of SeaWorld. But it also, through remarkable facts, shows us the neuroscience of orcas. These animals—most commonly and aptly described as majestic—have evolved emotional systems in their brains. This makes them highly social creatures, and they communicate using a language that continues to baffle researchers. Why then would SeaWorld keep these gentle giants locked up alone in the dark in tanks not even double the size of their massive bodies? It's simple: profits.
SeaWorld, Inc. claims to be driven by wildlife conservation and education, but Blackfish exposes how trainers lie to families visiting their parks. The compelling documentary uncovers a trainer explaining to park goers that orcas live around 25 years in the wild. Orcas, in fact, share the same life span as humans. But their life spans are cut extremely short in captivity where they live an average of 25 years. Of course, if SeaWorld told their customers the truth it would start to raise questions. “Wait a minute, these whales live 25 years on average in your tanks, but 60 to 100 years in the wild? Why?”
The “why” is beautifully unraveled in Blackfish, a film directed by Gabriela Cowperthwaite and inspired by an article in Outside magazine by investigative journalist Tim Zimmerman. Cowperthwaite says she became interested in the topic as a mother who brought her children to SeaWorld to learn about these animals. A documentary filmmaker who has tackled issues as diverse as marine combat to natural disasters, she had never before considered herself an animal rights activist.
Her film wonderfully acclimates the viewer to its stunning journey. It opens with former SeaWorld trainers sharing their childhood memories of wanting to one day work with whales and dolphins, and their funny and light-hearted stories of how they each got there. Then the story focuses on the loss of their friend, former head trainer Dawn Brancheau, considered one of the industry's most respected stars. In 2010, during a show, Brancheau was killed and eaten by an orca. Her former colleagues shared their shock: if it could happen to her, it could happen to anyone.
That orca is named Tilikum. Blackfish follows his story from being kidnapped from his mother as a calf to enduring gut-wrenching abuse in the now closed Canadian park Sealand of the Pacific, where he killed a trainer. Sealand of the Pacific closed due to the death of trainer Keltie Byrne, and Tilikum was sold to SeaWorld in Orlando, Florida, where he performs and is used as SeaWorld's “chief sperm bank.”
Tilikum's capture off the coast of Iceland in 1983 is told by one of his hunters. A military-style operation was used, including bombs, speed boats, nets, and planes. This particular herd of orcas, having experienced a kidnapping before, tried to outmaneuver the humans with the adult whales, without children, leading the boats away from the mothers and their calves. But the hunters' plane alerted the operation on the water that the mothers and children had broken away and reported their location. As soon as these whales came up for air, a net was used, and three adults died in the chaos, and the babies were carted away. The hunter described the immense noise--the calls of distress between the calves and the surviving adults lingering close to the hunters' boats. As the hunter described it, it was like kidnapping a child in front of his mother.
In the orca social structure, children stay with their mothers for life—they are inseparable. Despite this, SeaWorld still separates mothers from their calves shortly after birth, leading the mother to break down with devastation. Chilling footage of a grieving orca mother in SeaWorld was shown in Blackfish.
The lives of the kidnapped calves are a prison with daily stints in solitary confinement: living alone in dark and tight enclosures, being starved in order to be controlled and taught tricks, and living among strangers—adult whales just as distressed as the calves who lash out in abuse.
This was Tilikum's life since his kidnapping at the age of three. His body was covered in scrapes—teeth marks—from the older dominant females in the park Sealand of the Pacific, where he killed his first trainer. It should be noted that killer whales do not kill humans in the wild—not a single death has been reported. They are in fact curious and gentle creatures in their interactions with humans. Tilikum just snapped.
He would be responsible for two more deaths, including a SeaWorld guest who stayed in the park after it closed and dove into his tank at night. The man's body was found naked in Tilikum's tank, his testicles chomped off. Then he snapped again in 2010, killing an expert trainer who inspired her industry.
