What Will Happen as the Sun Dies
In about five billion years, scientists estimate, the Earth will be engulfed and burned up in the expanding radius of the Sun as it evolves into its slightly cooler but much larger phase.
What's the Latest Development?
What with the sun acting up lately, firing a massive wave of radioactive plasma right at us, you would be forgiven for thinking Earth might be in real danger. Thankfully, it is not. Assuming we can outlast climate change, an asteroid strike or some absurd nuclear disaster, we will be on good terms with the sun for another five billion years, scientists estimate. After that, as the sun evolves into a red giant and prepares for its slow death, the Earth will be engulfed by its expanding radius.
What's the Big Idea?
As the sun dies, its expanding radius will swallow Mercury and Venus about one million years before it reaches Earth, leaving only some of the outer planets to survive. So is there any chance that Earth will escape its fate? "Some have conjectured that it could be possible to engineer a way to expand Earth's orbit by the small percentage needed to escape. It would involve arranging 'a suitable encounter of the Earth every 6,000 years or so with a body of large asteroidal mass,' perhaps objects in the Kuiper Belt."
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Research by neuroscientists at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory helps explain how the brain regulates arousal.
The big day has come: You are taking your road test to get your driver's license. As you start your mom's car with a stern-faced evaluator in the passenger seat, you know you'll need to be alert but not so excited that you make mistakes. Even if you are simultaneously sleep-deprived and full of nervous energy, you need your brain to moderate your level of arousal so that you do your best.
A disturbing interview given by a KGB defector in 1984 describes America of today and outlines four stages of mass brainwashing used by the KGB.
- Bezmenov described this process as "a great brainwashing" which has four basic stages.
- The first stage is called "demoralization" which takes from 15 to 20 years to achieve.
- According to the former KGB agent, that is the minimum number of years it takes to re-educate one generation of students that is normally exposed to the ideology of its country.
When these companies compete, in the current system, the people lose.
- When a company reaches the top of the ladder, they typically kick it away so that others cannot climb up on it. The aim? So that another company can't compete.
- When this happens in the pharmaceutical world, certain companies stay at the top of the ladder, through broadly-protected patents, at the cost of everyday people benefitting from increased competition.
- Since companies have worked out how to legally game the system, Amin argues we need to get rid of this "one size fits all" system, which treats product innovation — "tweaks" — the same as product invention.
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