Though the Islamic world has "fallen behind" recent scientific times, the oil-rich states of the Middle East are seeking to diversify their economies. The New Scientist says science and technology appear promising. "In 2005, 17 Arab speaking countries put together produced fewer scientific papers than Harvard University. This will all change with the commitment — both financial and ideological — to a new wave of scientific endeavor...Saudi Arabia has established the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, which has risen from the desert in just a few years based on a £20 billion endowment. Qatar has built Education City, a 2500 acre campus outside Doha where seven of the top US universities now have bases..."