Tilikum remains in confinement, in the same conditions that caused his deep distress—communicated to SeaWorld audiences through his collapsed dorsal fin. I saw a SeaWorld show as a little girl, and I remember the drooping dorsal fins of the whales, but I was never educated by SeaWorld to know that this was not normal, this was not healthy. Collapsed dorsal fins occur in less than 1-percent of whales in the wild.
SeaWorld's cruel greed must be stopped. Sign this petition to demand action by the government, and this petition on Change.org demanding that Tilikum be retired to happier conditions. Use social media to tell Macy's that SeaWorld must not be welcomed in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. SeaWorld lies to families and it has deeply traumatized these intelligent and sensitive creatures. It is up to all of us to make killer whale shows a barbaric thing of the past.
Construction of the $500 billion dollar tech city-state of the future is moving ahead.
- The futuristic megacity Neom is being built in Saudi Arabia.
- The city will be fully automated, leading in health, education and quality of life.
- It will feature an artificial moon, cloud seeding, robotic gladiators and flying taxis.
The Red Sea area where Neom will be built:
Saudi Arabia Plans Futuristic City, "Neom" (Full Promotional Video)<span style="display:block;position:relative;padding-top:56.25%;" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="c646d528d230c1bf66c75422bc4ccf6f"><iframe type="lazy-iframe" data-runner-src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/N53DzL3_BHA?rel=0" width="100%" height="auto" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;"></iframe></span>
Frequent shopping for single items adds to our carbon footprint.
- A new study shows e-commerce sites like Amazon leave larger greenhouse gas footprints than retail stores.
- Ordering online from retail stores has an even smaller footprint than going to the store yourself.
- Greening efforts by major e-commerce sites won't curb wasteful consumer habits. Consolidating online orders can make a difference.
A pile of recycled cardboard sits on the ground at Recology's Recycle Central on January 4, 2018 in San Francisco, California.
Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images<p>A large part of the reason is speed. In a competitive market, pure players use the equation, <em>speed + convenience</em>, to drive adoption. This is especially relevant to the "last mile" GHG footprint: the distance between the distribution center and the consumer.</p><p>Interestingly, the smallest GHG footprint occurs when you order directly from a physical store—even smaller than going there yourself. Pure players, such as Amazon, are the greatest offenders. Variables like geographic location matter; the team looked at shopping in the UK, the US, China, and the Netherlands. </p><p>Sadegh Shahmohammadi, a PhD student at the Netherlands' Radboud University and corresponding author of the paper, <a href="https://www.cnn.com/2020/02/26/tech/greenhouse-gas-emissions-retail/index.html" target="_blank">says</a> the above "pattern holds true in countries where people mostly drive. It really depends on the country and consumer behavior there."</p><p>The researchers write that this year-and-a-half long study pushes back on previous research that claims online shopping to be better in terms of GHG footprints.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"They have, however, compared the GHG emissions per shopping event and did not consider the link between the retail channels and the basket size, which leads to a different conclusion than that of the current study."</p><p>Online retail is where convenience trumps environment: people tend to order one item at a time when shopping on pure player sites, whereas they stock up on multiple items when visiting a store. Consumers will sometimes order a number of separate items over the course of a week rather than making one trip to purchase everything they need. </p><p>While greening efforts by online retailers are important, until a shift in consumer attitude changes, the current carbon footprint will be a hard obstacle to overcome. Amazon is trying to have it both ways—carbon-free and convenience addicted—and the math isn't adding up. If you need to order things, do it online, but try to consolidate your purchases as much as possible.</p><p>--</p><p><em>Stay in touch with Derek on <a href="http://www.twitter.com/derekberes" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, <a href="https://www.facebook.com/DerekBeresdotcom" target="_blank">Facebook</a> and <a href="https://derekberes.substack.com/" target="_blank">Substack</a>. His next book is</em> "<em>Hero's Dose: The Case For Psychedelics in Ritual and Therapy."</em></p>
Chronic irregular sleep in children was associated with psychotic experiences in adolescence, according to a recent study out of the University of Birmingham's School of Psychology.