Former Israeli foreign minister and current Vice President of the Toledo International Centre for Peace, Shlomo Ben Ami says reform in Egypt must face the ghosts of its authoritarian past: "The question for Egypt is whether the agenda of a truly pluralistic democracy can prevail against the resilient forces of the past. Indeed, according to a Pew Research Center poll, only 5.5% of people have access to Facebook, while 95% want Islam to play a major role in politics, 80% believe that adulterers should be stoned, 45% are practically illiterate, and 40% live on less than $2 a day."