Scott McLeod, J.D., Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Educational Leadership at the University of Kentucky. He also is the Founding Director of the UCEA Center for the Advanced Study of Technology Leadership in Education (CASTLE), the nation’s only academic center dedicated to the technology needs of school administrators, and was a co-creator of the wildly popular video series, Did You Know? (Shift Happens). He has received numerous national awards for his technology leadership work, including recognitions from the cable industry, Phi Delta Kappa, and the National School Boards Association. In Spring 2011 he was a Visiting Canterbury Fellow at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. Dr. McLeod blogs regularly about technology leadership issues at Dangerously Irrelevant and Mind Dump, and occasionally at The Huffington Post. He can be reached at scottmcleod.net.
Two weeks ago I reported on my second effort to catalog the edublogosphere, to put some shape and form to the amorphous network, to try and measure the largely unmeasurable. Some of my blogging colleagues raised various concerns and objections. Here's my take...\n
- As is described quite clearly (and eloquently) in Linked: How Everything Is Connected to Everything Else and What It Means, the Internet and the education blogosphere are both examples of complex, self-organizing networks. As such, they have multiple hubs of varying sizes, each connected to each other and to multiple individual nodes (i.e., blogs and web sites). [click on image for larger version]
\n Some hubs are connected to thousands of other hubs and nodes; we might call these superhubs (e.g., A-D). Other hubs (e.g., E-H) are connected to less than a dozen nodes. The key here is that many nodes never would come into contact each other except for the hubs. For example, edublogger 1 only finds out about edublogger 2 because edublogger A highlighted and linked to something edublogger B wrote about edublogger 2's post. \n
- The hubs and superhubs are the essential connectors, the glue that holds the network together. For example, if edublogger 2 quits blogging, the only one that loses access to that voice is edublogger B. If edublogger C stops blogging, however, the rest of the network not only loses access to that person's voice, it also loses access to the voices of those edubloggers to which only C linked. If edublogger A quits blogging, the network loses access to edubloggers E and F as well as all of the individual edubloggers to which only they were connected (at least until those nodes get reconnected to other hubs). The process is all very fluid, shifting and changing with each hyperlink. \n
- There are advantages to being first, but over time quality wins out. One of the reasons that edubloggers like Will Richardson and David Warlick are superhubs is because they were some of the first ones in the education blogosphere. They had first-mover advantage and have had time to build up their audience compared to the new edublogger who started yesterday. That said, over time their advantage begins to diminish as others enter the network. If Will and David's posts didn't continue to be of high quality, people would link to other bloggers instead and Will and David's audiences would dwindle. Hubs and superhubs must have 'sticky' content in order to retain their roles in the network. It's a testimony to many of the top edubloggers that they've been able to be consistently good, as defined by their audiences, for a long period of time. \n
- If you are interested in making change, the hubs and superhubs have important roles to play. Why? Because they're the ones with the ability to reach many. They're also the ones with the ability to bring important ideas generated out on the fringes of the network into the mainstream center of the network. \n
So, in response to some of the objections...\n
- It's not just an issue of 'popularity.' Because we voluntarily visit / subscribe to blogs, content wins out over superficiality in the end. High-ranking blogs are there because others value their voices. You may not think an individual blogger is interesting, but others often do in large numbers. So Terry Freedman says, "Quality not quantity." And Vicki Davis says "meaningful" is more important than "popular." But as item 3 above notes, these supposed dichotomies actually are conflated. \n
- I see knowledge and identification of the hubs and superhubs as important for facilitating change. Sheryl Nussbaum-Beach advocates focusing on impact, not just ranking. To me, impact and ranking tend to blur since I think about large-scale, comprehensive reform of schools, not just localized change. Most of us are change agents whether our agenda is K-12 technology, home schooling, back-to-basics education, or whatever but it's hard to make change when no one is listening. If I want to influence the educational technology arena, I need to catch the attention of folks like Will and David and Sheryl and Terry and Vicki and also be able to point educators to them. If I want to influence the homeschooling arena, I need to catch the eye of SpunkyHomeSchool. And so, again, I believe that impact and ranking are somewhat intertwined. \n
- Each of us has our own reason(s) for blogging, and of course we always must respect those. I would never presume to either guess others' reasons or judge the legitimacy of those motivations. \n
- Maybe it's the academic in me, but I think there is worth in someone doing a systematic study of the education blogosphere. It doesn't have to be me, but someone ought to be able to cite some basic statistics about what's going on. For example, those of us who advocate educational blogging gain legitimacy from the fact that we know that there are 50,000+ education blogs rather than just a few hundred. In other words, we have the numbers to show that educational blogging is not a fad; whatever form it takes down the road, it's here to stay. I also don't know how else to identify the hubs and superhubs other than to do what we did. Although we may have missed some blogs with smaller audiences, I'm fairly confident that we got all the big ones (maybe not in the right ranking order). \n
- I personally feel that there is no better way to recognize and honor voice than to share new and powerful voices with others. When I see interesting, illuminating writing, I want to share that with others and to do my part to help those writers gain large audiences. Sheryl said "What is important is giving our students and teachers 'voice.' We need to focus on helping them develop as communicators and writers, not rankers, so they have a place at the policy table and can help to leave this world better than we found it." I concur, but I disagree that ranking is unimportant. If we want students and educators to 'have a place at the policy table,' the inherent nature of a complex, self-organizing network almost demands that those folks become a hub or superhub in order to gain the attention of policymakers. Policymakers rarely, if ever, listen to folks who represent small constituencies, so the larger the audience we can give powerful bloggers, the better. \n
- I could have listed just the top few dozen edubloggers in my results, but I didn't. Instead, I included every single URL that we found so that others could find new voices and bring them to the attention of the hubs and superhubs. I will continue to do this and encourage others to do the same. Indeed, illustrating that perhaps I was deeper in the 'echo chamber than I suspected, I found some new hubs and superhubs that I didn't even know existed (for example, how many ed tech bloggers knew about The Panda's Thumb or Classical School Blog or that they were reaching large audiences?). \n
- Terry is right: Technorati has many issues. But until someone points me to something better, that's the best I have. I, too, am somewhat confused by the different rankings that occur when different URLs are used for the same blog, but I don't know what to do other than to provide an online form that people can use to fix or include their URL for next time. \n
So with all due respect, Vicki, Sheryl, and Terry, I understand and respect your perspectives but I don't share them, at least not on this front. As always, I appreciate everyone's input and welcome further suggestions for how to improve this ongoing project. Many thanks...
The controversy around the Torah codes gets a new life.
- Mathematicians claim to see a predictive pattern in the ancient Torah texts.
- The code is revealed by a method found with special computer software.
- Some events described by reading the code took place after the code was written.
The controversy over whether Jesus had any siblings is reignited after an amazing new discovery of an ancient text.
Orangutans join humans and bees in a very exclusive club
- Orangutan mothers wait to sound a danger alarm to avoid tipping off predators to their location
- It took a couple of researchers crawling around the Sumatran jungle to discover the phenomenon
- This ability may come from a common ancestor
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