World Cup Penalty Shots Are Unfair

Though thrilling, the penalty shots that might soon decide single-elimination World Cup soccer games are decidedly unfair. More Intelligent Life Magazine considers an alternative method.

Though thrilling, the penalty shots that might soon decide single-elimination World Cup soccer games are decidedly unfair. More Intelligent Life Magazine considers an alternative method. "The penalty decider seems to impose too great an obligation on the individual...There is, however, a method that would not only observe the spirit of the game but enhance it. That is to abolish extra time, count the fouls committed by the two sides, factor in red and yellow cards, and hand victory to the lesser offender. For the best part of 30 years I have been unable to see the arguments against this. The most persistent is that players would dive to incriminate the opposition, but a dive is itself an offence..."

China’s artificial sun reaches fusion temperature: 100 million degrees

In a breakthrough for nuclear fusion research, scientists at China's Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor have produced temperatures necessary for nuclear fusion on Earth.

Credit: EAST Team
Surprising Science
  • The EAST reactor was able to heat hydrogen to temperatures exceeding 100 million degrees Celsius.
  • Nuclear fusion could someday provide the planet with a virtually limitless supply of clean energy.
  • Still, scientists have many other obstacles to pass before fusion technology becomes a viable energy source.
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Project 100,000: The Vietnam War's cruel and deadly experiment

Military recruits are supposed to be assessed to see whether they're fit for service. What happens when they're not?

Flickr user Tommy Truong79
Politics & Current Affairs
  • During the Vietnam War, Robert McNamara began a program called Project 100,000.
  • The program brought over 300,000 men to Vietnam who failed to meet minimum criteria for military service, both physically and mentally.
  • Project 100,000 recruits were killed in disproportionate numbers and fared worse after their military service than their civilian peers, making the program one of the biggest—and possibly cruelest—mistakes of the Vietnam War.
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Here's how diverse the 116th Congress is set to become

The 116th Congress is set to break records in term of diversity among its lawmakers, though those changes are coming almost entirely from Democrats.

(Photo: MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)
Politics & Current Affairs
  • Women and nonwhite candidates made record gains in the 2018 midterms.
  • In total, almost half of the newly elected Congressional representatives are not white men.
  • Those changes come almost entirely from Democrats; Republican members-elect are all white men except for one woman.
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