Marine Life Adapting to Climate Change

As climate change affects the ecology of the Pacific Ocean, many marine species will suffer, while two new reports indicate that certain fish and whales may successfully adapt.

What's the Latest Development?

Two new studies indicate that certain marine life in the Pacific Ocean are beginning to adapt to climate change. The gray whale, typically known as a bottom feeder, has been found by a recent University of California, Berkeley, study to also be capable of feeding on krill near the surface. Fish in the Pacific will adapt to rising ocean temperatures, due to climate change, by moving to cooler waters in the north. Based on a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration model, 28 distinct species moved northward an average of 25 miles per decade. 

What's the Big Idea?

That marine life is capable of adapting to climate change is neither evidence that global warming is ultimately survivable nor that we are all doomed. Temperature increases in the models used to conduct the studies were significant but not massive. Life will adapt up to a point and as changes in the environment cause one species to change its behavior, the modification will echo up the food chain. As fish in the Pacific migrate north, for example, human populations that depend on fishing will struggle or migrate with the fish. 

How to make a black hole

Here's the science of black holes, from supermassive monsters to ones the size of ping-pong balls.

  • There's more than one way to make a black hole, says NASA's Michelle Thaller. They're not always formed from dead stars. For example, there are teeny tiny black holes all around us, the result of high-energy cosmic rays slamming into our atmosphere with enough force to cram matter together so densely that no light can escape.
  • CERN is trying to create artificial black holes right now, but don't worry, it's not dangerous. Scientists there are attempting to smash two particles together with such intensity that it creates a black hole that would live for just a millionth of a second.
  • Thaller uses a brilliant analogy involving a rubber sheet, a marble, and an elephant to explain why different black holes have varying densities. Watch and learn!
  • Bonus fact: If the Earth became a black hole, it would be crushed to the size of a ping-pong ball.

Russian reporters discover 101 'tortured' whales jammed in offshore pens

Protected animals are feared to be headed for the black market.

Politics & Current Affairs
  • Russian news network discovers 101 black-market whales.
  • Orcas and belugas are seen crammed into tiny pens.
  • Marine parks continue to create a high-price demand for illegal captures.
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China’s artificial sun reaches fusion temperature: 100 million degrees

In a breakthrough for nuclear fusion research, scientists at China's Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor have produced temperatures necessary for nuclear fusion on Earth.

Credit: EAST Team
Surprising Science
  • The EAST reactor was able to heat hydrogen to temperatures exceeding 100 million degrees Celsius.
  • Nuclear fusion could someday provide the planet with a virtually limitless supply of clean energy.
  • Still, scientists have many other obstacles to pass before fusion technology becomes a viable energy source.
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