Management, Motivation & Darwin
Looking to explain a new leadership model he saw gaining traction, organizational behavior expert Paul Lawrence found inspiration and answers in Darwin's The Descent of Man.
What's the Latest Development?
Organizational behavior expert Paul Lawrence's Renewed Darwinian (RD) Theory of Human Behavior posits that we are all motivated by four drives: to acquire (to obtain things necessary to ensure continuity and reproductive success); to defend (to ensure what is acquired is not lost); to comprehend (to understand the world around us); and to bond (to connect and relate to others).
What's the Big Idea?
Harvard researchers surveyed hundreds of employees as a test of Lawrence’s theory, finding not only did the four drives explain “60 percent of employees’ variance on motivational indicators,” but that if just one drive went unaddressed, it pulled down employee satisfaction in all other categories. The best results came when all four drives were fulfilled simultaneously.
It's a development that could one day lead to much better treatments for osteoporosis, joint damage, and bone fractures.
- Scientists have isolated skeletal stem cells in adult and fetal bones for the first time.
- These cells could one day help treat damaged bone and cartilage.
- The team was able to grow skeletal stem cells from cells found within liposuctioned fat.
Gut bacteria play an important role in how you feel and think and how well your body fights off disease. New research shows that exercise can give your gut bacteria a boost.
- Two studies from the University of Illinois show that gut bacteria can be changed by exercise alone.
- Our understanding of how gut bacteria impacts our overall health is an emerging field, and this research sheds light on the many different ways exercise affects your body.
- Exercising to improve your gut bacteria will prevent diseases and encourage brain health.
A groundbreaking new study shows that octopuses seemed to exhibit uncharacteristically social behavior when given MDMA, the psychedelic drug commonly known as ecstasy.
- Octopuses, like humans, have genes that seem to code for serotonin transporters.
- Scientists gave MDMA to octopuses to see whether those genes translated into a binding site for serotonin, which regulates emotions and behavior in humans
- Octopuses, which are typically asocial creatures, seem to get friendlier while on MDMA, suggesting humans have more in common with the strange invertebrates than previously thought
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