Russia Jumps On The Natural Gas Car Bandwagon
The energy monopoly Gazprom is pushing for greater adoption of vehicles that run on natural gas. It helps that Russia is the world's second-largest producer of the stuff.
What's the Latest Development?
Long known for encouraging the adoption of natural gas-powered vehicles (NGVs) in its export markets, Russia's state-owned energy monopoly Gazprom is now working on convincing more of its own citizens and businesses to make the switch. Many of the approximately 86,000 NGVs currently on Russian roads are conversions, with do-it-yourself kits available for as low as US$1,000. This year, major automaker Russian Machines announced it would make natural gas systems standard on its buses and light utility trucks.
What's the Big Idea?
Russia is second only to the US in the amount of natural gas it produces, and the cost of a gallon is about US$2 less than gasoline. Also, its emissions are much cleaner than those of gasoline and diesel. With abundant domestic supplies, both countries could stand to benefit by encouraging more NGVs. However, the US is much stricter with regards to natural gas systems, and only four factory-made NGVs are currently available for purchase. There's also the question of refueling stations as well as simple safety: Although higher-quality tanks are hardened against crashes, lower-quality tanks can rupture. One Russian owner's wife "fear[s] that the car...will explode on the way to the grocery store."
Photo Credit: Shutterstock.com
That's a sharp increase from the 1960s when it took the same share of scientists an average of 35 years to drop out of academia.
- The study tracked the careers of more than 100,000 scientists over 50 years.
- The results showed career lifespans are shrinking, and fewer scientists are getting credited as the lead author on scientific papers.
- Scientists are still pursuing careers in the private sector, however there are key differences between research conducted in academia and industry.
We have to practice doing nothing more often.
- Constantly being busy is neurologically taxing and emotionally draining.
- In his new book, Jon Kabat-Zinn writes that you're doing a disservice to others by always being busy.
- Busyness is often an excuse for the discomfort of being alone with your own thoughts.
The bold technique involves surgically implanting a so-called microneedle patch directly onto the heart.
- Heart attacks leave scar tissue on the heart, which can reduce the organ's ability to pump blood throughout the body.
- The microneedle patch aims to deliver therapeutic cells directly to the damaged tissue.
- It hasn't been tested on humans yet, but the method has shown promising signs in research on animals.
SMARTER FASTER trademarks owned by The Big Think, Inc. All rights reserved.