Why "The Simpsons" Is Now a Legit College-Level Philosophy Course
Looking for new ways to teach the intellectual capital of humanity to its students, Glasgow University is offering a philosophy course based on the character of Homer Simpson.
Looking for new ways to teach the intellectual capital of humanity to its students, Glasgow University is offering a philosophy course based on the character of Homer Simpson from the legendary animated series The Simpsons.
The course, entitled “D’oh! The Simpsons Introduce Philosophy,” is described this way in course materials:
“The Simpsons is one of the modern world’s greatest cultural artefacts, partly because it is so full of philosophy. Aristotle, Kant, Marx, Camus, and many other great thinkers’ ideas are represented in what is arguably the purest of philosophical forms – the comic cartoon. This day-school will explore philosophy’s most inspiring ideas as presented in Matt Groening’s monument to the absurdities of human existence. Come along for a day of learning and explore some of philosophy’s most inspiring ideas as presented in The Simpsons."
The Simpsons is a true American institution. It was created by Matt Groening in 1987, initially as part of The Tracey Ullman Show. After its broadcast debut in 1989 in a half-hour format for Fox, the show has had 603 episodes air, making it the longest-running American sitcom, the longest-running American animated program, and the longest-running American scripted primetime series. The beloved show received countless awards, like 31 Primetime Emmys, and The Simpsons Movie, the feature-length film based on the series, grossed a sizable $527 million when it released in 2007.
The show features a satirical take on the life of a working-class family living in the fictional town of Springfield. The family of Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa and Maggie has parodied American life but also had Homer pontificate about deeper questions in his peculiar fashion. This feature of the show harkens back to the interests of its creator. In his 1991 interview with Jay Leno, Matt Groening said that when he was getting started on his career, he “studied philosophy and doodled so I had to be a cartoonist.”
If you are wondering, how specifically a philosophy course based on a satirical cartoon can function, The New Statesman compared some of Homer’s lines to famous philosophical statements:
It’s not the first time The Simpsons was looked at as a philosophical text worth exploring. The British philosopher Julian Baggini wrote an essay in 2006, where he analyzed the show as philosophy, highlighting, for example, how Homer talks about religious institutions in the episode “Homer the Heretic”:
Baggini also went on to describe the show as “an Anglo-Saxon comedic take on the existentialism which in France takes on a tragic hue.” He also called the show “the most insightful and philosophical cultural product of our time,” praising its creator, Matt Groening, as “the true heir of Plato, Aristotle and Kant.”
The Simpsons has also been in the news recently for predicting the election of Donald Trump all the way back in a year 2000 episode:
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It's one of the most consistent patterns in the unviverse. What causes it?
- Spinning discs are everywhere – just look at our solar system, the rings of Saturn, and all the spiral galaxies in the universe.
- Spinning discs are the result of two things: The force of gravity and a phenomenon in physics called the conservation of angular momentum.
- Gravity brings matter together; the closer the matter gets, the more it accelerates – much like an ice skater who spins faster and faster the closer their arms get to their body. Then, this spinning cloud collapses due to up and down and diagonal collisions that cancel each other out until the only motion they have in common is the spin – and voila: A flat disc.
It turns out, that tattoo ink can travel throughout your body and settle in lymph nodes.
In the slightly macabre experiment to find out where tattoo ink travels to in the body, French and German researchers recently used synchrotron X-ray fluorescence in four "inked" human cadavers — as well as one without. The results of their 2017 study? Some of the tattoo ink apparently settled in lymph nodes.
Image from the study.
As the authors explain in the study — they hail from Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, and the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment — it would have been unethical to test this on live animals since those creatures would not be able to give permission to be tattooed.
Because of the prevalence of tattoos these days, the researchers wanted to find out if the ink could be harmful in some way.
"The increasing prevalence of tattoos provoked safety concerns with respect to particle distribution and effects inside the human body," they write.
It works like this: Since lymph nodes filter lymph, which is the fluid that carries white blood cells throughout the body in an effort to fight infections that are encountered, that is where some of the ink particles collect.
Image by authors of the study.
Titanium dioxide appears to be the thing that travels. It's a white tattoo ink pigment that's mixed with other colors all the time to control shades.
The study's authors will keep working on this in the meantime.
“In future experiments we will also look into the pigment and heavy metal burden of other, more distant internal organs and tissues in order to track any possible bio-distribution of tattoo ink ingredients throughout the body. The outcome of these investigations not only will be helpful in the assessment of the health risks associated with tattooing but also in the judgment of other exposures such as, e.g., the entrance of TiO2 nanoparticles present in cosmetics at the site of damaged skin."
Do you have a magnetic compass in your head?
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