An anti-toxin that protects people against ricin poisoning is about to go into production for the first time.
An anti-toxin which can protect humans against three times the known lethal dosage of the poison ricin is to go into production for the first time. The anti-dote can be administered to poisoned patients up to 24 hours after exposure to the substance. Ricin, which is thought to be roughly 1,000 times more lethal than cyanide, has been widely talked of by security experts as a potential weapon in biological terror attacks. The anti-toxin has been developed after 8 years of intense research by British scientists based in Porton Down in Wiltshire. "In the past there has been lots of research carried out using different methods. But this is the first [anti-toxin] that has been moved into production," says Dr Jane Dr Holley, principal scientist in biomedical sciences at DSTL. "It is anticipated that a product will be available for use in the next couple of years," she added.
How a cataclysm worse than what killed the dinosaurs destroyed 90 percent of all life on Earth.
While the demise of the dinosaurs gets more attention as far as mass extinctions go, an even more disastrous event called "the Great Dying” or the “End-Permian Extinction” happened on Earth prior to that. Now scientists discovered how this cataclysm, which took place about 250 million years ago, managed to kill off more than 90 percent of all life on the planet.
A new study discovers the “liking gap” — the difference between how we view others we’re meeting for the first time, and the way we think they’re seeing us.
We tend to be defensive socially. When we meet new people, we’re often concerned with how we’re coming off. Our anxiety causes us to be so concerned with the impression we’re creating that we fail to notice that the same is true of the other person as well. A new study led by Erica J. Boothby, published on September 5 in Psychological Science, reveals how people tend to like us more in first encounters than we’d ever suspect.
Using advanced laser technology, scientists at NASA will track global changes in ice with greater accuracy.
Leaving from Vandenberg Air Force base in California this coming Saturday, at 8:46 a.m. ET, the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 — or, the "ICESat-2" — is perched atop a United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket, and when it assumes its orbit, it will study ice layers at Earth's poles, using its only payload, the Advance Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS).
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